Kontent qismiga oʻtish

Oamaru

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya

Andoza:Infobox Ort in NeuseelandOamaru-Yangi Zelandiya janubidagi <span about="#mwt17" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Otago&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwDQ" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Otago</span> mintaqasidagi <span about="#mwt15" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Waitaki&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwCg" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Waitaki</span> <span typeof="mw:Transclusion" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;tumanidagi&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" id="mwCw"></span> shaharcha. Shahar tuman hokimligining maʼmuriy shtabi sanaladi.

Ismning kelib chiqishi

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Oamaru nomi Māori tilidan kelib chiqqan va Maru joyini bildiradi. " Maru " ning aniq kimligi maʼlum emas, shuning uchun biz faqat taxmin qilishimiz mumkin. Joy nomi shibboletdir : Māori tilining mahalliy janubiy lahjasi nomdagi birinchi A ga eʼtibor bermaydi (AUH-muh-ROO). Shimoliy lahjadagi Māori odatda bu (toʻgʻri) talaffuzni notoʻgʻri deb taʼriflaydi. Ular A (o-UH-muh-ROO) ni choʻzadilar. Soʻzlovchining shimoldan yoki janubdan kelishini talaffuzidan bilib olasiz.

Shahar Tinch okeani sohilida Timaru shahridan 80 km janubda va Dunedin shahridan 120 km janubda joylashgan. Oamaru – <span about="#mwt27" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Waitaki&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwJQ" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Waitaki</span> <span typeof="mw:Transclusion" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;daryosi\n&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" id="mwJg"></span> vodiysi orqali Makkenzi havzasining sharqiy darvozasi.

Shahar koʻchalarining aksariyati ingliz daryolari nomi bilan atalgan. Asosiy koʻcha – Thames Street, boshqa muhim koʻchalar – Severn Street va Tyne Street .

Oamaru atrofidagi muhim arxeologik topilmalar, xususan, Waitaki daryosi ogʻzida, bu yerda 1100-yillarda Moa ovchilari oʻz izini qoldirgan, bu hudud oʻsha paytda allaqachon yashaganligini koʻrsatadi.

James Cook jurnaliga koʻra, 1770-yil 20-fevralda u <span about="#mwt40" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Endeavour&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwYg" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Endeavour</span>, qirgʻoqdan uch kilometr uzoqlikda, Waitaki ogʻziga juda yaqin joylashgan. Uning taʼkidlashicha, mamlakat juda tekis boʻlib, tepalikning ichki qismi faqat toʻrt yoki besh milya ichkaridan boshlangan. Bu hudud unga juda kimsasiz boʻlib tuyuldi va aholidan asar ham yoʻq edi. U erda toʻrt kun langar qoldi.

Darhaqiqat Māori mintaqada yashagan va 1814-yildan boshlab Yangi Zelandiya moʻynali muhrini ovlagan muhr ovchilari u yerda joylashdilar. 1831-yilda Māori boshligʻi Te Rauparaha boshchiligida Kraystcherch yaqinidagi Kaiapoi shahridagi ishdan boʻshatilgandan soʻng, qochqinlar janubga koʻchib oʻtishdi va Kakanui yaqinida va Pukeuri va Waianakarua oʻrtasidagi hududga, shu jumladan bugungi Oamaru shahriga joylashdilar.

Edward Shortland 1844-yilda Waikouaitidan quruqlik orqali mintaqaga tashrif buyurdi. U xarita tuzdi va Oamaru xaritasini ham tuzdi. U 1840-yillarda mintaqani piyoda kezgan bir necha yevropaliklardan biri edi. James Saunders 1850-yilgacha Waitaki estuariyasida maori bilan savdo qilish uchun bu hududga joylashib, tumanning birinchi Yevropa hukumati vakili boʻldi.

1850-yillarda bu hududga tobora koʻproq yevropalik koʻchmanchilar kelishdi, jumladan 1853-yilda Oamaru daryosida kulbani qurgan Hogh Robison . Bu joy 1859-yilda shahar deb eʼlon qilingan. Oamaru <span about="#mwt62" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Kakanui&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwfw" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Kakanui</span> <span typeof="mw:Transclusion" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;to'g'lari&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" id="mwgA"></span> va Waitaki daryosi oʻrtasidagi qishloq xoʻjaligining markaziga aylandi. Bundan tashqari, Cape Wanbrow port savdo va baliq ovlash porti sifatida tobora muhim ahamiyat kasb etdi.

Yaqin atrofdagi Totara paydo boʻlgan muzlatilgan goʻsht sanoatining rivojlanishi ham Oamarus gullab-yashnashiga olib keldi. Athenaeum, Waitaki bolalar katta sinf maktabi va Waitaki qizlar katta sinf maktabi kabi muassasalar tashkil etilgan. Mahalliy ohaktosh boʻlgan <span about="#mwt78" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Ototara&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwkQ" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Ototara</span> <span about="#mwt79" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Limestone&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwkg" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Limestone</span> qayta ishlash uchun idealdir va shuning uchun hunarmandlarning ohaktoshdan badiiy foydalanishi shahar manzarasini shakllantirgan. Bu vaqt ichida Forrester & Lemon arxitektura guruhi hozirgi tarixiy shahar markazida kompaniyalar uchun koʻplab jamoat binolari va inshootlarini qurdi. 1880-yillardagi depressiya davrida Oamaru Avstraliyaning eng goʻzal va moliyaviy jihatdan kuchli shaharlaridan biri boʻlgan va oʻsha paytdagi Los Angeles bilan bir xil edi [1]. Iqtisodiy rivojlanish sekinlashgandan soʻng, aholi soni 1970-yillargacha oʻsishda davom etdi. Portning yopilishi va Yangi Zelandiya sanoatining toʻxtab qolishi Oamaru juda qattiq taʼsir qildi. Bunga javoban, Oamaru Yangi Zelandiyadagi birinchi shaharlardan biri boʻlib, uning meʼmoriy merosi va uning tijorat va sayyohlik maqsadlarida foydalanishi haqida fikr yuritdi.

