Orchha

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Orchha
Shahar
Chaturbhuj Temple, Orchha.jpg
Facade of Jahangir Mahal.jpg
Lakshmi Temple, Orchha.jpg
Courtyard inside Raj Mahal.jpg
25°21′0″N 78°38′24″E / 25.35000°N 78.64000°E / 25.35000; 78.64000 G OKoordinatalari: 25°21′0″N 78°38′24″E / 25.35000°N 78.64000°E / 25.35000; 78.64000 G O
Aholisi
 (2001)
8 501 nafar
[[File:|290px|Orchha xaritada]]
Orchha
Orchha

Orchha - Hindistonning Madhya-Pradesh shtatining Nivari tumanidagi Nivari shahri yaqinidagi shaharcha. Shahar 1501-yildan keyin rajput hukmdori Rudra Pratap Singx tomonidan Bundelkand mintaqasida markaziy va shimoliy Hindistonning ayrim qismlarini qamrab olgan sobiq knyazlik davlatining qarorgohi sifatida tashkil etilgan[1]. Orcha Betva daryosida joylashgan[2].

Shahzoda Aurangzeb, Sayid Xon-i-Jahon, Abdullaxon Bahodir Firuz Jang va Xon Dauran boshchiligidagi Mug'al armiyasi Orchhaga kiradi.

Tarixi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Orchha 1531-yilda (eramizning XVI-asri)[3] Bundela boshligʻi Rudra Pratap Singx[4] tomonidan asos solingan, u Orchhaning birinchi qiroli (1501–1531 yillar hukmronligi) boʻlgan, shuningdek, Orchha qalʼasini qurgan[5]. Chaturbhuj ibodatxonasi Orchha malikasi Ganesh Kunvar (गणेश कुवर) tomonidan qurilgan, Raj Mandir esa "Raja Madhukar Shoh" tomonidan 1554-1591-yillarda qurilgan. Orchha 1635-yil oktabrda shahzoda Aurangzeb boshchiligidagi Mug‘al armiyasining imperator qo‘shinlari tomonidan qo‘lga olindi[6].

Ram Raja ibodatxonasidan Raja Mahal ko'rinishi

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) "Orchha" Encyclopædia Britannica 20 (11chi nashri) Cambridge University Press p. 170 
  2. „Orchha“. niwari district ] website. It is included in the UNESCO world heritage cities list in 2020.
  3. Orchha Tikamgarh district Official website.
  4. Sen, Sailendra. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books, 2013 — 187 bet. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  5. Mausoleum of Raja Rudra Pratap, British Library.
  6. „UQconnect, The University of Queensland“. Qaraldi: 23-iyul 2016-yil.

Tashqi havolalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]