Uma Thurman

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya

Uma Karuna Thurman (1970-yil 29 aprelda tug'ilgan) - amerikalik aktrisa, prodyuser va model. Turli janrlarni o'z ichiga olgan kino va televizion spektakllarda samarali bo'lgan u Britaniya <i id="mwEg">Vogue jurnalining</i> 1985-yil dekabr va 1986-yil may oylaridagi muqovalaridagi chiqishlaridan so'ng "Xavfli aloqalar " (1988) filmida muvaffaqiyat qozondi. Thurman Quentin TarantinoningPulp Fiction” (1994) filmidagi Mia Uolles roli bilan xalqaro shuhrat qozondi[1], bu roli uchun u Akademiya mukofoti, BAFTA mukofoti va “Eng yaxshi ikkinchi plandagi aktrisa” uchun “Oltin globus” mukofotiga nomzod boʻlgan. Tarantinoning ilhomlantiruvchisi sifatida e'tirof etilgan [2] u rejissyor bilan yana birlashib, Billni o'ldirishda "Kelin : 1 va 2 - jild " (2003 va 2004) filmida rol o'ynadi [3] va bu unga yana ikkita "Oltin globus" mukofotiga nomzod bo'lishiga olib keldi[4].

Gollivud aktrisasi sifatida tashkil etilgan [5] Thurmanning boshqa taniqli filmlari: Genri va Iyun (1990), Mushuklar va itlar haqidagi haqiqat (1996), Batman va Robin (1997), Gattaca (1997), Les Misérables (1998), <i id="mwNg">Paycheck</i> (2003), Prodyuserlar (2005), Mening super sobiq qiz do'stim (2006), Persi Jekson va Olimpiyachilar: Chaqmoq o'g'ri (2010), Lars fon Trierning " Nimfomanyak " (2013) va Jek qurgan uy. (2018) va Gollivud yulduzi qizi (2022). [6] 2011-yilda u 64-Kann kinofestivalining asosiy tanlovi uchun hakamlar hay’ati a’zosi bo‘lgan [7] va 2017-yilda u 70-nashrning “ Un Certain Regard ” hakamlar hay’ati prezidenti etib saylangan. Turman oʻzining Brodveydagi debyutini “Parijlik ayol” da (2017–2018) qilgan.

Thurman HBO uchun tayyorlangan “ Isterik ko‘rlik ” (2002) filmidagi ijrosi uchun “Oltin globus” mukofotini “Televizion filmdagi eng yaxshi ayol roli” uchun qo‘lga kiritdi va besh epizodli roli uchun “Drama serialidagi eng yaxshi mehmon aktrisa” nominatsiyasida Primetime Emmi mukofotiga sazovor bo‘ldi. NBC musiqiy seriyasida Smash (2012)[8]. U shuningdek, “ The Slap ” (2015) mini-seriallarida va “ Imposters ” (2017–2018), “ Chambers ” (2019) va “Super Pumped” (2022) seriallarida rol o‘ynagan.

Erta hayot va oila[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Uma Karuna Thurman 1970-yil 29-aprelda [9] Bostonda, Massachusets shtatida tugʻilgan . Uning otasi Robert Turman Hind-Tibet buddist tadqiqotlari professori va muallif [10] bo'lib, uch yil davomida tayinlangan buddist rohib sifatida yashagan. Uning onasi Nena fon Shlebryugge, yuqori moda modeli, Mexiko shahrida nemis zodagoni va shved modelida tug'ilgan; [11] Nena Stokgolmda topilgan va 17 yoshida Ford modellashtirish agentligiga qo'shilish uchun Nyu-York shahriga ko'chib o'tgan.

Thurman buddist tarbiyasini oldi va ikki yilni Shimoliy Hindistonning Uttarakxand shtatidagi Almora shahrida o'tkazdi[12][13]. U asosan Massachusets shtatining Amherst shahrida o'sgan, u erda Amherst mintaqaviy o'rta maktabiga borgan, keyin Nyu-Yorkning Vudstok shahriga ko'chib o'tgan. Uning otasining oldingi nikohidan Ganden (1967 yilda tug'ilgan), Dechen Karl (1973 yilda tug'ilgan)[14], va Mipam (1978 yilda tug'ilgan) va Taya ismli o'gay singlisi (1961 yilda tug'ilgan) uchta ukasi bor. Turmanning olib tashlangan birinchi amakivachchasi shved futbolchisi Maks fon Shlebryugge bo'ldi[15].