2000-yildan beri shahar Antarktidadagi <span about="#mwt82" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Ross Island&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwoA" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Ross Island</span> joylashgan <span about="#mwt80" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Oamaru&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwnQ" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Oamaru</span> <span about="#mwt81" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Peak&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwng" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Peak</span> nomi boʻlib kelgan.

Shahar – <span about="#mwt85" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Waitaki&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwpg" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Waitaki</span> <span typeof="mw:Transclusion" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;tumanining&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" id="mwpw"></span> maʼmuriy shtab-kvartirasi. Biroq, <span about="#mwt87" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Otago&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwqg" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Otago</span> mintaqasida Dunedindan keyin ikkinchi eng muhim markaz boʻlish tarixiy maqomi xavf ostida, chunki Otago markazidagi <span about="#mwt88" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Queenstown&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwrA" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Queenstown</span> shahrining ahamiyati turizmdagi mavqei tufayli doimiy ravishda oʻsib bormoqda.

Transport aloqalari

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Shahar Yangi Zelandiya davlat avtomagistrali da joylashgan.

Oamaru Lyttelton-Invercargill temir yoʻlida joylashgan. Bu yerda temir yoʻl 1875-yilda ishlay boshlagan [2]. 2002-yil fevral oyida janubiy kema toʻxtatilgandan soʻng, bugungi kunda bu erda faqat yuk tashish amalga oshiriladi.

Ommaviy axborot vositalari

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Shahardagi yagona kundalik gazeta – <span about="#mwt94" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;mi&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Oamaru&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwuQ" lang="mi" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Oamaru</span> <span about="#mwt95" data-cx="[{&quot;adapted&quot;:true,&quot;partial&quot;:false,&quot;targetExists&quot;:true,&quot;mandatoryTargetParams&quot;:[&quot;1&quot;,&quot;2&quot;],&quot;optionalTargetParams&quot;:[]}]" data-mw="{&quot;parts&quot;:[{&quot;template&quot;:{&quot;target&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Lang&quot;,&quot;href&quot;:&quot;./Andoza:Lang&quot;},&quot;params&quot;:{&quot;1&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;en&quot;},&quot;2&quot;:{&quot;wt&quot;:&quot;Mail&quot;}},&quot;i&quot;:0}}]}" data-ve-no-generated-contents="true" id="mwug" lang="en" typeof="mw:Transclusion">Mail</span> . Oamaru Heritage Radio FM va veb-radio sifatida eshittiriladi.

Diqqatga sazovor joylarning xususiyatlari

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Qadimgi tarixiy shahar

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19-asrning koʻplab jamoat binolari ochiq rangli mahalliy ohaktoshdan qurilgan, ayniqsa Uinston yaqinida qazib olingan. Tarixiy shahar markazi – bir nechta koʻchalar – Viktoriya davridagi deyarli toʻliq oʻzgarishlarga ega va Yangi Zelandiyadagi eng taʼsirchan tarixiy majmualardan biri hisoblanadi. Ushbu tuman va bandargohlar roʻyxatga olingan binolar .

Jamoat galereyasi, Forrester galereyasi 1983-yilda Bank of New South Wales binosida ochilgan. Boshqa binolar ham qayta tiklandi. Trast fondi ochildi va tarixiy port tumanida restavratsiya ishlari oldinga surildi. 21-asrning boshlarida 19-asrda madaniy meros muhim iqtisodiy omilga aylandi. Sobiq portning yoʻl tizimidan foydalanadigan Oamaru bugʻ va temir yoʻl jamiyatining meros temir yoʻli kabi tarixiy ob’ektlar qoʻshildi [3]. Rassomlar oʻrnashdilar.

Binolarning tarixiy saqlanishining yuqori darajasi tufayli shahar oʻzini Steampunk poytaxti sifatida targʻib qiladi, Viktoriya muhitiga harakat elementlarini qoʻshib, har yili muxlislarni jalb qiladi .

Pingvinlar koloniyasi

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Oamaru Blue Penguin Colony, kichik pingvinlar koloniyasi, port hududida yashaydi. Shaharning janubida sariq koʻzli pingvinlar koloniyasi bor. Bugungi kunga qadar pingvinlar vaqti-vaqti bilan plyaj yaqinidagi baʼzi shiyponlar ostida yashaydilar. Qorongʻi tushgandan keyin ular oʻz uyalariga yoʻl olishayotganini koʻrish mumkin.

  • Des Tomson (* 1942), velosport poygachisi
  • Xit Blekgrouv (1980 yilda tugʻilgan), velosport poygachisi
  • Richi Makkou (1980 yilda tugʻilgan), regbi oʻyinchisi

Shuningdek qarang

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  • Oamarudagi yodgorliklar roʻyxati

Veb havolalari

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  • Homepage. Waitaki District Council, abgerufen am 28. Dezember 2015 (englisch). 
  • Homepage. Tourism Waitaki, abgerufen am 2. September 2014 (englisch). 

Shaxsiy dalillar

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  1. Charles Rawlings-Way u. a.: New Zealand. Lonely Planet 2010, S. 597.
  2. John Yonge (Hg.): New Zealand Railway and Tramway Atlas. 4. Auflage. Quail Map Company, Exeter 1993, Taf. 23 °C.
  3. Homepage der Oamaru Steam and Railway Society

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Manba xatosi: <ref> tag with name "KiwiQuest_Oamaru" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.