Insoniyat tarixidagi 100 eng nufuzli shaxs

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya

100 nafar eng buyuk tarixiy shaxs (ingl. The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History) — Michael H. Hartning 1978-yil chiqarilgan va 1992-yilda qayta nashr qilingan kitobi. Ushbu kitobda tarixiy shaxslarning qisqacha biografiyalari keltirilgan[1][2]. Ushbu roʻyxatda insoniyat riojlanishidagi 100 nafar eng taʼsirli shaxslarning reytingi eʼlon qilingan. Shuningdek, 100 talik roʻyxatga kirmagan 87 kishining reytingi ham bor.

100 nafar eng nufuzli shaxs[tahrir]

# Portreti Ismi Yashagan yillari Ahamiyati
1
L b52bd2fd.jpg
Muhammad (sav) 571632 Islom dinining asoschisi va paygʻambari
2
GodfreyKneller-IsaacNewton-1689.jpg
Isaak Nyuton 16421727 Fizik, matematik, mexanik va astronom
3
StJohnsAshfield StainedGlass GoodShepherd Face.jpg
Iso Masih mil. avv. 4-yil—29-yil Nasroniylikdinining asoschisi va paygʻambari
4
Buddha in Sarnath Museum (Dhammajak Mutra).jpg
Budda mil. avv. 563-yil—mil. avv. 483-yil Buddaviylik dinining asoschisi
5
Confucius Tang Dynasty.jpg
Konfutsiy mil. avv. 551-yilmil. avv. 492 Konfutsiylik asoschisi
6
El Greco - Saint Paul head.jpg
Havoriy Pavel 5-yil64-yil nasroniylik apostoli
7
Cai-lun.jpg
Say Lun 50-yil121-yil qogʻoz ixtirochisi
8
Johannes Gutenberg.jpg
Iogann Gutenberg 13971468 kitob bosish ixtirochisi
9
Christopher Columbus.PNG
Xristofor Kolumb 14511506 Amerika qitʼasini kashf qilgan dengizchi
10 Albert Eynshteyn 18791955 Fizik
11
Louis Pasteur.jpg
Lui Paster 18221895 Mikrobiolog
12
Galileo.arp.300pix.jpg
Galileo Galiley 15641642 Fizik, mexanik, astronom, faylasuf
13
Aristoteles Louvre.jpg
Aristotel mil. avv. 384—mil. avv. 322 faylasuf
14
Euklid-von-Alexandria 1.jpg
Yevklid mil. avv. 325—mil. avv. 265 handasa fanining otasi
15
Michelangelo Moses.jpg
Muso mil. avv. XIII asr yahudiylik dinining asoschisi
16
Charles Darwin 1880.jpg
Charlz Darvin 18091882 Naturalist
17
Qinshihuang.jpg
Sin Shixuandi mil. avv. 259— mil. avv. 210 Xitoy imperatori
18
Augustus Bevilacqua Glyptothek Munich 317.jpg
Oktavian Avgust mil. avv. 63-yil — 14-yil Rimning eng qudratli imperatori
19
Copernicus.jpg
Nikolay Kopernik 14731543 astronom, matematik, mexanik
20
Antoine lavoisier.jpg
Antuan Lavuazye 17431794 Kimyo fanining asoschisi
21
Constantine Chiaramonti Inv1749.jpg
Konstantin 272337 Rim imperatori
22
James Watt by Henry Howard.jpg
Jeyms Uatt 17361819 mexanik
23
Faraday-Millikan-Gale-1913.jpg
Maykl 17911867 fizik, kimyogar
24
James Clerk Maxwell.png
Jeyms Maksvell 18311879 Fizik, mexanik
25
Martin Luther, 1529.jpg
Martin Lyuter 14831546 nasroniylik dinining ruhoniysi, Reformatsiya tashkilotchisi, Lyuteranlik asoschisi
26
Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg
Jorj Vashington 17321799 AQSH birinchi prezidenti
27
Marx3.jpg
Karl Marks 18181883 Marksizm asoschisi
28
Wilbur Wright.jpg
Orville Wright.jpg
Orvil Rayt, Vilbur Rayt (1867—1912)/ (1871—1948) aviakonstruktorlar
29
Genghis Khan.jpg
Chingizxon 11621227 Moʻgʻul xoni
30
AdamSmith.jpg
Adam Smit 17231790 zamonaviy iqtisodiyot asoschisi