Karyera[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Model va aktyorlik boshlanishi (1985–1989)[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Turman o'z faoliyatini 15 yoshida model sifatida boshlagan[16] va Click Models agentligi bilan shartnoma tuzgan. Uning ilk modellik kreditlari orasida Glamour va 1985-yil dekabr va 1986-yil may oylarida Britaniya Vogue jurnalining muqovalari bor edi. U o'zining kino debyuti - 1987-yilda chiqarilgan "Dada xayrli tun o'pish " o'smirlar trilleri bilan aktyorlikka o'tdi. Keyinchalik Turman 1988-yilda uchta filmda rol o'ynadi - Jonni yaxshi bo'l, Baron Munxauzenning sarguzashtlari va eng muhimi, Xavfli aloqalar . " Jonni yaxshi bo'l " komediyasida u eng yaxshi o'rta maktab chorak himoyachisining qiz do'sti rolini o'ynadi va "Baron Munxauzenning sarguzashtlari" filmida u Venera ma'budasi sifatida qisqacha ko'rinish berdi; Kirish paytida u Botticelli " Veneraning tug'ilishi " asariga ehtirom sifatida qisqacha yalang'och ko'rinadi. Glenn Kloz va Jon Malkovich ishtirok etgan “Oskar” mukofotiga sazovor bo‘lgan “ Xavfli aloqalar ” dramasida Turman manipulyatsiyachi odam tomonidan zo‘rlangan sodda o‘smir rolini o‘ynadi. Rasm san'at ustasi muvaffaqiyatiga erishdi va Turman tanqidchilar va tomoshabinlar tomonidan tan olindi[17], kino tanqidchisi Rojer Ebert uni o'zining "qiyin" asosiy rolida "yaxshi rol ijro etgan" deb topdi[18]. O'sha paytda u o'zining tashqi ko'rinishiga ishonchsiz bo'lib, taxminan bir yilni Londonda o'tkazdi, bu vaqt davomida u ko'pincha bo'sh va keng kiyim kiyar edi. [19] Malkovich u haqida shunday dedi: "Unda o'spiringa o'xshagan hech narsa yo'q, men bu yoshda unga o'xshagan hech kimni uchratmaganman. Uning aql-zakovati va baquvvatligi alohida ajralib turadi. Ammo boshqa narsa bor. U biroz hayajonlangan[20]."

Ilk mashhurlik va pulp-fantastika (1990–1995)[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Thurman Gus Van Santning 1993 yilda Tom Robbinsning " Hatto Cowgirls Get the Blues " romaniga moslashuvida g'ayrioddiy katta bosh barmoqli yosh ayolni tasvirlagan. Film tanqidiy va tijoriy muvaffaqiyatsizlikka uchradi, natijada Turman " Eng yomon aktrisa " nominatsiyasida "Oltin malina" mukofotiga sazovor bo'ldi. The Washington Post uning harakatini sayoz deb ta'rifladi va shunday dedi: "Turmanning g'alati passiv xarakteristikasi protez bosh barmoqlarini chizish va bukishdan ko'ra chuqurroq emas".[21] Shuningdek, 1993-yilda u Robert De Niro va Bill Myurreyga qarshi “ Mahsum it va shon-shuhrat ” dramasida ofitsiant rolini o‘ynadi va Stenli Kubrik “ Urush vaqti yolg‘onlari ” romanining oxir-oqibat amalga oshirilmagan adaptatsiyasi uchun kastingda qatnashdi[22].

Turman 1994-yil Venetsiya xalqaro kinofestivalida

Bill avtohalokatini[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

2018-yilgi New-York Times gazetasiga bergan intervyusida Thurman 2003-yilda “Billni o‘ldirish ” filmi suratida qanday qilib jiddiy avtohalokatga uchraganini tasvirlab berdi, chunki Tarantino o‘zining haydash stunlarini bajarishini ta’kidlagan edi[23]. Halokatdan ikki hafta o'tgach, u voqea tasvirlarini ko'rishga harakat qildi. Turmanning ta'kidlashicha, Miramaks unga "kelajakdagi og'riqlarim va azob-uqubatlarimning har qanday oqibatlaridan xalos bo'lish" shartnomasini imzolagan taqdirdagina unga kadrlarni ko'rsatishga rozi bo'ladi, u rad etdi[23]. Halokat natijasida u bo'yin va tizzasidan doimiy jarohatlar oldi[23]. Keyinchalik Tarantino bu voqeani "hayotidagi eng katta afsus" deb atadi[24]. Keyinroq Turman Instagram’da Tarantino voqea uchun undan kechirim so‘ragani va o‘shandan beri u uni kechirganini [25] [26] yana u bilan ishlashga ochiqligini aniqladi[27].

