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Muborak juma

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Dakkada musulmonlar Muborak Juma bayramini nishonlamoqda

Muborak Juma (arabcha: جمعة مباركة), maxsus jamoat namozlari oʻqiladigan haftaning eng muqaddas kuni. Bu ibora ingliz tiliga „Juma muborak“[1] deb tarjima qilinadi va „Juma kuningiz muborak boʻlsin“ deb tarjima qilish mumkin. Xalqaro miqyosda musulmonlar uni bayramda tabrik sifatida ishlatishadi. Juma kuni oʻziga xos bayram sanaladi va musulmonlar bu kunda toza kiyim kiyish, choʻmilish va maxsus taomlar tayyorlashga alohida eʼtibor berishadi. Jum’a atamasi „jamoa“ bilan bir soʻzdan olingan boʻlib, „odamlar yigʻilishi“ degan maʼnoni anglatadi[2]. Ijtimoiy maʼnoda odamlar, odatda, peshin namozi oʻqiladigan vaqtda, juma namozida qatnashadilar[3].

Soʻzma-soʻz maʼnosi

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Juma islom dinining eng muhim marosimlaridan biri boʻlib, uning farzlaridan biri hisoblanadi[4]. Musulmonlar islom eʼtiqodlarining asosiy qismi sifatida haftalik namozni juma kuni peshin vaqtida oʻqiydilar[5][6].

Islomiy soʻz maʼnosi

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Hadisda aytilishicha, juma kuni quyosh chiqadigan kunlarning eng yaxshisidir. Bu Odam Ato yaratilgan kun, Odam alayhissalom jannatga kirgan, shuningdek, undan chiqarilgan kun hamdir. Bu, shuningdek, Yavm ad-Din yoki Qiyomat kuni boʻladigan kundir[7]. Islomda bu kunning oʻziga xos ahamiyati borligi sababli, musulmonlar masjidga borganlarida bir-birlariga „Juma Muborak“ deb tilak tilab, maxsus juma namozini oʻqiydilar[8]. Bu salomga javob odatda bir xil tarzda „Juma Muborak“ shaklida aytiladi[9].

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Muborak juma - Iso Masihning xochga mixlanishi va Kalvariya o'limini nishonlanadigan xristianlarning muqaddas kuni. U Pasxa triduumining bir qismi sifatida Muqaddas haftada nishonlanadi. Shuningdek, u qora juma, muqaddas juma, muborak juma, Rabbiyning ehtiroslarining yaxshi juma kuni, buyuk va muqaddas juma (shuningdek, muqaddas va muborak juma) deb nomlanadi..[10][11]

Ko'plab Xristian dinlari a'zolari, shu jumladan Katolik, Sharqiy pravoslav,Anglikan, Metodist, sharqiy ortodoks, birlashgan protestant va ba'zi islohot an'analari (shu jumladan ba'zi kontinental islohot, protestsnt va kongregasionalist cherkovlar), Buyuk juma kunini ro'za va cherkov xizmatlari bilan nishonlaydilar.[12][13][14] Ko'plab katolik, protestant, anglikan va metodist cherkovlarida" Buyuk uch soat azob-uqubat xizmati "tushdan soat 3 gacha o'tkaziladi . Muqaddas Kitob "Bibliya"da Isoning xochda o'limigacha yerni qorong'ilik qoplagan soatlar deya qayd etiladi. [15]   Moraviya cherkovining kommunikatorlari Moraviya qabristonlarida qabr toshlarini tozalash kabi muborak juma an'analariga ega.

muborak juma kuni Gregoriy va Julian kalendarlarida bir yildan keyingi yilga mos keladi. Sharqiy va G'arb nasroniylik Pasxa va shu sababli, ulug' juma kunini hisoblashda kelishmovchiliklarga duch kelishmoqda. Buyuk juma - bu butun dunyo bo'ylab keng joriy etilgan qonuniy ta'til, shu jumladan, ko'pgina G'arb mamlakatlarida va AQShning 12 ta shtatida. [16] Ba'zi asosan Xristian mamlakatlari, masalan, Germaniya, muborak juma kuni xotirlash maqsadida, ba'zi harakatlarni taqiqlovchi qonunlar mavjud: jamoaviy raqslarni va ot poygalari kabi [17][18]

