Abel mukofoti

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Abel mukofoti
Oslo Universitet 2.jpg
Abel mukofoti Oslo universitetida topshiriladi
Mukofot sohasi Matematika
Tashkilotchi  Norvegiya hukumati
Mamlakat Norvegiya
Joy Oslo universiteti
Birinchi berilgan yili 2003
Oxirgi berilgan yili 2019
Rasmiy vebsayti

Abel mukofoti (inglizcha: Abelprisen; norv. Abelprisen) — har yili Norvegiya qiroli tomonidan bir yoki undan koʻp matematikka ilmga qoʻshgan yirik hissasi uchun beriladigan mukofot. Mukofot norveg matematigi Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) nomi bilan ataladi va Nobel mukofotiga qarab taʼsis qilingan. Mukofot sovrindorlariga 6 million norveg kronasi (€600,000 yoki $660,000) miqdorida pul mukofoti beriladi.

Mukofotning kelib chiqishi 1899-yilga borib taqaladi. Norveg matematigi Sophus Lie Alfred Nobelning mukofotlari matematiklarga berilmasligi haqida xabar topganidan keyin, matematiklar uchun alohida mukofot joriy qilishni taklif qilgan. 1902-yil Shvetsiya qiroli Oscar II Nobel mukofotlariga hamroh matematika mukofotini moliyalashtirish istagini izhor qilgan, ammo 1905-yilda Norvegiya va Shvetsiya ittifoqi tugagani uchun mukofotni joriy qilish rejasi amalga oshmay qolgan. Oradan deyarli bir asr oʻtib, 2001-yil Norvegiya hukumati mukofotni nihoyat joriy qildi. Mukofot sovrindorlarini Abel qoʻmitasi tanlaydi. Qoʻmita aʼzolarini esa Norvegiya fanlar akademiyasi tayinlaydi.

Mukofot Oslo universitetida topshiriladi. 1947–1989-yillarda ayni universitetida Nobel tinchlik mukofoti topshirilgan. Abel mukofoti kengashi Abel simpoziumiga asos solgan boʻlib, uni Norvegiya matematika jamiyati uyushtirib keladi.

Abel mukofoti sovrindorlari[tahrir]

Yil Sovrindorlar Tasvir Fuqoroligi Ishlagan joyi Sabablari
2003 Serre, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Serre Jean-Pierre Serre Fransiya bayrogʻi Fransiya Collège de France "For playing a key role in shaping the modern form of many parts of mathematics, including topology, algebraic geometry and number theory."[1]
2004 Atiyah, MichaelMichael Atiyah Michael Atiya Buyuk Britaniya bayrogʻi Buyuk Britaniya Edinburgh universiteti

