Yupiterning yo'ldoshlari

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Yupiter va uning to'rtta eng katta yo'ldoshi

Yupiterning ichki yoʻldoshlaridan paydo bo'lgan yoʻldoshlarini hisobga olmaganda 80 ta yoʻldoshi maʼlum. Ularning barchasi birgalikda Yovian tizimi deb ataladigan sun'iy yo'ldosh tizimini tashkil qiladi. Oylarning eng massivlari to'rtta Galiley yo'ldoshidir: Io, Europa, Ganymede va Callisto, ular 1610-yilda Galiley Galiley va Simon Marius tomonidan mustaqil ravishda kashf etilgan va Yer va Quyosh bo'lmagan jismni aylanib chiqadigan birinchi jismlar bo'lgan.1892 yildan boshlab, o'nlab ancha kichikroq Yovian yo'ldoshlari aniqlandi va ular sevishganlar (yoki boshqa jinsiy sheriklar) yoki Rim xudosi Yupiter yoki uning yunoncha ekvivalenti Zevsning qizlarining ismlarini oldilar. Galiley yo'ldoshlari Yupiter orbitasidagi eng katta va eng massiv jismlar bo'lib, qolgan 76 ta ma'lum bo'lgan yo'ldoshlar va halqalar umumiy orbita massasining atigi 0,003% ni tashkil qiladi.

Yupiterning yo'ldoshlaridan sakkiztasi muntazam yo'ldoshlar bo'lib, ular Yupiterning ekvator tekisligiga nisbatan unchalik moyil bo'lmagan prograd va deyarli aylana orbitalariga ega. Galiley sun'iy yo'ldoshlari sayyora massasi tufayli deyarli sharsimon shaklga ega va shuning uchun ular Quyosh atrofida to'g'ridan-to'g'ri orbitada bo'lganlarida, mitti sayyoralar deb hisoblanadilar. Boshqa to'rtta muntazam sun'iy yo'ldoshlar ancha kichikroq va Yupiterga yaqinroq; bular Yupiter halqalarini tashkil etuvchi chang manbalari bo'lib xizmat qiladi. Yupiterning qolgan yo'ldoshlari tartibsiz sun'iy yo'ldoshlar bo'lib, ularning prograd va retrograd orbitalari Yupiterdan ancha uzoqda joylashgan va yuqori moyillik va ekssentrikliklarga ega. Ehtimol, bu yo'ldoshlar Yupiter tomonidan quyosh orbitalaridan olingan.

Xususiyatlari[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Galiley oylari. Chapdan o'ngga, Yupiterdan masofani oshirish tartibida: Io ; Yevropa ; Ganymede ; Kallisto .

Oylarning fizik va orbital xususiyatlari juda xilma-xildir. To'rtta Galileyning hammasi 3,100 kilometr (1,900 mi) diametri; eng katta Galiley, Ganymede, Quyosh tizimidagi to'qqizinchi yirik ob'ekt bo'lib, Quyosh va ettita sayyoradan keyin, Ganimed Merkuriydan kattaroqdir. Ularning orbital shakllari deyarli mukammal dumaloqdan yuqori eksantrik va eğimligacha o'zgarib turadi va ko'pchiligi Yupiterning aylanishiga teskari yo'nalishda aylanadi ( retrograd harakat ). Orbital davrlar etti soatdan (Yupiterning o'z o'qi atrofida aylanishiga qaraganda kamroq vaqt talab etadi), taxminan uch ming marta ko'proq.

Kelib chiqishi va evolyutsiyasi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yovian oylarining nisbiy massalari. Evropadan kichikroqlar bu miqyosda ko'rinmaydi va birlashtirilganda faqat 100 × kattalashtirishda ko'rinadi.

