Kontent qismiga oʻtish

Qalat Sukkar

Koordinatalari: 31°51′32″N 46°4′38″E / 31.85889°N 46.07722°E / 31.85889; 46.07722
Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Sikkar qasri

Qalʼat es Sikkar
arabcha: قلعة سكر
Skyline of Sikkar qasri
31°51′32″N 46°4′38″E / 31.85889°N 46.07722°E / 31.85889; 46.07722
Mamlakat Iroq
Muhofazot Zi Qar muhofazoti
Aholisi
 (2014)
110,00
Sikkar qasri xaritada
Sikkar qasri
Sikkar qasri
Qalat Sukkarda joylashgan Gʻarraf kanali ustidagi koʻprik

Qalat Sukkar (arabcha: قلعة سكر) Iroqning Zi Qar muhofazotidagi shaharcha. Gʻarraf kanali sohilida joylashgan.

Demografiya[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Qalat Sukkar aholisi 110,000 nafar[1].

Joylashuv[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Qalat Sukar Gʻarraf kanalining (shumerlar 4000 yil avval qazgan eski kanal) gʻarbidagi tizma ustida joylashgan. Qalat Sukkar qadimgi Shumer shahri boʻlmish Larsa qoldiqlaridan 6 km shimoli-sharqda joylashgan[2]. Qalat Sukkarni Larsa Telldan zamonaviy drenaj kanali ajratib turadi[2].

Jeyms Abbott Sauer va Xair Yasinning fikriga koʻra, mintaqadagi sobiq botqoqliklar[3] tufayli Qalat Sukkarda IX asrda shakarqamish yetishtirila boshlagan[4]. Shundan keyin shakar ishlab chiqarish yoʻlga qoʻyilib, hudud nomi aynan shu ishlab chiqarish zavodidan kelib chiqqan[5].

Eng yaqin yirik shahar Nosiriya boʻlib, shaharda 587 ming kishi istiqomat qiladi.

Aerodrom[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Iroq urushi paytida Qalat Sukkar aerodromi AQSh dengiz piyodalari tomonidan egallanib, Camp Fenway deb nomlangan[6].

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. „"Đī Qār: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population:Qal'at Sukkar" World Gazetteer“. 2013-yil 5-yanvarda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. World Gazetteer, accessed 19 February 2009
  2. 2,0 2,1 "31.3333°,45.8828° – 31.2858°,45.8536° : 5.964 km / 3.707 m (great circle distance)" (distance between Qalat Sukar and Larsa Tell) (Wayback Machine saytida 2012-02-20 sanasida arxivlangan), Movable Type Scripts, accessed 19 February 2009
  3. Dougherty, Raymond P; (1926); Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research; "An Archæological Survey in Southern Babylonia I;" No. 23; pp. 15–28
  4. Yeats, John (1887) The Natural History of the Raw Materials of Commerce (3rd ed.) George Philip & Son, London, p. 177, OCLC 6066004
  5. Tell es-Sukkar in Ibrahim; Mo 'Awiyah; Sauer, James Abbott and Yassine, Khair; (1976); Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research; "The East Jordan Valley Survey, 1975;" No. 222, pp. 41–66
  6. "Charlie Company Leads BLT into Northern Iraq"; Kennedy, Christopher M.; (2006); "U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2003 Anthology and Annotated Bibliography;" History Division, U.S. Marine Corps; Washington, D.C.; p. 97; OCLC 81149577 (Wayback Machine saytida 12 February 2009 sanasida arxivlangan)

Havolalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]