D-segment

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2020-yilda Eng yaxshi sotilganlar
BMW 3 Series 7-avlod (2018–yil)
Volkswagen Passat 8-avlod (2015–yil)
Tesla Model 3 1-avlod (2018–yil)
Mercedes-Benz C-Class 5-avlod (2021–yil)

D-segmenti yengil avtomobillar uchun Evropa segmentlarining 4-toifasi bo'lib, "katta avtomobillar" sifatida tavsiflanadi.[1][2]

Bu Euro NCAP "katta oilaviy avtomobil" o'lchami sinfiga [3] va Shimoliy Amerikada qo'llaniladigan o'rta o'lchamli avtomobil va mushak avtomobillari toifasining hozirgi taʼrifiga teng.[4][5] ixcham premium avtomobillar ham D-segment o'lchami toifasiga kiradi.

D-segment savdolari taxminan. 2010-yillarda bozorning 7%ni tashkil qilgan.[6][7]

Xususiyatlari[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Ko'pgina D-segmentdagi avtomobillar sedanlar/salonlar yoki universallar/uy avtomobillardir, lekin xetchbeklar va kupelar keng tarqalgan.

D-segmentli avtomobillarning narxi va xususiyatlari arzon va qimmatroq modellargacha farq qilishi mumkin.

Hozirgi modellar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

2020-yilda Yevropada eng koʻp sotilgan D-segmentli oʻn beshta avtomobil BMW 3 Series, Volkswagen Passat, Tesla Model 3, Mercedes-Benz C-Class, Audi A4/S4/RS4, Škoda Superb, Volvo S60/V60, Peugeot 508, Audi A5/S5/RS5, Ford Mondeo, Opel/Vauxhall Insignia, BMW 4 Series, Volkswagen Arteon, Toyota Camry va Polestar 2.[8]

100.000 - 200.000 ta sotuvlar (eng ko'p sotilgan)

50.000 - 100.000 ta sotuvlar

10 000 - 50 000 ta sotuvlar

10 000 dan kam savdo

Evropada savdo ko'rsatkichlari[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

2020
o'rni
Brend Model 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 % o'zgarishi
(2019–2020)
1 BMW 3 Series 168,275 143,023 144,561 129,053 106,991 124,537 118,369 Decrease –5%
2 Volkswagen Passat 153,677 226,127 206,813 183,288 154,074 124,650 115,363 Decrease –7%
3 Tesla Model 3 95,168 85,979 Decrease –10%
4 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 136,474 173,011 176,038 176,915 150,995 143,293 81,909 Decrease –43%
5 Audi A4/S4/RS4 124,170 124,466 162,655 146,006 112,484 102,994 77,515 Decrease –25%
6 Škoda Superb 46,149 50,533 85,879 81,410 74,697 67,488 59,925 Decrease –11%
7 Volvo S60/V60 54,663 54,354 53,268 45,335 46,945 65,917 58,003 Decrease –12%
8 Peugeot 508 41,797 43,301 37,104 22,842 13,378 41,329 29,011 Decrease –30%
9 Audi A5/S5/RS5 47,591 45,202 43,686 61,619 49,799 41,812 28,525 Decrease –32%
10 Ford Mondeo 45,405 79,673 70,900 56,173 49,596 39,555 21,222 Decrease –46%
11 Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 92,694 88,544 73,161 72,347 67,424 45,925 21,133 Decrease –54%
12 BMW 4 Series 53,948 72,769 67,983 64,710 52,248 35,908 18,139 Decrease –49%
13 Volkswagen Arteon 0 9,798 21,495 19,048 13,582 Decrease –29%
14 Toyota Camry 0 7,640 9,119 +19%
15 Polestar Polestar 2 0 8,746 New
16 Renault Talisman 1,824 34,344 32,163 19,784 16,405 8,025 Decrease –51%
17 Alfa Romeo Giulia 0 10,475 24,679 17,075 10,932 7,436 Decrease –32%
18 Mazda Mazda6 31,032 30,519 29,226 23,090 23,090 22,048 6,950 Decrease –68%
19 Kia Optima 3,409 3,263 9,515 16,152 14,404 12,202 6,086 Decrease –50%
20 Subaru Legacy
Outback
6,415 10,806 8,242 7,016 7,460 7,504 3,844 Decrease –49%
21 Jaguar XE 0 16,535 24,461 18,999 10,877 7,978 3,780 Decrease –53%
22 Lexus IS 9,610 7,729 6,234 5,649 5,413 3,282 1,855 Decrease –43%
23 Kia Stinger 0 1,143 3,820 3,600 1,387 Decrease –61%
24 Subaru Levorg 2,437 4,689 2,865 1,748 1,395 825 Decrease –41%
25 Lexus RC 30 526 1,815 1,390 1,334 1,082 710 Decrease –34%
26 Hyundai i40 25,016 25,045 20,253 15,251 9,144 3,445 305 Decrease –91%
27 Infiniti Q50 2,426 3,020 2,698 1,777 1,471 563 71 Decrease –87%
28 Infiniti Q60 99 507 368 83 1 Decrease –99%
29 Toyota Avensis 28,972 33,197 34,998 25,319 17,277 897 0 Decrease –100%
30 Citroën DS5 12,569 11,888 9,130 5,738 2,720 145 0 Decrease –100%
31 Citroën C5 18,064 13,480 9,464 4,939 151 4 0 Decrease –100%
Volkswagen CC 16,064 10,215 6,750 712 424 replaced by Arteon
Honda Accord 3,499 1,918 49 16 21
Mainstream 527,783 619,474 625,185 542,947 450,035 - -
Premium 613,234 662,738 709,754 694,030 584,091 - -
Umumiy segment 1,046,829 787,815 Decrease -25%
Manba [9][10] [11][12] [13][14] [15][16] [17][18] [19] [20]