Yupiterning muntazam sun'iy yo'ldoshlari aylana diskidan, to'plangan gaz halqasidan va protoplanetar diskga o'xshash qattiq qoldiqlardan hosil bo'lgan deb hisoblaniladi.[1] [2] Ular Yupiter tarixining boshida paydo bo'lgan Galiley massasidagi sun'iy yo'ldoshlarning qoldiqlari bo'lishi mumkin.[1] [3]

Simulyatsiyalar shuni ko'rsatadiki, har qanday vaqtda disk nisbatan yuqori massaga ega bo'lsa-da, vaqt o'tishi bilan quyosh tumanligidan olingan Yupiter massasining katta qismi (bir necha o'n foiz) u orqali o'tgan. Biroq, mavjud sun'iy yo'ldoshlarni tushuntirish uchun Yupiterning proto-disk massasining atigi 2% talab qilinadi.[1] Oylarning har bir avlodi diskdan tortilishi tufayli Yupiterga aylanib o'tgan bo'lishi mumkin, yangi oylar esa quyosh tumanligidan olingan yangi qoldiqlardan hosil bo'lgan.[1] Hozirgi avlod paydo bo'lganda, disk yupqalashib, oy orbitalariga katta xalaqit bermay qo'ydi.[3] Hozirgi Galiley yo'ldoshlari hali ham Io, Evropa va Ganymede uchun mavjud bo'lgan orbital rezonansga tushib, qisman himoyalangan holda ta'sirlangan.

Tashqi, tartibsiz yo'ldoshlar qoldiq asteroidlardan kelib chiqqan deb taxmin qilinadi, holbuki protolunar disk hali ham ularning impulslarining katta qismini o'zlashtirib, ularni orbitaga olib chiqish uchun etarlicha katta edi. Ko'pchilik mexanik stresslar yoki keyinchalik boshqa kichik jismlar bilan to'qnashuv natijasida parchalanib, bugungi kunda biz ko'rayotgan oylarni hosil qilgan deb ishoniladi.[4]

Kashfiyot[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yupiter va Galiley yo'ldoshlari Meade LX200 teleskopi orqali .

Xitoylik tarixchi Si Tszzongning ta'kidlashicha, Yovian oyining (Ganymede yoki Callisto) eng qadimgi yozuvi xitoylik astronom Gan De tomonidan miloddan avvalgi 364-yilda "qizil yulduz" bilan bog'liq kuzatuvlar haqidagi eslatmalarda ham keltirilgan.[5] Biroq, Yupiter sun'iy yo'ldoshlarining birinchi aniq kuzatuvlari 1609 yilda Galiley Galileyning kuzatuvlari edi.[6] 1610-yil yanvariga kelib, u oʻzining 20 marta kattalashtiruvchi teleskopi bilan toʻrtta ulkan Galiley oyini koʻrdi va natijalarini 1610-yil martida eʼlon qildi.[7]

Simon Marius Galileydan bir kun o'tib oylarni mustaqil ravishda kashf etdi, garchi u 1614 yilgacha bu boradagi kitobini nashr etmagan. Shunga qaramay, Marius tomonidan berilgan ismlar bugungi kunda ishlatiladi: Ganymede, Callisto, Io va Europa.[8] EE Barnard 1892 yilda Amalteyani kuzatguniga qadar bo'lgan davrda hech qanday qo'shimcha sun'iy yo'ldoshlar topilmadi.[9]

Teleskopik fotografiya yordamida 20-asr davomida qo'shimcha kashfiyotlar tezda amalga oshirildi. Himoliya 1904 yilda,[10] Elara 1905 yilda, [11] Pasifa 1908 yilda, [12] Sinope 1914 yilda, [13] Liziteya va Karme 1938 yilda, [14] Ananke 1951 yilda [15] va Leda 1974 yilda kashf etilgan. [16] Voyajer kosmik zondlari Yupiterga yetib borgunga qadar, taxminan 1979-yilda, 1975-yilda kuzatilgan Themistoni hisobga olmaganda, 13 ta yoʻldosh topildi [17], ammo dastlabki kuzatish maʼlumotlari yetarli boʻlmagan. Voyajer kosmik kemasi 1979 yilda qo'shimcha uchta ichki yo'ldoshni kashf etdi: Metis, Adrastea va Thebe . [18]

Yigirma yil davomida qo'shimcha yo'ldoshlar topilmadi, ammo 1999 yil oktyabridan 2003 yil fevraligacha tadqiqotchilar sezgir yerga asoslangan detektorlar yordamida yana 34 ta yo'ldoshni topdilar.[19] Bular uzun, eksantrik, odatda retrograd orbitalarda joylashgan va o'rtacha kichik oylardir. Ushbu yo'ldoshlarning barchasi asteroid yoki kometa jismlari bo'lib, bir necha bo'laklarga bo'lingan deb taxmin qilinadi.[20] [21]

