Tejon — Janubiy Koreyaning markazida joylashgan shahar. U Janubiy Koreyada joylashgan beshinchi eng katta shahar xisoblanadi. 2005-yilning ohirida uning aholisi 1,442,856 edi. U "Gyeongbu temir yo'li", "Honam temir yo'li", "Gyeongbu temir yo'li" va "Honam tez yurar yo'llari" kesishmasida joylashgan. Shahar chegarasida 200 dan ortiq ilmiy-tadqiqot institutlari mavjud boʻlgan "Daedeok Ilmiy shahri" joylashgan
Tarixi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Tarihda Daejeon kam aholiga ega kichik qishloq boʻlgan. Lekin 1905-yilda Gyeongbu temir yo'li Daejeon stantsiyasini ocha turib,Seouldan Busanga jarayonni boshlab yubordi. 1926-yildan koʻp oʻtmay Yaponiya hukumati qonunlariga binoan Daejeon va Mokpo hududlari orasida Honam temir yo'li qurildi. Keyinchalik olib tashishning(transportirovka) asosiy markaziga aylandi. Geogragik qulay joylashganligi va transportirovka vositalari yaqin boʻlganligi sababli Daejeon tez suratlarda rivojlandi.
1932-yilda Chungnam viloyati(province) poytaxti Gongjudan Daejeonga koʻchirildi. Shahar chegarasida koʻp islohotlar olib borildi, shulardan biri qoʻshni shahar boʻlmish Daedeok (1983-yilda shahar qismi boʻlgan) shaharchasiga katta ijobiy taʼsir oʻtkazdi. 1995-yilda Daejeon Janubiy Koreyaning katta shahriga aylandi.
1997-yilda Janubiy Koreya Seuldagi aholisini kamaytirish maqsadida Daejeon Kompleks Hukumati tuzildi. Natijada Daejeon aholisi juda tez oʻsib ketdi.
Bugungi kunda Daejeon aholisi oʻsish darajasi Mamlakatda Seuldan keyin ikkinchi oʻrinda turadi. Bu Yuseong-gudagi koʻplab yangi bino majmuasi loyihalari va hi-tech sanoatlarini yuzaga kelishiga sabab boʻldi.
Geografiyasi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Daejeon Janubiy Koreya markazi yonida Shimoliy 36°10’50" dan Shimoliy 36°29’47" gacha kenglikda va Sharqiy 127°14’54" dan Sharqiy 127°33’21" gacha uzunlikda joylashgan. U Seuldan 167.3 km uzoqlikda, Busandan 294 km va Gwangjudan 169 km uzoqlikda joylashgan. Janubiy Koreyaning yangi maʼmuriy poytaxti etib rejalashtirilgan Sejong Shahri ham bu shaharga yaqin qilib quriladi. Shahar turli togʻlar bilan oʻralgan va gʻarbiy chegara qismida Gyeryongsan Milliy Parki joylashgan. Uchta Gapcheon, Yudeungcheon va Daejeoncheon daryolarining qoʻshilishidan hosil boʻlgan Geum daryosi shaharning janubidan shimoliga qarab oqadi.
Maʼmuriy boʻlinishi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Daejeon 5 qism(„Gu“)ga boʻlinadi:
Taʼlimi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Being known as the Silicon Valley of Korea, Daejeon is home of various private and public Research Institutes, Centers and Science parks (i.e. R&D centers of Samsung, LG, Korea University of Science and Technology & others are located within Daedeok Science Town in Yuseong-gu.
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology is an institution of higher education focused on research in science and technology, and was ranked as the best Asian science and technology school by Asiaweek in 2000. It is also home to the Information and Communications University, which specializes in research in information technology, and Daejeon Science High School, which is a selective high school focused on teaching science.
Chungnam National University, a major national university established for the South Chungcheong province, and Pai Chai University, which is one of the oldest private universities in South Korea, are also located within the city.
Ilm va tadqiqot[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Daejeon features twenty-three research institutes. Best known among them are the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), a leader in nuclear power, the Electronic and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) whose WiBro technology has been adopted as the international standard for 3G wireless communication, the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), developer of the KOMPSTAT satellite program and the National Fusion Research Institute which just unveiled the KSTAR nuclear fusion reactor.
Madaniyati[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
In 1993, an international exposition (Expo '93) was held at Daejeon. Several landmarks such as the Hanbat Tower and the Expo Bridge were built at this time. After the exposition ended, the grounds were refurbished as Expo Science Park. Next to the park is the National Science Museum, which had moved to its current location in 1990.
