SAIC Motor

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SAIC Motor Corporation Limited
Turi Davlat korxonasi
Tarmogʻi Avtomobilsozlik
Hamkor tashkilotlari Davlat aktivlarini nazorat qilish va boshqarish bo'yicha Shanxay komissiyasi[1]
Ishga tushgan sanasi 2011 yil (SAIC Motor Corporation Limited)
1995 yil (Shanghai Automotive Industry Corp. (Group))
1955 yil (Shanghai Internal Combustion Engine Components Company)
Xoʻjayinlar Chen Zhixin (Prezident)
Chen Hong (Boshqaruv raisi)[2]
Mahsulot(lar)i yengil avtmobillar, tijorat avtomobil vositalari
Aylanma daromad US$101.7 millard (2014 yil)[3]
Ishchilar soni 144,955 (2013 yil)[4]
Vebsayti saicmotor.com/english/

SAIC Motor Corporation Limited ( SAIC, ilgari Shanxay Automotive Industry Corporation) - Xitoyning avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi davlat kompaniyasi bo'lib, qarorgohi Shanxayda joylashgan, kompaniya ko'pmillatli operatsiyalarga ega. Fortune Global 100 kompaniyasi va Xitoyning "Katta to'rtlik" avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilaridan biri bo'lib ( Changan Automobile, FAW Group va Dongfeng Motor Corporation bilan birgalikda ), kompaniya 2014 yilda xitoydagi avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi kompaniyalar orasida eng katta ishlab chiqarish hajmiga (4,5 milliondan ortiq transport vositalari) ega kompaniyadir. [5] Kompaniyaning ishlab chiqarish mahsulotlari to'liq iste'molchilar extiyojiga mo'ljallangan emas, SAIC'ning millionga yaqin yengil avtomobillarini tijorat avtomobillari taashkil qiladi.

SAIC kompaniyasining kelib chiqishi 1940-yillarda Xitoy avtomobilsozlik sanoatining dastlabki yillariga borib taqaladi, SAIC Mao XitoyidagiShanxay SH760-ni ishlab chiqaradigan avtomobilsozlaridan biri edi. Hozirgi vaqtda kompaniya Volkswagen qo'shma korxonasi bo'lgan qadimgi chet el avtomobilsozlik qo'shma korxonasida ishtirok etadi va 1998 yildan beri General Motorsning 40 foiz aktsiyalariga va bu kompaniya bilan qo'shma korxonasiga ega. SAIC mahsulotlari turli xil tovar nomlari, shu jumladan qo'shma korxonalarning sheriklari tomonidan sotiladi. SAICning o'ziga tegishli ikkita taniqli brend bor, bulardan biri bu MG, tarixiy Britaniyalik avtomobil markasi va Xitoyning hashamatli avtomobil markalaridan biri bo'lgan Roewe .

Tarix[tahrir]

1986 yil Shanxay SH760, 25 yildan ortiq vaqt davomida Shanxayning avtomobili xisoblanadi

2000 yilgacha kelib chiqishi[tahrir]

Kompaniya Ikkinchi Jahon urushi atrofida bir muncha vaqt Shanxayda tashkil etilgan avtomobil yig'ish zavodidan kelib chiqqan uzoq tarixga ega bo'lsa-da, SAIC, mahalliy raqiblari bo'lgan FAW Group va Dongfeng Motorsdan farqli o'laroq, yaqinda Xitoyning avtomobilsozlik sanoatida katta mavqega ega bo'ldi.[6]1970-larda kichik bir kompaniya bo'ligan SAIC ning o'sishiga, nafaqat avtomobillarga bo'lgan ichki talabning o'sishi bog'liq bolgan. 1984 yilda Volkswagen bilan tuzilgan hamkorlik shartnomasi, keyinchalik 1985 yil mart oyida xorijiy texnologiyalar bilan raqobatbardosh avtomobillarni ishlab chiqarishga imkon bergan Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive Co Ltd. kompaniyasining rasmiy tashkil etilgan. Shu bilan birga SAIC kompaniyasining ilk muvaffaqiyatlarini Shanxay ma'murlari tomonidan berilgan ko'rsatmalarning natijasi deb ham qarash mumkin. Boisi shuki, bir vaqtlar SAIC shunchaki Shanxay munitsipal hukumatining kengaytmasi edi. [7] Ushbu ikki sabab va boshqa sabablar natijasida, SAIC jadal suratlarda o'sishni boshladi. 1996 yilga qadar 11 yil mobaynida kompaniyaning yillik ishlab chiqarish hajmi qariyib o'n baravarga ya'ni 300 000 donagacha o'sdi va kompaniya o'zini Xitoyning yetakchi avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilardan biri sifatida tanildi. [8]