Eslatmalar:

2019-yildan keyin segmentning umumiy sotuviga o'tilgan, chunki premium avtomobillar kiritilgan.

2014-2018-yillarda premium avtomobillar umumiy segment sotuviga kiritilmagan.

Premium brendlar va modellar kursiv bilan belgilangan.

2019-yil - Ko'p yillik pasayishdan so'ng, o'rta o'lchamli avtomobillar segmenti 2019-yilda 1 foizga oshib, 1,05 million sotuvga yetdi va umumiy avtomobil bozorining 6,7 foiz ulushini saqlab qoldi. Biroq, agar Tesla Model 3 ning momaqaldiroq bilan kelishi bo'lmaganida, bu yil sinf yana 8 foizga pasaygan bo'lar edi.[21]

2020-yil - O'rta o'lchamli avtomobillar segmenti 2020-yilda 25% ga kamayib, 790 000 ga yaqin sotildi, chunki uning Yevropa avtomobil bozoridagi ulushi o'tgan yilgi nisbatan 6,7% dan 6,6% gacha pasaydi. Endi hashamatli brendlar ushbu sinf ustidan nazoratni rasman oʻz qoʻliga oldi va oʻtgan yilgi ulushini 60,5 foizdan 62,3 foizga oshirdi va eng yaxshi beshlikdan toʻrttasiga daʼvogarlik qildi. Top-3 o'yinchilarning barchasi ulushga ega bo'lib, nafaqat sinfdan, balki umumiy bozorda ham ustunlik qiladi.[22]

Tarixiy modellar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Eslatma: ushbu roʻyxatga oʻsha oʻn yilliklardagi avtomobillar kiritilgan boʻlib, ularda zamonaviy ekvivalentga boshqa nom yoki raqamli belgi koʻrsatilgan va baʼzi hollarda zamonaviy ekvivalenti yoʻq.

1960-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (1960) Peugeot 404
  • (1961) Fiat 1300
  • (1962) Ford Cortina
  • (1962) Alfa Romeo Giulia
  • (1963) Lancia Fulvia
  • (1964) Ostin/Morris 1800
  • (1964) Ford Mustang
  • (1964) Pontiac GTO
  • (1965) Renault 16
  • (1966) BMW 02 seriyali
  • (1966) Chevrolet Camaro
  • (1966) Hillman Hunter
  • (1967) Fiat 125
  • (1968) Peugeot 504
  • (1969) Renault 12

1970-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (1970) Dodge Challenger
  • (1970) Opel Ascona
  • (1970) Volkswagen K70
  • (1974) Fiat 132
  • (1972) Alfa Romeo Alfetta
  • (1972) Audi 80
  • (1972) Lancia Beta
  • (1972) Toyota Carina
  • (1973) Volkswagen Passat
  • (1974) Volvo 200 seriyali
  • (1975) BMW 3 seriyali (E21)
  • (1975) Leyland malika
  • (1975) Vauxhall Cavalier
  • (1976) Honda Accord
  • (1978) Audi 80
  • (1978) Peugeot 305
  • (1978) Renault 18
  • (1978) Saab 900