31
Edward-de-Vere-1575.jpg
Hw-shakespeare.png
Eduard de Ver/Uilyam Shekspir 15501604 / 15641616 shoir va dramaturg
32
SS-dalton.jpg
Jon Dalton 17661844 kimyogar, meteorolog
33
Bust Alexander BM 1857.jpg
Iskandar Zulqarnayn mil. avv. 356 — mil. avv. 323 sarkarda
34
Napoleon I of France by Andrea Appiani.jpg
Napoleon I 17691821 Fransiya Imperatori
35
Thomas Edison2.jpg
Tomas Edison 18471931 ixtirochi, mexanik
36
Leewenhoek-Postzegel nr-299.jpg
Antoni van Levenguk 16321723 Mikroskop ixtirochisi
37
WTG Morton.jpg
Uilyam Morton 18191868 Narkoz ixtirochisi
38
Guglielmo Marconi.jpg
Gulelmo Markoni 18741937 radiotexnik
39
Hitler portrait crop.jpg
Adolf Gitler 18891945 Germaniya fyureri
40
Head Platon Glyptothek Munich 548.jpg
Aflotun mil. avv. 427 — mil. avv. 347 faylasuf
41
Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper.jpg
Oliver Kromvel 15991658 Birlashgan Angliya, Shotlandiya, Irlandiyaning lord-protektori
42
Alexander Graham Bell.jpg
Aleksandr Bell 18471922 telefon ixtirochisi
43
Alexander Fleming 3.jpg
Aleksandr Fleming 18811955 penitsillin kashfiyotchisi
44
John Locke.jpg
Jon Lokk 16321704 faylasuf
45
Beethoven.jpg
Lyudvig van Betxoven 17701827 Buyuk bastakor
46
Bundesarchiv Bild183-R57262, Werner Heisenberg.jpg
Varner Geyzenberg 19011976 kvant mexanikasining ixtirochisi
47
Louis Daguerre 2.jpg
Lui Dagger 17871851 tasvirchi, fotografiyaning asoschilaridan biri
48
Simón Bolívar - Juan Lovera, 1827.jpg
Simon Bolivar 17831830 Janubiy Amerikaning milliy ozodligi uchun kurashchi
49
Frans Hals - Portret van René Descartes.jpg
Rene Dekart 15961650 faylasuf, mexanik, fizik, fiziolog
50
Michelangelo portrait.JPG
Mikelanjelo 14751564 haykaltarosh, rassom, meʼmor, mutafakkir, shoir.
51
BlUrban II.png
Urban II 10421099 Salib yurishlarining tashkilotchisi, Rim papasi
52
Umar.png
Umar ibn Xattab 585644 Arab xalifasi, Muhammad s. a. v. ning izdoshi
53 Ashoka mil. avv. 304— mil. avv. 232 Mauriya imperiyasi hukmdori
54
Antonello da Messina 009.jpg
Avreliy Avgustin 354430 Xristian cherkovining asoschilaridan biri
55
William Harvey-Foto.jpg
Uilyam Garvey 15781657 fiziologiya va embriologiya asoschisi
56 Ernest Rezerford 18711937 yadroviy fizikaning asoschisi
57
Jean Calvin.png
Jan Kalvin 15091564 cherkov reformatori, ruhoniy
58
Gregor Mendel Monk.jpg
Gregor Mendel 18221884 irsiyat tushunchasining asoschisi
59
Max Planck 1933.jpg
Maks Plank 18581947 kvant fizikasining asoschisi
60
JosephLister.jpg
Jozef Lister 18271912 antiseptik jarrohlik tuzuvchisi
61
Nicolaus-August-Otto.jpg
Nikolaus Otto 18321891 Ichki yonuv dvigatelining ixtirochisi
62
Francisco-Pizarro-um1540.png
Fransisko Pisarro 14751541 Inklar imperiyasi istilochisi
63
Cortes.jpg
Ernan Kortes 14851547 Asteklar yerining istilochisi
64
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg
Tomas Jefferson 17431826 AQSHning 3-prezidenti, AQSH Mustaqillik deklaratsiyasining mualliflaridan
65
IsabellaofCastile03.jpg
Izabella I 14511504 Ispaniya qirolichasi
66
JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942 flipped.jpg