Ushbu davrda SAIC Shanxayda zamonaviy avtomobillarga butlovchi qismlarni noldan boshlab samarali ravishda barpo etdi [9] va mahalliy ishlab chiqarilgan avtomobilarning soni va sifati sezilarli darajada oshdi. Ilgari, Xitoyda Volkswagen [10] tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan yiqitiladigan to'plamlardan (knock-down kits) yig'ilgan avtomobillar Shanxayda ishlab chiqarilgan qismlardan ishlab chiqarilgan bo'lib, shaxar 1990-1996 yillarda avtomobil qismlarini ishlab chiqarishga qo'shgan hissasini bir necha baravarga oshirdi. [11] 1987 yilda Volkswagen Santana avtomobilda mahalliy qismlardan faqatgina shinalar, radio va antenna ishlatilgan bo'lsa[12] 1998 yilga kelib quyidagi avtomobilni ishlab chiqarishda ishlatiladigan komponentlarning 90% dan ortig'i mahalliylashtirilgan. [13] Shanxay shahar hukumati tomonidan belgilangan maqsad, bu mahalliy extiyot qismlarni ishlab chiqarish sanoatini yaratish, mahalliy hukumatning SAIC ni rivojlantirishga ta'sirining namunasidir.

1997 yil iyun oyida SAIC General Motors bilan birgalikda ikkinchi yirik qo'shma korxona - Shanxay General Motors Co Ltd ni tashkil etdi. [14] [15] Yangi qo'shma korxona 1998 yilda o'z faoliyatini boshladi va 2000 yildan 2004 yilgacha SAIC avtomobillarini ishlab chiqarishni ikki baravar oshirishga yordam berdi. [16] Dastlab, xorijiy avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilar bilan hamkorlik qilish, AQSh Visteon kabi komponentlar yetkazib beruvchilari bilan qo'shma korxonalar tashkil etish SAICning muvaffaqiyatiga olib kelishga tasir ko'rsatadi. [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2012)">iqtibos kerak</span> ]

2000 yildan 2010 yilgacha[tahrir]

2008 yilda boshlangan MG / Roewe 550

2000-yillarning boshlarida SAIC Koreyada bir necha haridlarni amalga oshirdi. Kompaniya 2002 yilda GMning Koreyadagi Daewoo avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisini sotib olishda ishtirok etdi, yangi tashkil etilgan GM Daewoo kompaniyasining 10 foiz ulushini 59,7 million AQSh dollariga sotib oldi. Bundan tashqari, 2004 yilda u inqiroz xolatida bo'lgan Janubiy Koreyaning SsangYong Motor avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisini kompaniyasining 48,9% egalikni bearadigan ulushini sotilb oldi va buning uchun 500 million AQSh dollarini to'ladi.   Taxminan shu vaqtga qadar SAIC o'zining sho'ba korxonalari uchun Shanghai Automotive Group xolding kompaniyasini yaratdi. [17]

O'n yillikning o'rtalarida SAIC Britaniyaning MG Rover avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisini sotib olishga urinib ko'rdi, ammo MG Rover 2005 yilda Xitoyning boshqa bir ishlab chiqaruvchisi bo'lmish Nanjing Automobile tomonidan sotib olingan edi. [18] SAIC kompaniyasi Roewe markasi ostida sotiladigan hashamatli sedanlarning yangi qatoriga kiritilgan [19] MG Rover texnologiyasini olishga muvaffaq bo'ldi va keyinchalik u yuqoridagi xittoy kompaniyasini ham sotib olishga muvoffaq bo'ldi. [20]

2000 yillar oxirida kompaniyaning savdo ko'rsatkichlari sezilarli ravishda oshdi va 2009 yil bu ko'rsatkich 2.72 million doan avtomobilni tashkil etdi, biroq 2004 yilda Koreyaning SUV rusumli avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisi bo'lgan Ssangyongning ishlari orqaga ketdi. 2009 yilning yanvar oyida, SAIC kompaniyaga qo'shimcha 45 million dollar sarmoya kiritdi va SsangYong Motor Company Koreyadagi kompaniyaning boshqaruviga topshirildi. 2010 yilga kelib SAIC ning koreys kompaniyasidagi 51.33% ulushi 10% ga qisqartirildi. 2009 yildagi Ssangyongning muvaffaqiyatsizligi, kompaniyaning ishchilari tomonidan uyushtirilgan 77 kunlik o'tirishni talab ko'rinishidagi namoyishchilari uyushtirgan va ular politsiya tomonidan to'xtatilgan.

2010 to present[tahrir]

Kuala-Lumpurda namoyish etilayotgan Maxus V80

2010 yilda SAIC 3,58 million dona avtomobil vositalari ishlab chiqardi, va bu ko'rsatkich o'sha yili Xitoydagi har qanday avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisining ko'rsatkichidan katta edi.

2011 yil fevral oyida SAIC kompaniyasi Maxus rusumidagi tijorat transport vositalarining yangi markasini namoyish etdi . [21]

2011 yil 13 aprelda MG Motor UK Longbridge zavodida ommaviy ishlab chiqarish qayta tiklandi va Buyuk Britaniyada birinchi MG 6 modelli avtomobil ishlab chiqarish qatoridan chiqazildi. [22] Ushbu zavod, ehtimol, Afrika va boshqa rivojlanayotgan mamlakatlarda o'xshash qurilmalar bilan bir qatorda CKD zavodidan biroz kattaroq edi. [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2013)">iqtibos kerak</span> ] 2010 yilda SAIC 3,97 million dona avtomobil vositalari ishlab chiqardi, va bu ko'rsatkich o'sha yili Xitoydagi har qanday avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisining ko'rsatkichidan katta edi.