2015 yilga kelib jami 15 ta qoʻshimcha yoʻldosh topildi. [21] Yana ikkitasi 2017-yilda Karnegi fan institutida Skott S. Sheppard boshchiligidagi guruh tomonidan topilib, ularning umumiy soni 69 taga yetdi [22] 2018-yilning 17-iyulida Xalqaro Astronomiya Ittifoqi Sheppard jamoasi Yupiter atrofida yana o‘nta yo‘ldoshni kashf etganini va ularning umumiy soni 79 taga yetganini tasdiqladi [23] Ular orasida Valetudo ham bor, u prograd orbitasiga ega, biroq retrograd orbitalariga ega bo'lgan bir nechta yo'ldoshlar bilan yo'llarni kesib o'tadi va oxir-oqibat bir nuqtada to'qnashuvga olib keladi. [23]

Nomlash[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yupiter atrofidagi Galiley yo'ldoshlari  Jupiter ·   Io ·   Europa ·   Ganymede ·   Callisto

Yupiterning Galiley yoʻldoshlari ( Io, Europa, Ganymed va Callisto ) 1610-yilda kashf etilganidan soʻng koʻp oʻtmay Simon Marius tomonidan nomlandi[24] Biroq, bu nomlar 20-asrgacha e'tibordan chetda qoldi. Astronomiya adabiyoti buning o'rniga oddiygina "Yupiter I", "Yupiter II" va hokazo yoki "Yupiterning birinchi sun'iy yo'ldoshi", "Yupiterning ikkinchi sun'iy yo'ldoshi" va boshqa yo'llardan foydalanib keldi.[24] Io, Europa, Ganymede va Callisto nomlari 20-asrning o'rtalarida mashhur bo'ldi [25], qolgan oylar esa nomsiz qoldi va odatda V (5) dan XII (12) gacha rim raqamlari bilan raqamlangan.[26] [27] Yupiter V 1892 yilda kashf etilgan va mashhur bo'lsa-da, norasmiy konventsiyaga ko'ra Amalteya nomi berilgan, bu nom birinchi marta frantsuz astronomi Kamil Flammarion tomonidan ishlatilgan.[19] [28]

Yupiter yo'ldoshlar jadvali[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Belgilar*
 