Iosif Stalin 18781953 SSSR yetakchisi
67
Gaius Julius Caesar.jpg
Yuliy Sezar mil. avv. 100— mil. avv. 44 Rim imperatori
68 Vilgelm I 1027-1087 Normandiya gersogi
69
Sigmund Freud Anciano.jpg
Zigmund Freyd 1856-1939 Psixoanaliz asoschisi
70
Edward Jenner2.jpg
Edvard Jenner 1749-1823 chechakka qarshi vaksina ixtirochisi
71
Roentgen2.jpg
Vilgelm Rentgen 1845-1923 fizik, Nobel mukofotining birinchi laureati
72
JSBach.jpg
Iogann Sebastian Bax 1685-1750 bastakor
73
Lao Tzu - Project Gutenberg eText 15250.jpg
Lao Szu mil. avv. V asr Daosizm asoschisi
74
Atelier de Nicolas de Largillière, portrait de Voltaire, détail (musée Carnavalet) -002.jpg
Volter 1694-1778 faylasuf
75
Johannes Kepler 1610.jpg
Iogann Kepler 1571-1630 sayyoralar harakatlanishi qonunini asoschisi
76
Enrico Fermi ID badge.png
Enriko Fermi 1901-1954 fizik
77
Leonhard Euler by Handmann.png
Leonard Eyler 1707-1783 matematika fanining asosiga hissa qoʻshgan olim
78
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (painted portrait).jpg
Jan Jak Russo 1712-1778 davlatchilikning asoschilaridan biri
79 Nikkolo Makiavelli 1469-1527 Siyosiy arbob, mutafakkir
80
Thomas Malthus.jpg
Tomas Maltus 1766-1834 demograf va iqtisodchi
81
John F. Kennedy - NARA - 518134.jpg
Jon Kennedi 1917-1963 AQSH Prezidenti
82 Gregori Pinkus 1903-1967 biolog
83
Mani.jpg
Moniy 216-273 Moniylik asoschisi
84 Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924 SSSR asoschisi
85
Sui Wendi Tang.jpg
Suy Ven Di 541-604 Xitoyni birlashtirgan imperator
86
Vasco-da-gama-2.jpg
Vasko da Gama 1460-1524 Buyuk geografik kashfiyotlar davridagi dengizchilardan biri. Yevropadan Hindistonga boradigan yoʻlni topgan.
87
Cyrus portrait.jpg
Kir II Buyuk mil. avv. 593— mil. avv. 530 Ahamoniylar davlati asoschisi va hukmdori
88
Peter der-Grosse 1838.jpg
Pyotr I 1672-1725 Rossiya imperatori
89 Mao Szedun 1893-1976 Xitoy davlat arbobi
90
Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban from NPG (2).jpg
Frensis Bekon 1561-1626 ingliz faylasufi
91
Henry ford 1919.jpg
Genri Ford 1863-1947 avtomobil ixtirochisi
92
Mencius.jpg
Men Szi mil. avv. 372— mil. avv. 289 Faylasuf
93
CIMRM 44-Mithraic pater (Dura Europos).jpg
Zoroastr mil. avv. 628— mil. avv. 551 Zardushtiylik asoschisi
94
Elizabeth1 Phoenix.jpg
Yelizaveta I 1533-1603 Buyuk Britaniya qirolichasi
95
RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg
Mixail Gorbachyov 1931-yilda tugʻilgan SSSRning birinchi va oxirgi Prezidenti
96
Menes.jpg
Menes mil. avv. XXXI asr Qadimgi Misrning birinchi hukmdori
97
Charlemagne Allemagne.jpg
Buyuk Karl 742-814 Franklar davlati qiroli
98
Homer British Museum.jpg
Gomer mil. avv. VIII asr Iliada va Odissey dostonlari muallifi, faylasuf
99
Meister von San Vitale in Ravenna.jpg
Yustinian I 483-565 Vizantiya imperatori, sarkarda
100
Mahavir.jpg
Maxavira mil. avv. 599 — mil. avv. 527 notiq, faylasuf

Boshqa kishilar[tahrir]

# Portret Ismi Yashagan yillari Eslatma
1
AbrahamIcon.JPG
Ibrohim mil. avv. XX asr Paygʻambar
2
Aiken.jpeg
Howard Aiken 19001973 «Марк I» kompyuteri yaratuvchisi.