There are a lot of sight seeing locations in Daejeon Arxivlandi 2009-03-02 Wayback Machine saytida.. Most of the cultural centres and sight seeing places are located in Yuseong-gu district with the exception of Ppun park and Daejeon Zoo. The Daejeon Museum of Art, located in Dunsan Grand Park, is an art museum focused on the convergence of art and technology. Since it was established in 1998, numerous exhibitions on contemporary art have been held. Other cultural landmarks include the Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra, which recently began touring internationally as a cultural symbol of the city.
The Daejeon World Cup Stadium was constructed in preparation for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Several games have been held there, including the South Korea vs. Italy match in the second round. It is also the current home for the K-League football club Daejeon Citizen, and National League side Daejeon Hydro & Nuclear Power FC. Daejeon also hosts amateur football club Daejeon de la Cuba, which plays in the Super Sunday Football League.
Transporti[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Daejeon is a center of transportation in South Korea, where two major expressways, Gyeongbu highway and Honam highway, and two major railways, Gyeongbu railway and Honam railway, are joined. Travel time between Daejeon and Seoul using the high-speed railway system, otherwise known as KTX, is about fifty minutes. The nearest airport to Daejeon is Cheongju Airport, about a thirty-minute drive north of Daejeon.
Yer osti yoʻllari[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
A subway system with five lines is undergoing planning and construction in Daejeon. The first part of this system, Daejeon Subway Line 1 began operation on March 16, 2006, and entire line was operating as of April 17, 2007. It is notably different from the system used in Seoul in its smaller car width; lack of doors between cars; fewer number of cars, use of four cars to a train instead of ten; and free space under the seats. The subway also uses round tokens instead of flat magnetic tickets as is the case with Seoul — the tokens are pressed into a sensor when passing the turnstiles, and inserted into a slot on the other side when getting out. The nature of the tokens allows them to be used for advertising as well. Platform screen doors are installed in the subway stations.
Markaziy tadbirkorlik hududi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Daejeon has become the recipient of the countryʼs effort to decentralize certain ministries of the national government. The middle of the city or the new central business district called Dunsan is where the effort has manifested itself. Newer apartment complexes, albeit structurally similar to that of the rest of the city, sprung up around the new government structures being constructed concurrently in just a few short years starting from the mid-1990s. Newer municipal buildings including the cityʼs courts and the provinceʼs main parliamentary building soon followed. The result is a several square mile neighbourhood full of restaurants, standard Korean western-type bars and coffee shops. The area is a place for the workers of the new Daejeon to live close to their offices, most able to walk to work, and dine and shop in a new urban environment.[manba kerak]
Qoʻshni mamlakatlar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
- Oda, Japan — 1987
- Seattle, United States — 1989
- Budapest, Hungary — 1994
- Nanjing, China — 1994
- Kanada Calgary, Canada — 1996
- Andoza:Country data Meksiko Guadalajara, Mexico — 1997
- Shvetsiya Uppsala, Sweden — 1999
- Novosibirsk, Russia — 2001
- Brisbane, Australia — 2002
- Vyetnam Binh Duong, Vietnam — 2005
- Wuxi, China — 2006
Shuningdek qarang[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
Adabiyotlar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
- „Asia's Best Universities 2000“, Asiaweek (2000-06-30). Qaraldi: 21-fevral 2007-yil.
- „Daejeon Science High School“(aniqlanmagan). 24-mart 2007-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 21-fevral 2007-yil. Arxivlandi 2007-03-24 Wayback Machine saytida. High schools in South Korea usually do not require special entrance exams.
- „History“. National Science Museum of Korea. Qaraldi: 28-fevral 2007-yil.
- „Riding Daejeon Subway“(aniqlanmagan). iris's talk on above 18 & computers & and society (2006-05-08). Qaraldi: 28-fevral 2007-yil.
- „Visiting Daejeon Subway“(aniqlanmagan). Korean Faction (2006-03-17). — „뒷면에는 대전소재 배재대학교의 광고가 새겨져있었습니다.“. 3-yanvar 2007-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 28-fevral 2007-yil. Arxivlandi 2007-01-03 Wayback Machine saytida.
Foydalanish uchun resurslar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]
|Wikimedia Commonsda Tejon mavzusiga oid fayllar bor.|
- Daejeon Metropolitan Government Arxivlandi 2006-11-30 Wayback Machine saytida.
- Daejeon Tour Arxivlandi 2009-05-07 Wayback Machine saytida.
- Yuseong-gu District Website
- Seo-gu District Website
- Daedeok-gu District Website
- Dong-gu District Website Arxivlandi 2009-02-09 Wayback Machine saytida.
Bu maqola inglizcha yozilgan.
Iltimos, maqolani oʻzbek tilga tarjima qiling.