  1. „Jumma Mubarak - Images-Status-Photos-Quotes“. Jumma Mubarak - Images-Status-Photos-Quotes. 2021-yil 24-dekabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 24-dekabr.
  2. "Hussain, Musharraf." The five pillars of Islam: Laying the foundations of divine love and service to humanity. Kube Publishing Ltd, Oct 10, 2012
  3. „Dar ul Haqq Islamic Institute – Masjed At Taqwaa“. Reno Mosque. 2013-yil 27-sentyabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2012-yil 28-sentyabr.
  4. Fahd Salem Bahammam. The Muslim's Prayer. Modern Guide. ISBN 9781909322950. 2018-yil 29-yanvarda qaraldi. 
  5. „জেনে নিন 'জুমা মোবারক' বলার বিধান“ (en). Daily Bangladesh. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 16-may.
  6. „The spirit of Jumu'ah“ (en). The Daily Star (2015-yil 14-iyul). Qaraldi: 2021-yil 16-may.
  7. „Why Jumu'ah day is special?“ (en). Daily Bangladesh. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 16-may.
  8. Aslan. „What is the significance of Friday prayers in Islam?“ (en). The Conversation. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 6-fevral.
  9. „The Ruling on saying Jummah Mubarak“. Muftisays Islamic Portal. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 16-may.
  10. Franklin M. Segler. Christian Worship: Its Theology And Practice. B&H Publishing Group, 2006 — 226 bet. ISBN 978-0-8054-4067-6. 2012-yil 13-aprelda qaraldi. 
  11. Gilman, Daniel Coit. The New International Encyclopaedia (en). Dodd, Mead and Company, 1903 — 77 bet. „Good Friday is also known as Black Friday in the Western Church , because on that day clerical vestments and altar draperies are black .“ 
  12. Ripley, George. The American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary for General Knowledge (en). D. Appleton and Company, 1883 — 101 bet. „The Protestant Episcopal, Lutheran, and Reformed churches, as well as many Methodists, observe the day by fasting and special services.“ 
  13. Pfatteicher, Philip H.. Commentary on the Lutheran Book of Worship: Lutheran Liturgy in Its Ecumenical Context (en). Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1990 — 223–244, 260 bet. ISBN 978-0800603922. „The Good Friday fast became the principal fast in the calendar, and even after the Reformation in Germany many Lutherans who observed no other fast scrupulously kept Good Friday with strict fasting.“ 
  14. Jacobs, Henry Eyster. The Lutheran Cyclopedia (en). Scribner, 1899 — 110 bet. „By many Lutherans Good Friday is observed as a strict fast. The lessons on Ash Wednesday emphasize the proper idea of the fast. The Sundays in Lent receive their names from the first words of their Introits in the Latin service, Invocavit, Reminiscere, Oculi, Lcetare, Judica.“ 
  15. „What is the significance of Good Friday?“ (English). The Free Press Journal (2021-yil 2-aprel). 2021-yil 3-oktyabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2021-yil 3-aprel.
  16. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 36, Issue 214. Harper & Brothers, 1868 — 521 bet. „In England Good-Friday and Christmas are the only close holidays of the year when the shops are all closed and the churches opened.“ 
  17. Petre, Jonathan. „Good Friday gambling anger churches“. The Telegraph (2008-yil 21-mart). 2021-yil 11-noyabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2018-yil 5-aprel. „Bookmakers estimate that thousands of shops will be operating, even though Good Friday is one of three days in the year when no horse racing takes place.“.
  18. Stevens, Laura. „In Germany, Some Want to Boogie Every Day of the Year“. The Wall Street Journal (2013-yil 29-mart). 2017-yil 11-iyulda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2017-yil 13-mart. „Every year on Good Friday, Germany becomes a little like the fictional town in the movie 'Footloose' – dancing is verboten. The decades-old 'Tanzverbot,' or dance ban, applies to all clubs, discos and other forms of organized dancing in all German states.“.