Oysha

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Oysha binti Abu Bakr (arab. عائشة‎‎‎; 613/614[1][2]—678[3]) — Muhammadning xotini, birinchi xalifa Abu Bakrning qizi. Laqabi Siddiqa, unvoni Ummun-moʻminun (Moʻminlar onasi)dir. Muhammad vafotidan keyin Oysha xalifalik hokimiyatiga nomzodlar oʻrtasidagi munozaralarda paygʻambarning safdoshlari Talha va Zubayr tomonida turib, Ali tarafdorlariga qarshi chiqqan. Oysha Muhammad umrining oxirigacha u bilan birga yashagani tufayli juda koʻp hadislarning roviysi hisoblanadi. Sahobalar baʼzi oilaviy munosabatlarga doir murakkab masalalarni undan soʻrab bilib olar edilar. Xalifalar — Abu Bakr, Umar va Usmon zamonlarida fatvolar ham bergan. Oysha tafsir, hadis, fiqhni mukammal bilgan, arab tili va adabiyotidan yaxshi xabardor boʻlgan. Madinadagi Baqiy qabristoniga dafn qilingan.[4]

Muhammad bilan turmushi[tahrir]

Sahihi Buxoriy va Sahihi Muslim hadislariga binoan, Oysha 6 yoshida 47 yoshli Muhammadga nikohlangan;[5][6][7] uch yil keyin, 9 yoshida Muhammad bilan chimildiqqa kirgan.[6][8] Oysha bu paytda jinsiy balogʻatga yetmagan edi.[9]

Ayrim yozuvchilar fikricha, bu hadislar soxta boʻlib, Oysha aslida kamida 14 yoshida Muhammadga nikohlantirilgan.[10]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. Abbott, Nabia (1942). Aishah The Beloved of Muhammad. University of Chicago Press, 1. 
  2. Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 55. London: Ta-Ha Publishers. "Aisha was born at the beginning of the fourth year of prophethood," i.e., the year 613-614 C.E.
  3. "‘A’isha was eighteen years of age at the time when the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) died and she remained a widow for forty-eight years till she died at the age of sixty-seven. She saw the rules of four caliphs in her lifetime. She died in Ramadan 58 AH during the caliphate of Mu‘awiya…" (Source: Sunan Nasa'i: English translation with Arabic text, compiled by Imam Abu Abd-ur-Rahman Ahmad Nasa'i, rendered into English by Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqui [Lahore: Kazi Publications; first edition, 1994], Volume 1, p. 108)
  4. OʻzME. Birinchi jild. Toshkent, 2000-yil
  5. Sahih-i Buhari - 5.Kitap
  6. 6,0 6,1 Саййида Оиша бинти Абу Бакр розияллоҳу анҳо: никоҳ ва ҳижрат. Muslimaat.uz (8-mart 2011). 17-sentabr 2013.
  7. Sahih Muslim: Book 008, Number 3309.
  8. Sahih Muslim: Book 008, Number 3311.
  9. Sahihi Buxoriy: Volume 8, Book 73, Number 151. 17-sentabr 2013. “The playing with the dolls and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for 'Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet reached the age of puberty.”
  10. David Liepert. Rejecting the Myth of Sanctioned Child Marriage in Islam. The Huffington Post.