Ichki yo'ldoshlar

Galiley yo'ldoshlar

Guruhlanmagan yo'ldoshlar

Himoliya guruhi

Ananke guruhi

Karme guruhi

Pasiphae guruhi

[note 1]
Belgi
[note 2]
Nomi Talaffuzi Tasvir Abs.
magn.
Diametri (km)[29][note 3] Massa
(×1016 kg)[30][note 4]
Yarim katta o'q
(km)[31]
Orbital davr (d)
[31][note 5]
Nishab
(°)[31]
Eksantriklik
[29]
Kashfiyot yili[19] Kashfiyotchi[19] Guruh
[note 6]
1 XVI Metis /ˈmtəs/
Metis.jpg
10.5 43
(60 × 40 × 34)
≈ 3.6 128000 +0.2948
(+7h 04m 29s)
0.060 0.0002 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
2 XV Adrastea /ædrəˈstə/
Adrastea.jpg
12.0 16.4
(20 × 16 × 14)
≈ 0.20 129000 +0.2983
(+7h 09m 30s)
0.030 0.0015 1979 Jewitt
(Voyager 2)
Inner
3 V Amalthea /æməlˈθə/[32]
Amalthea (moon).png
7.1 167
(250 × 146 × 128)
208 181400 +0.4999
(+11h 59m 53s)
0.374 0.0032 1892 Barnard Inner
4 XIV Thebe /ˈθb/
Thebe.jpg
9.0 98.6
(116 × 98 × 84)
≈ 43 221900 +0.6761
(+16h 13m 35s)
1.076 0.0175 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
5 Io /ˈ/
−1.7 3643.2
(3660 × 3637 × 3631)
8931900 421800 +1.7627 0.050[33] 0.0041 1610 Galileo Galilean
6 II Europa /jʊəˈrpə/[34]
Europa-moon-with-margins.jpg
−1.4 3121.6 4799800 671100 +3.5255 0.470[33] 0.0090 1610 Galileo Galilean
7 III Ganymede /ˈɡænəmd/[35][36]
Ganymede - Perijove 34 Composite.png
−2.1 5268.2 14819000 1070400 +7.1556 0.200[33] 0.0013 1610 Galileo Galilean
8 IV Callisto /kəˈlɪst/
Callisto.jpg
−1.2 4820.6 10759000 1882700 +16.690 0.192[33] 0.0074 1610 Galileo Galilean
9 XVIII Themisto /θəˈmɪst/
S 2000 J 1.jpg
12.9 9 ≈ 0.038 7398500 +130.03 43.8 0.340 1975/2000 Kowal & Roemer/
Sheppard et al.
Themisto
10 XIII Leda /ˈldə/
Leda WISE-W3.jpg
12.7 21.5 ≈ 0.52 11146400 +240.93 28.6 0.162 1974 Kowal Himalia
11 LXXI Ersa /ˈɜːrsə/
Ersa CFHT precovery 2003-02-24.png
15.9 3 ≈ 0.0014 11401000 +249.23 29.1 0.116 2018 Sheppard et al. Himalia
12 VI Himalia /hɪˈmliə/
Cassini-Huygens Image of Himalia.png
7.9 139.6
(150 × 120)
420 11440600 +250.56 28.1 0.160 1904 Perrine Himalia
13 LXV Pandia /pænˈdə/
Pandia CFHT precovery 2003-02-28.png
16.2 3 ≈ 0.0014 11481000 +251.91 29.0 0.179 2017 Sheppard et al. Himalia
14 X Lysithea /lˈsɪθiə/
Lysithea2.jpg
11.2 42.2 ≈ 3.9 11700800 +259.20 27.2 0.117 1938 Nicholson Himalia
15 VII Elara /ˈɛlərə/
Elara - New Horizons.png
9.6 79.9 ≈ 27 11712300 +259.64 27.9 0.211 1905 Perrine Himalia
16 LIII Dia /ˈdə/
Dia-Jewitt-CFHT image-crop.png
16.3 4 ≈ 0.0034 12260300 +278.21 29.0 0.232 2000 Sheppard et al. Himalia
17 XLVI Carpo /ˈkɑːrp/
Carpo CFHT 2003-02-25 annotated.gif
16.1 3 ≈ 0.0014 17042300 +456.29 53.2 0.416 2003 Sheppard et al. Carpo
18 LXII Valetudo /væləˈtjd/
Valetudo CFHT precovery 2003-02-28 annotated.gif
17.0 1 ≈ 0.000052 18694200 +527.61 34.5 0.217 2016 Sheppard et al. Valetudo
19 XXXIV Euporie /ˈjpər/
Euporie-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.3 2 ≈ 0.00042 19265800 −550.69 145.7 0.148 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
20 LV S/2003 J 18
2003 J 18 CFHT recovery full.gif
16.5 2 ≈ 0.00042 20336300 −598.12 145.3 0.090 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
21 LX Eupheme /jˈfm/
Eupheme CFHT 2003-02-25 annotated.gif
16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 20768600 −617.73 148.0 0.241 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
22 LII S/2010 J 2
2010 J 2 CFHT discovery full.gif
17.3 1 ≈ 0.000052 20793000 −618.84 148.1 0.248 2010 Veillet Ananke
23 LIV S/2016 J 1
2016 J 1 CFHT 2003-02-26 annotated.gif
16.8 1 ≈ 0.000052 20802600 −618.49 144.7 0.232 2016 Sheppard et al. Ananke
24 XL Mneme /ˈnm/
Mneme Discovery Image.jpg
16.3 2 ≈ 0.00042 20821000 −620.07 148.0 0.247 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
25 XXXIII Euanthe /jˈænθ/
Euanthe-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.4 3 ≈ 0.0014 20827000 −620.44 148.0 0.239 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
26 S/2003 J 16
2003 J 16 CFHT recovery full.gif
16.3 2 ≈ 0.00042 20882600 −622.88 148.0 0.243 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
27 XXII Harpalyke /hɑːrˈpælək/