1980-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (1981) Volkswagen Passat (B2)
  • (1982) BMW 3 seriyali (E30)
  • (1982) Citroen BX
  • (1982) Ford Sierra
  • (1982) Mercedes-Benz 190E
  • (1982) Nissan Stanza
  • (1984) Ostin Montego
  • (1984) Hyundai Stellar
  • (1985) Alfa Romeo 75
  • (1985) Fiat Croma
  • (1986) Renault 21
  • (1987) Peugeot 405
  • (1988) Audi 80 B3
  • (1988) Opel Vectra / Vauxhall Cavalier
  • (1988) Volkswagen Passat B3
  • (1989) Fiat Tempra
  • (1989) Hyundai Sonata

1990-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (1990) BMW 3 seriyali (E36)
  • (1990) Nissan Primera
  • (1991) Audi 80 B4
  • (1991) Volvo 850
  • (1992) Alfa Romeo 155
  • (1992) Ford Mondeo
  • (1993) Citroën Xantia
  • (1993) Renault Laguna
  • (1993) Rover 600 seriyali
  • (1993) Volkswagen_Passat_(B4)
  • (1994) Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W202)
  • (1994) Saab 900
  • (1995) Opel/Vauxhall Vectra
  • (1995) Peugeot 406
  • (1996) Audi A4 B5
  • (1997) Alfa Romeo 156
  • (1997) Volkswagen Passat (B5)
  • (1997) Volvo S70
  • (1998) BMW 3 seriyali (E46)
  • (1998) Saab 9-3
  • (1998) Toyota Avensis
  • (1999) Kia Clarus
  • (1999) Lancia Lybra
  • (1999) Lexus IS

2000-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (2000) Ford Mondeo
  • (2000) Volvo S60
  • (2001) Audi A4 B6
  • (2001) Citroen C5
  • (2001) Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W203)
  • (2001) Renault Laguna II
  • (2001) Škoda Superb
  • (2002) Jaguar X-Type
  • (2002) Opel/Vauxhall Vectra
  • (2003) Acura TSX
  • (2003) Infiniti G25/35
  • (2003) Saab 9-3
  • (2004) Acura TL
  • (2004) Peugeot 407
  • (2005) Alfa Romeo 159
  • (2005) BMW 3 seriyali (E90)
  • (2005) Fiat Croma
  • (2005) Renault Samsung SM5 II
  • (2006) Audi A4 B7
  • (2006) Cadillac BLS
  • (2006) Lexus IS (XE20)
  • (2006) Linkoln Zefir/MKZ
  • (2006) Volkswagen Passat (B6)
  • (2007) Renault Laguna III
  • (2008) Acura TSX
  • (2008) Audi A5 8T/8F
  • (2008) Citroen C5
  • (2008) Ford Mondeo
  • (2008) Infiniti G37
  • (2008) Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W204)
  • (2008) Škoda Superb
  • (2008) Volkswagen CC
  • (2009) Audi A4 B8
  • (2009) Acura TL
  • (2009) Lexus HS
  • (2009) Opel/Vauxhall Insignia / Buick Regal
  • (2009) Renault Samsung SM5 III
  • (2009) Seat Exeo

2010-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (2010) Peugeot 508
  • (2011) DS 5
  • (2011) Hyundai i40
  • (2011) Volkswagen Passat (B7)
  • (2011) Volvo S60
  • (2012) BMW 3 seriyali (F30)
  • (2013) BMW 4 seriyali (F32)
  • (2013) Cadillac ATS
  • (2014) DS 5LS
  • (2014) Ford Mondeo / Fusion
  • (2014) Infiniti Q50
  • (2014) Lexus IS (XE30)
  • (2014) Linkoln MKZ
  • (2015) Acura TLX
  • (2015) Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W205)
  • (2015) Renault Talisman
  • (2015) Volkswagen Passat (B8)
  • (2016) Alfa Romeo Giulia (952)
  • (2016) Audi A4 B9
  • (2016) Audi A5 8W6
  • (2016) Jaguar XE
  • (2016) Škoda Superb III
  • (2017) Opel/Vauxhall Insignia / Buick Regal
  • (2018) Ibtido G70
  • (2018) Kia Stinger
  • (2018) Volkswagen Arteon
  • (2019) BMW 3 seriyali (G20)
  • (2019) BMW 4 seriyali (G22)
  • (2019) Volvo S60

2020-yillar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  • (2020) Cadillac CT4
  • (2021) DS 9
  • (2022) Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W206)

Shuningdek qarang[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. „europa“.
  2. „asia“.
  3. „reyting“.
  4. „wardauuto“.
  5. „sayt“.
  6. „18“.
  7. „19“.
  8. „21“.
  9. „carsales“.
  10. „2“.
  11. „3“.
  12. „4“.
  13. „5“.
  14. „6“.
  15. „7“.
  16. „8“.
  17. „9“.
  18. „11“.
  19. „12“.
  20. „14“.
  21. „15“.
  22. „16“.