3
Aesop pushkin01.jpg
Ezop mil. avv. VI asr dostonchi
4
NSRW Susan Anthony.png
Susan Anthony 18201906 ayollar huquqlari himoyachisi
5
Aristarchus Diebolt Merley cour Carree Louvre.jpg
Aristarchus Diebolt mil. avv. 310230 faylasuf, astronom, matematik
6
Richard arkwright.jpg
Richard Arkwright 17321792 sanoatchi
7
Neil Armstrong pose.jpg
Neil Armstrong 19302012 kosmonavt
8
Jeremy Bentham by Henry William Pickersgill detail.jpg
Jeremy Bentham 17481832 jamiyatshunos
9
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1990-023-06A, Otto von Bismarck.jpg
Otto fon Bismark 18151898 Olmoniya kansleri
10
Broglie Big.jpg
Louie de Broglie 18921987 kvant mexanikasi asoschilaridan biri
11
Sadi Carnot.jpeg
Sadi Carnot 17961832 Fransiya davlat arbobi
12
Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg
Winston Churchill 18741965 Nobel adabiyot mukofoti sohobi
13
Clausewitz.jpg
Carl von Clausewitz 17801831 harbiy
14
Clausius.jpg
Rudolph Clausius 18221888 fizik
15
Gottlieb Daimler 1890s2.jpg
Gottlieb Daimler 18341900 avtomobil ixtirochisi
16
Dante-alighieri.jpg
Dante Alighieri 12651321 «Xudoning kulgusi» asari muallifi
17
Rey David por Pedro Berruguete.JPG
Dovud mil. avv. 1030-yil — mil.avv. 965-yil Isroil podshohi
18
Democritus2.jpg
Demokrit mil. avv. 460370 Atomizm asoschisi
19
Mary Baker Eddy.jpg
Mary Baker Eddy 18211910 diniy arbob.
20
Robert Ettinger Soldier WWII.jpg
Robert Ettinger 19182011 amerikalik olim
21
George Fox.jpg
George Fox 16241691 kvakerlar harakati asoschisi
22
Friedrich Zweite Alt.jpg
Fridrix II 17121786 Prussiya qiroli
23
Betty Friedan 1960.jpg
Betty Freidan 19212006 ayollarc huquqlari himoyachisi
24
Galen detail.jpg
Galen 129199 jarroh
25
Carl Friedrich Gauss.jpg
Carl Friedrich Gauss 17771855 matematik
26
Milkau Oberer Teil der Stele mit dem Text von Hammurapis Gesetzescode 369-2.jpg
Xammurapi mil. avv. 18131750 Bobil podshohi
27
Hegel portrait by Schlesinger 1831.jpg
George Hegel 17701831 faylasuf
28
Henry8England.jpg
Genri VIII 14911547 Angliya qiroli
29
Henry the Navigator1.jpg
Genri 13941460 dengizchi
30
Theodor Herzl.jpg
Throdor Herzl 18601904 sionizm asoschisi
31
Hippocrates pushkin02.jpg
Gippokrat mil.avv. 460370 tibbiyot “otasi”
32
Thomas Hobbes (portrait).jpg
Thomas Hobbes 15881679 siyosatchi
33
Hutton James portrait Raeburn.jpg
James Hutton 17261797 geologiya asoschisi
34
Akhenaten statue.jpg
Exnaton mil.avv. 13751336 Qadimgi Misr podshohi
35
Isaiah (Bible Card).jpg
Isaiah mil.avv. VIIIVII Injildagi paygʻambarlardan biri
36
Joan of Arc miniature graded.jpg
Janna dʼArk 14121431 Yuz yillik urush qahramonlaridan biri
37
Immanuel Kant (portrait).jpg
Immanuel Kant 17241804 faylasuf
38
Atatürk.jpg
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk 18811938 Turkiya mustaqilligi asoschisi
39
John Maynard Keynes.jpg
John Maynard Keynes 18831946 iqtisodchi
40
Har Gobind Khorana.jpg
Har Gobind Khorana 19222011 biolog
41
Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg
Martin Luther King 19291968 huquq kurashuvchisi
42 Alfred Kinsey 18941956 Seksologiya asoschisi
43
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff.jpg
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 18241887 fizik
44
YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg
Xubilay 12151294 moʻgʻul xoni
45
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz.jpg
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 16461716 faylasuf
46
Жан Жозеф Этьен Ленуар.jpg
Ethiene Lenoire 18221900 ixtirochi
47
Emperor Gaozu of Han.jpg
Lyu Ban mil.avv. 256195 Xan sulolasi asoschisi
48
Louis xiv 1638 1715 hi.jpg
Lyudovik XIV 16381715 Fransiya qiroli
49
James Madison.jpg
James Madison 17511836 AQSh Prezidenti
50
Vladimirskaya.jpg
Bibi Maryam mil.avv. 2045 Iso paygʻambarning onalari
51
Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan.jpg
Meydzi 18521912 Yaponiya imperatori
52
Kramskoy Mendeleev 01.jpg
Dmitriy Meneleyev 18341907 kimyogar
53
Montesquieu 1.png
Chales Louie Montesquieu 16891755 yozuvchi
54
NSRW Maria Montessori.jpg
Maria Montessori 18701952 pedagog
55
Samuel Morse.jpg
Samuel Morse 17911872 ixtirochi
56
Wolfgang-amadeus-mozart 1.jpg
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 17561791 musiqachi kompozitor
57
First Umayyad gold dinar, Caliph Abd al-Malik, 695 CE.jpg
Muoviya I 603680 Umaviylar sulolasi asoschisi
58
Gerard Kitchen ONeill.GIF
Gerard OʻNeill 19271992 fizik
59
Blaise pascal.jpg
Blaise Pascal 16231662 matematik
60
Ivan Pavlov nobel.jpg
Ivan Pavlov 18491936 shifokor
61
Marco-polo-hanbury.JPG
Marco Polo 12541324 sayyoh va savdogar
62
Ptolemy 16century.jpg
Ptolemey 87165 astronom
63
Kapitolinischer Pythagoras.jpg
Pifagor mil. avv. 570490 matematik
64
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg
Ronald Reagan 19112004 AQSh Prezidenti
65
Rembrandt van rijn-self portrait.jpg
Rembrandt 16061669 rassom
66
Franklin D. Roosevelt - NARA - 196898.jpg
Franklin Roosevelt 18821945 AQSh Prezidenti (1933—1945)
67
Adi shankara.jpg
Shankara 788820 faylasuf
68
Erwin Schrödinger (1933).jpg
Erwin Schrödinger 18871961 fizik
69
William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
William Shockley 19101989 fizik
70
Joseph Smith, Jr. portrait owned by Joseph Smith III.jpg
Joseph Smith 18051844 diniy arbob
71
Socrates Louvre.jpg
Suqrot mil.avv. 469399 faylasuf
72
Sophocles pushkin.jpg
Sofokl mil.avv. 495406 dramaturg
73
Sunyatsen1.jpg
Sun Yatsen 18661925 Gomindan partiyasi asoschisi, Xitoy davlat arbobi
74
William Henry Fox Talbot, by John Moffat, 1864.jpg
William Henry Fox Talbot 18001877 Fotografiya asoschisi
75
Tamerlan.jpg
Amir Temur 13361405 Temuriylar davlati asoschisi, sarkarda
76
EdwardTeller1958.jpg
Edward Teller 19082003 Fizik
77
Henry David Thoreau.jpg
Henry David Thoreau 18171862 abolitsionist
78
Charles Hard Townes.jpg
Charles Hard Townes 19152015 fizik
79
Harry S. Truman.jpg
Harry Truman 18841972 AQSh Prezidenti[3]
80
Alessandro Volta.jpg
Alessandro Volta 17451827 fizik
81
Selman Waksman NYWTS.jpg
Selman Waksman 18881973 fizik
82
James D Watson Genome Image.jpg
Francis Crick.png
James Watson/Francis Crick 1928/ (1916—2004) biolog
83
Robert Watson-Watt.jpg
Robert Watson-Watt 18921973 radar ixtirochisi
84
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley Rothwell.tif
Mary Shelley 17971851 yozuvchi
85
Frank Lloyd Wright portrait.jpg
Frank Lloyd Wright 18671959 meʼmor
86
Boris Yeltsin 1993.jpg
Boris Yeltsin 19312007 Rossiya Prezidenti (1991—1999)
87
Zvorykin0.jpg
Vladimir Zvorikin 18881982 muhandis

Manbalar[tahrir]