Harpalyke-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.9 4 ≈ 0.0034 20892100 −623.32 147.7 0.232 2000 Sheppard et al. Ananke
28 XXXV Orthosie /ɔːrˈθz/
Orthosie-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 20901000 −622.59 144.3 0.299 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
29 XLV Helike /ˈhɛlək/
Helike CFHT 2003-02-25 annotated.gif
16.0 4 ≈ 0.0034 20915700 −626.33 154.4 0.153 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
30 XXVII Praxidike /prækˈsɪdək/
Praxidike-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
14.9 7 ≈ 0.018 20935400 −625.39 148.3 0.246 2000 Sheppard et al. Ananke
31 LXIV S/2017 J 3
2017 J 3 CFHT 2003-12-25 annotated.gif
16.5 2 ≈ 0.00042 20941000 −625.60 147.9 0.231 2017 Sheppard et al. Ananke
32 S/2003 J 12
2003 J 12 Gladman CFHT annotated.gif
17.0 1 ≈ 0.000052 20963100 −627.24 150.0 0.235 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
33 LXVIII S/2017 J 7 16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 20964800 −626.56 147.3 0.233 2017 Sheppard et al. Ananke
34 XLII Thelxinoe /θɛlkˈsɪn/ 16.3 2 ≈ 0.00042 20976000 −628.03 150.6 0.228 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
35 XXIX Thyone /θˈn/
Thyone-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.8 4 ≈ 0.0034 20978000 −627.18 147.5 0.233 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
36 S/2003 J 2
2003 J 2 Gladman CFHT annotated.gif
16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 20997700 −628.79 150.2 0.225 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
37 XII Ananke /əˈnæŋk/
Ananké.jpg
11.7 29.1 ≈ 1.3 21034500 −629.79 147.6 0.237 1951 Nicholson Ananke
38 XXIV Iocaste /əˈkæst/
Iocaste-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.4 5 ≈ 0.0065 21066700 −631.59 148.8 0.227 2000 Sheppard et al. Ananke
39 XXX Hermippe /hərˈmɪp/
Ερμίππη.gif
15.6 4 ≈ 0.0034 21108500 −633.90 150.2 0.219 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
40 LXX S/2017 J 9 16.1 3 ≈ 0.0014 21768700 −666.11 155.5 0.200 2017 Sheppard et al. Ananke
41 LVIII Philophrosyne /fɪləˈfrɒzən/ 16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 22604600 −702.54 146.3 0.229 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
42 XXXVIII Pasithee /ˈpæsəθ/
Pasithee-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.8 2 ≈ 0.00042 22846700 −719.47 164.6 0.270 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
43 LXIX S/2017 J 8
2017 J 8 CFHT precovery full.gif
17.0 1 ≈ 0.000052 22849500 −719.76 164.8 0.255 2017 Sheppard et al. Carme
44 S/2003 J 24 16.6 3 ≈ 0.0014 22887400 −721.60 164.5 0.259 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
45 XXXII Eurydome /jʊəˈrɪdəm/
Eurydome-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.2 3 ≈ 0.0014 22899000 −717.31 149.1 0.294 2001 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
46 LVI S/2011 J 2 16.8 1 ≈ 0.000052 22909200 −718.32 151.9 0.355 2011 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
47 S/2003 J 4
2003 J 4 Gladman CFHT annotated.gif
16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 22926500 −718.10 148.2 0.328 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
48 XXI Chaldene /kælˈdn/
Chaldene-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.0 4 ≈ 0.0034 22930500 −723.71 164.7 0.265 2000 Sheppard et al. Carme
49 LXIII S/2017 J 2
2017 J 2 CFHT 2003-02-26 annotated.gif
16.4 2 ≈ 0.00042 22953200 −724.71 164.5 0.272 2017 Sheppard et al. Carme
50 XXVI Isonoe /ˈsɒn/
Isonoe-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.0 4 ≈ 0.0034 22981300 −726.27 164.8 0.249 2000 Sheppard et al. Carme
51 XLIV Kallichore /kəˈlɪkər/ 16.4 2 ≈ 0.00042 23021800 −728.26 164.8 0.252 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
52 XXV Erinome /ɛˈrɪnəm/ (?)
Erinome-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.0 3 ≈ 0.0014 23032900 −728.48 164.4 0.276 2000 Sheppard et al. Carme
53 XXXVII Kale /ˈkl/
Kale-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.4 2 ≈ 0.00042 23052600 −729.64 164.6 0.262 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