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1987 Kiss Daddy Goodnight Laura
1988 Johnny Be Good Georgia Elkans
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Venus / Rose
Dangerous Liaisons Cécile de Volanges
1990 Where the Heart Is Daphne McBain
Henry &amp; June June Miller
1991 Robin Hood Maid Marian
1992 Final Analysis Diana Baylor
Jennifer 8 Helena Robertson
1993 Mad Dog and Glory Glory
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues Sissy Hankshaw
1994 Pulp Fiction Mia Wallace
1995 A Month by the Lake Miss Beaumont
1996 Beautiful Girls Andera
The Truth About Cats &amp; Dogs Noelle Sluarsky
Duke of Groove Maya Short film
1997 Batman &amp; Robin Dr. Pamela Isley / Poison Ivy
Gattaca Irene Cassini
1998 Les Misérables Fantine
The Avengers Emma Peel
1999 Sweet and Lowdown Blanche
2000 Vatel Anne de Montausier
The Golden Bowl Charlotte Stant
2001 Tape Amy Randall
Chelsea Walls Grace
2003 Paycheck Dr. Rachel Porter
Kill Bill: Volume 1 Beatrix Kiddo / The Bride
2004 Kill Bill: Volume 2
2005 Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind Kushana Voice (English version)
Be Cool Edie Athens
Prime Rafi Gardet
The Naked Brothers Band: The Movie Herself
The Producers Ulla
2006 My Super Ex-Girlfriend Jenny Johnson / G-Girl
2007 The Life Before Her Eyes Diana McFee (adult)
2008 The Accidental Husband Emma Lloyd Also producer
2009 Motherhood Eliza Welsh
2010 Percy Jackson &amp; the Olympians: The Lightning Thief Medusa
Ceremony Zoe
2012 Bel Ami Madeleine Forestier
Playing for Keeps Patti King
2013 Movie 43 Lois Lane Segment "Super Hero Speed Dating"
Nymphomaniac Mrs. H
2014 The Mundane Goddess Hera Short films
The Gift Miss Anderson
Jump Wendy
2015 Burnt Simone
2018 The Con Is On Harriet Fox
The House That Jack Built Lady 1
Down a Dark Hall Madame Simone Duret
2020 The War with Grandpa Sally Decker
2022 Hollywood Stargirl Roxanne Martel
Televizion
Yil Sarlavha Rol Eslatmalar
2000 Ajoyib Kitoblar Hikoyachi Ovoz
2002 yil Isterik ko'rlik Debbi Miller Ijrochi prodyuser



</br> Televizion film
2008 yil Mening sink to'shagim Elza Quinn Televizion film
Muppets Rojdestvosi: Qorboboga maktublar Quvonch Televizion film
2012 yil Smash Rebekka Duval 5 qism
2014 yil Amerikalik dada! Gven Ling Ovoz



</br> Epizod: " Hozir va Gven "
2015 yil Shapak Anouk Latham 6 epizod
2017–2018 yillar Firibgarlar Lenni Koen 6 epizod
2019 Palatalar Nensi Lefevre Bosh rol
2021 yil Tabiat Hikoyachi Ovoz
2022 Shubha Ketrin Nyuman Bosh rol
Super pompalangan Arianna Xaffington Bosh rol
Bosqich
Yil Sarlavha Rol Eslatmalar
1999 yil Mizantrop Celimene Classic Stage Company (Off-Broadway)
2017–18 Parijlik ayol Chloe Gudson teatri (Brodvey)