2012 yil iyun oyida SAICning AQShda joylashgan Shanxay Automotive Industries Corp USA, Inc. shirkati Michigan shtatining Birmingem shahrida yangi Shimoliy Amerika operatsion markazini ochdi. [23] [24] [25] Ochilish marosimida Michigan gubernatori Rik Snayder, Oklend okrugi ijrochisi L. Bruks Patterson va General Motors va SAIC Motor kompaniyalari rahbarlari ishtirok etdi. 30000 kvadrat metrlik uch qavatli inshootda 100 ga yaqin xodimlar joylashadi.

2012 yilda SAIC qariyb 3,5 million dona mahsulot ishlab chiqarib mahalliy raqiblar orasida birinchi o'rinni saqlab qoldi. [26]

Birlashish va kompaniyaning nomini o'zgartirish[tahrir]

Bugungi SAIC ko'plab qo'shilish va korporativ qayta qurish natijasidir. Shanxay ichki yonish dvigatel komponentlari kompaniyasi 1955 yil dekabr oyida tashkil topgan. [14] 1958 yil mart oyida Shanxay ichki yonish dvigatellari tarkibiy qismlari kompaniyasi va Shanxay Powertrain uskunalarini ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasi Shanxay Powertrain Mashinalarini ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasiga birlashtirildi. 1960 yil yanvar oyida Shanxay Powertrain Mashina ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasi Shanxay qishloq xo'jaligi mashinalarini ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasi deb o'zgartirildi. 1969 yil aprel oyida Shanxay qishloq xo'jaligi mashinalari ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasi Shanxay traktor sanoat kompaniyasi deb o'zgartirildi. Shanxay Avtomobil va Traktor Kompaniyasi 1984 yil iyul oyida tashkil topgan. 1990 yil mart oyida Shanxay avtomobil va traktor kompaniyasi Shanxay avtomobilsozlik korporatsiyasi deb o'zgartirildi. Shanxay Avtomobilsozlik korporatsiyasi (Group) 1995 yil sentyabr oyida tashkil etilgan.

Operatsiyalar[tahrir]

Hozirgi kunda MG 6 Xitoyda ishlab chiqarilmoqda

Markalar[tahrir]

SAIC transport vositalarini turli markalar ostida sotadi. SAICga xos bo'lgan markalar qatoriga Maxus, [27] MG, [28] Roewe, va Yuejin kiradi. SAIC qo'shma korxonalari tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan mahsulotlar Baojun, [29] Buick, Chevrolet, [30] Iveco, [31] Shkoda, Volkswagen, [32] va Wuling singari markalarda sotiladi. [33]

Mahsulotlar[tahrir]

Maksus[tahrir]

MG Avtomobillari[tahrir]

Roewe[tahrir]

Qo'shma korxonalar[tahrir]

SAIC, Xitoyda ishlab chiqariladigan va sotiladigan General Motors va Volkswagen kabi yirik xalqaro kompaniyalar bilan hamkorlikda ishlaydi. Xitoy-xorijiy qo'shma korxonalar qatorida, SAIC quyidagi xorijiy hamkorlar bilan tuzilgan qo'shma korxonalarda ishtirok etadi:Nanjing Iveco Avto Co Ltd bilan ( "Yangi Naveco") o'z ichiga Iveco oladi, [34] SAIC Iveco Hongyan, [35] SAIC-GM-Wuling avtomobil, Shanghai Volkswagen avtomobil, Shanghai General Motors korporatsiyasi, Shanghai Sunvin Volvo bilan birgalikda, [36] va SAIC - Choren Pokphand Tailanddagi filiali uchun.

Ishlab chiqarish ob'ektlari[tahrir]

MG Motor UK HQ - SAIC UK Texnik va dizayn markazi.

SAIC Xitoyda ko'plab ishlab chiqarish ob'ektlariga ega, jumladan: Chongqing, Liujou, Qingdao, Shanxay, Shenyang va Yantay . [37] Uning Buyuk Britaniyada yig'ish zavodi, Longbridj zavodi, [38] Chonburi (Tailand) va Halol ( Hindiston) da zavodi bor.

Tadqiqot va ishlanmalar (R&D)[tahrir]

SAIC Buyuk Britaniyadagi yirik ilmiy-tadqiqot va ishlab chiqish markazi - SAIC Motor UK Texnik Markaziga ega, uning markazida 2012 yilga kelib 275 muhandis va 25 dizayner ishlaydi. [39] Buyuk Britaniya Texnik Markazi MG avtomobillarini ishlab chiqarish bo'yicha dunyodagi eng asosiy joy hisoblanadi [40] va u Roewe mahsulotlarini ishlab chiqishda katta rol o'ynaydi. [41]

2019 yil iyun oyida SAIC Motor o'zining Buyuk Britaniyaning Texnik markazini yopdi va natijada 300 dan ortiq muhandislar ishdan bo'shatildi.

Izohlar[tahrir]

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