54 LVII Eirene /ˈrn/ 15.8 4 ≈ 0.0034 23055800 −729.84 164.6 0.258 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
55 XXXI Aitne /ˈtn/
Aitne-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.0 3 ≈ 0.0014 23064400 −730.10 164.6 0.277 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
56 XLVII Eukelade /jˈkɛləd/
Eukelade s2003j1movie arrow.gif
15.9 4 ≈ 0.0034 23067400 −730.30 164.6 0.277 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
57 XLIII Arche /ˈɑːrk/
Bigs2002j1barrow.png
16.2 3 ≈ 0.0014 23097800 −731.88 164.6 0.261 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
58 XX Taygete /tˈɪət/
Taygete-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.5 5 ≈ 0.0065 23108000 −732.45 164.7 0.253 2000 Sheppard et al. Carme
59 LXXII S/2011 J 1 16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 23124500 −733.21 164.6 0.271 2011 Sheppard et al. Carme
60 XI Carme /ˈkɑːrm/
Carmé.jpg
10.6 46.7 ≈ 5.3 23144400 −734.19 164.6 0.256 1938 Nicholson Carme
61 L Herse /ˈhɜːrs/ 16.5 2 ≈ 0.00042 23150500 −734.52 164.4 0.262 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
62 LXI S/2003 J 19 16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 23156400 −734.78 164.7 0.265 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
63 LI S/2010 J 1
2010 J 1 CFHT image.gif
16.4 2 ≈ 0.00042 23189800 −736.51 164.5 0.252 2010 Jacobson et al. Carme
64 S/2003 J 9
2003 J 9 Gladman CFHT annotated.gif
16.9 1 ≈ 0.000052 23199400 −736.86 164.8 0.263 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
65 LXVI S/2017 J 5 16.5 2 ≈ 0.00042 23206200 −737.28 164.8 0.257 2017 Sheppard et al. Carme
66 LXVII S/2017 J 6 16.4 2 ≈ 0.00042 23245300 −733.99 149.7 0.336 2017 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
67 XXIII Kalyke /ˈkælək/
Kalyke-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.4 6.9 ≈ 0.017 23302600 −742.02 164.8 0.260 2000 Sheppard et al. Carme
68 XXXIX Hegemone /həˈɛmən/ 15.9 3 ≈ 0.0014 23348700 −739.81 152.6 0.358 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
69 VIII Pasiphae /pəˈsɪf/
Pasiphaé.jpg
10.1 57.8 ≈ 10 23468200 −743.61 148.4 0.412 1908 Melotte Pasiphae
70 XXXVI Sponde /ˈspɒnd/
Sponde-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
16.7 2 ≈ 0.00042 23543300 −748.29 149.3 0.322 2001 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
71 (lost) S/2003 J 10
2003 J 10 Gladman CFHT annotated.gif
16.8 2 ≈ 0.00042 23576300 −755.43 164.4 0.264 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme?
72 XIX Megaclite /ˌmɛɡəˈklt/
Megaclite-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.0 5 ≈ 0.0065 23644600 −752.86 149.8 0.421 2000 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
73 XLVIII Cyllene /səˈln/ 16.3 2 ≈ 0.00042 23654700 −751.97 146.8 0.419 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
74 IX Sinope /səˈnp/
Sinopé.jpg
11.1 35 ≈ 2.2 23683900 −758.85 157.3 0.264 1914 Nicholson Pasiphae
75 LIX S/2017 J 1
2016 J 1 CFHT 2003-02-26 annotated.gif
16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 23744800 −756.41 145.8 0.328 2017 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
76 XLI Aoede /ˈd/ 15.6 4 ≈ 0.0034 23778200 −761.46 155.7 0.436 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
77 XXVIII Autonoe /ɔːˈtɒn/
Autonoe-discovery-CFHT-annotated.gif
15.5 4 ≈ 0.0034 23792500 −761.00 150.8 0.330 2001 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
78 XVII Callirrhoe /kəˈlɪr/
Callirrhoe - New Horizons.gif
13.9 9.6 ≈ 0.046 23795500 −758.86 145.1 0.297 1999 Scotti et al. Pasiphae
79 S/2003 J 23
S2003j23ccircle.gif
16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 23829300 −760.00 144.7 0.313 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae
80 XLIX Kore /ˈkɔːr/
Kore s2003j14movie circled.gif
16.6 2 ≈ 0.00042 24205200 −776.76 141.5 0.328 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphae

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

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