Cambridge universiteti

"For their discovery and proof of the index theorem, bringing together topology, geometry and analysis, and their outstanding role in building new bridges between mathematics and theoretical physics."[2]
Singer, IsadoreIsadore Singer Isadore Singer AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Massachusetts texnologiya instituti
California universiteti, Berkeley
2005 Lax, PeterPeter Lax Peter Lax Vengriya bayrogʻi Vengriya[3] / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Courant matematika fanlari instituti "For his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions."[4]
2006 Carleson, LennartLennart Carleson Lennart Carleson Shvetsiya bayrogʻi Shvetsiya[5] Qirollik texnologiya instituti "For his profound and seminal contributions to harmonic analysis and the theory of smooth dynamical systems."[6]
2007 Varadhan, S. R. SrinivasaS. R. Srinivasa Varadhan S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan Hindiston bayrogʻi Hindiston / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh[7] Courant matematika fanlari instituti "For his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviation."[8]
2008 Thompson, John G.John G. Thompson John Griggs Thompson AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Florida universiteti "For their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory."[9]
Tits, JacquesJacques Tits Jacques Tits Belgiya bayrogʻi Belgiya / Fransiya bayrogʻi Fransiya[10] Collège de France
2009 Gromov, MixailMixail Gromov Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov Rossiya bayrogʻi Rossiya / Fransiya bayrogʻi Fransiya[11] Oliy ilmiy tadqiqotlar instituti[12] va Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti [13] "For his revolutionary contributions to geometry."[14]
2010 Tate, JohnJohn Tate John Tate AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Texas uiversiteti, Austin "For his vast and lasting impact on the theory of numbers."[15]
2011 Milnor, JohnJohn Milnor John Milnor AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Stony Brook universiteti "For pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry, and algebra."[16]
2012 Szemerédi, EndreEndre Szemerédi Endre Szemeredi Vengriya bayrogʻi Vengriya / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh[17] Alfréd Rényi matematika instituti
va Rutgers universiteti
"For his fundamental contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and in recognition of the profound and lasting impact of these contributions on additive number theory and ergodic theory."[18]
2013 Deligne, PierrePierre Deligne Pierre Deligne Belgiya bayrogʻi Belgiya Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti "For seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields."[19]
2014 Sinai, YakovYakov Sinai Yakov G Sinai Rossiya bayrogʻi Rossiya / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Princeton universiteti and Landau nazariy fizika instituti[20] "For his fundamental contributions to dynamical systems, ergodic theory, and mathematical physics."[21]
2015 Nash Jr., John F.John F. Nash Jr. John Forbes Nash Jr. AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Princeton universiteti "For striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis."[22]
Nirenberg, LouisLouis Nirenberg Louis Nirenberg Kanada bayrogʻi Kanada / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh Courant matematika fanlari instituti
2016 Wiles, AndrewAndrew Wiles Andrew Wiles Buyuk Britaniya bayrogʻi Buyuk Britaniya Oxford universiteti[23][24] "For his stunning proof of Fermat's Last Theorem by way of the modularity conjecture for semistable elliptic curves, opening a new era in number theory."[25]
2017 Meyer, YvesYves Meyer Yves Meyer Fransiya bayrogʻi Fransiya Paris-Saclay oliy normal maktabi "For his pivotal role in the development of the mathematical theory of wavelets."[26]
2018 Langlands, RobertRobert Langlands Robert Langlands Kanada bayrogʻi Kanada / AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh[27] Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti "For his visionary program connecting representation theory to number theory."[28]
2019 Uhlenbeck, KarenKaren Uhlenbeck Karen Uhlenbeck AQSH bayrogʻi AQSh[29] Texas universiteti, Austin "For her pioneering achievements in geometric partial differential equations, gauge theory and integrable systems, and for the fundamental impact of her work on analysis, geometry and mathematical physics."[30][31]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. The Abel Prize Laureate 2003. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  2. The Abel Prize Laureate 2004. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  3. Peter Lax | Simons Foundation. Simons Foundation. 2015-11-12.
  4. The Abel Prize Laureate 2005. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  5. Swedish mathematician receives the Abel Prize. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  6. The Abel Prize Laureate 2006. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  7. Fields Institute – Thematic Program on Dynamic and Transport in Disordered Systems. Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences. 23 December 2012.
  8. The Abel Prize Laureate 2007. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  9. The Abel Prize Laureate 2008. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  10. Abel Prize Ceremony 2008. The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Seoul. 23 December 2012.
  11. Russian-French mathematician receives the Abel Prize. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  12. The Abel Committee's Citation 2009. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 9 August 2016.
  13. Foderaro, Lisa W. (31 May 2009). "In N.Y.U.'s Tally of Abel Prizes for Mathematics, Gromov Makes Three". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/01/nyregion/01nyu.html. Qaraldi: 17 October 2012. 
  14. The Abel Prize Laureate 2009. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 9 August 2016.
  15. The Abel Prize Laureate 2010. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  16. The Abel Prize Laureate 2011. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  17. Hungarian-American Endre Szemerédi named Abel Prize winner. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  18. The Abel Prize Laureate 2012. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23 December 2012.
  19. The Abel Prize Laureate 2013. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 20 June 2013.
  20. The Abel Committee's Citation 2014. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 9 August 2016.
  21. The Abel Prize Laureate 2014. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 26 March 2014.
  22. The Abel Prize Laureates 2015. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 9 August 2016.
  23. The Abel Committee's Citation 2016. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 9 August 2016.
  24. "Sir Andrew J. Wiles receives the Abel Prize" (Press release). The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. http://www.abelprize.no/binfil/download.php?tid=67066. Qaraldi: 9 August 2016. 
  25. The Abel Prize Laureate 2016. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 15 March 2016.
  26. The Abel Prize Laureate 2017. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 21 March 2017.
  27. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences -. Robert Langlands. www.nasonline.org.
  28. The Abel Prize Laureate 2018. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 20 March 2018.
  29. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences -. Karen Uhlenbeck. www.nasonline.org.
  30. Karen Uhlenbeck first woman to win the Abel Prize. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 19 March 2019.
  31. Chang, Kenneth (19 March 2019). "Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics - Dr. Uhlenbeck helped pioneer geometric analysis, developing techniques now commonly used by many mathematicians.". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/19/science/karen-uhlenbeck-abel-prize.html. Qaraldi: 19 March 2019.