alar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

o'shimcha o'qish[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. „The Making of Pulp Fiction: Quentin Tarantino's and the Cast's Retelling“. Qaraldi: April 27, 2020. {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (yordam)
  2. „Quentin Tarantino and Uma Thurman: A Magnificent Obsession“. May 16, 2004. Qaraldi: January 19, 2022. {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (yordam)
  3. „Uma Thurman is bloody muse for Tarantino's 'Kill Bill' films“. The Daily Record. Associated Press (15-aprel 2004-yil). Qaraldi: 19-yanvar 2022-yil.
  4. „Uma Thurman“ (en). www.goldenglobes.com. Qaraldi: 5-fevral 2018-yil.
  5. „Who Makes How Much“. New York (16-sentabr 2005-yil). Qaraldi: 27-aprel 2020-yil.
  6. Collin, Robbie. „The House That Jack Built review: Lars von Trier shocks Cannes with a portrait of the artist as serial killer“ (en-GB). The Telegraph (15-may 2018-yil). Qaraldi: 27-aprel 2020-yil.
  7. „The Jury of the 64th Festival de Cannes“. Festival de Cannes (20-aprel 2011-yil). Qaraldi: 20-aprel 2011-yil.
  8. Jones. „Uma Thurman's 'Smash' Turn Is Emmy-Nominated, So Is Choreography and Music; Jim Parsons, Denis O'Hare, Tonys Also Honored“ (en). Playbill (19-iyul 2012-yil). Qaraldi: 5-fevral 2018-yil.
  9. „Thurman, Uma“. FilmReference.com. Qaraldi: 22-aprel 2014-yil.
  10. Kamenetz, Rodger. „Robert Thurman Doesn't Look Buddhist“. The New York Times (5-may 1996-yil). Qaraldi: 27-aprel 2020-yil.
  11. „Well Known Swedish Americans“. Qaraldi: 8-may 2020-yil.
  12. Wills. „Uma Thurman – Biography“. TalkTalk Group. 30-sentabr 2015-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi.
  13. „Uma Thurman wants to act in Bollywood“ (1-iyul 2011-yil). 18-may 2015-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 19-yanvar 2022-yil.
  14. „www.grahapada.com“. 5-fevral 2020-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi.
  15. Mads Haugaard. „Uma Thurman: Et mærkværdigt barn til megastjerne“ (29-aprel 2010-yil). 30-aprel 2010-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 20-oktabr 2010-yil.
  16. "Uma on Men, Movies and Motherhood", Harper's Bazaar, March 1998.
  17. Blau, Eleanor. „New Face: Uma Thurman; Prospects in 'Liaisons' Were Awesome at First“. The New York Times (30-dekabr 1998-yil). Qaraldi: 23-sentabr 2021-yil.
  18. „Dangerous Liaisons“. RogerEbert.com (13-yanvar 1989-yil). Qaraldi: 29-aprel 2017-yil.
  19. Manba xatosi: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named biochannel
  20. Dangerous Liaisons' Violated Beauty, Uma Thurman, 18, Is a Little Risky Herself“. People (6-fevral 1989-yil). Qaraldi: 27-aprel 2020-yil.
  21. Brown, Joe (May 20, 1994). "Even Cowgirls Get the Blues". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  22. Adler. „Uma Thurman Confesses to Kubrick's 'Wartime Lies'“. MTV (29-aprel 2008-yil). 5-oktabr 2015-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 19-yanvar 2022-yil.
  23. 23,0 23,1 23,2 Dowd, Maureen. „This Is Why Uma Thurman Is Angry“. The New York Times (3-fevral 2018-yil). Qaraldi: 23-sentabr 2021-yil.
  24. „Tarantino apologizes to Roman Polanski rape victim“. CBC News. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (8-fevral 2018-yil). Qaraldi: 11-fevral 2018-yil.
  25. Rife, Katie. „Uma Thurman forgives Quentin Tarantino—but not Harvey Weinstein—for crash on Kill Bill set“. The A.V. Club. London, England: Dennis Media (5-fevral 2018-yil). Qaraldi: 11-fevral 2018-yil.
  26. „Uma Thurman's Instagram posting with short sequence of the car crash video“. — „Quentin Tarantino, was deeply regretful and remains remorseful about this sorry event, and gave me the footage years later [...] he also did so with full knowledge it could cause him personal harm, and i am proud of him for doing the right thing and for his courage.“. 19-iyul 2022-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 30-avgust 2018-yil.
  27. „Uma Thurman Says 'Yes' to Reuniting With Quentin Tarantino, but His Planned Retirement Could Get in the Way“. IndieWire (5-may 2018-yil). Qaraldi: 14-avgust 2018-yil.