Jane Austen

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Jane Austen

Portret, 1810-yil[1]
Tugʻilishi 16-dekabr 1775-yil(1775-12-16)
Steventon Rectory, Hampshire, Angliya
Vafoti 18-iyul 1817-yil(1817-07-18)
(41 yoshda)
Winchester, Hampshire, Angliya
Kasbi Yozuvchi
Bilimi Reading Abbey qizlar maktabi
Faoliyat yillari 1787 – 1817
Imzo
Jane Austen signature from her will.svg

Jane Austen (talaffuzi: Jeyn Ostin; 16-dekabr 1775-yil — 18-iyul 1817-iyul) 19-asrda yashab, ijod qilgan ingliz yozuvchisidir. U zodagonlar haqida koʻplab kitoblar muallifidir. Uning asarlari uni ingliz adabiyotining eng taniqli va suyukli yozuvchilaridan biriga aylantirdi.[2] U ingliz romanchiligining buyuk namoyondalaridan biri sanaladi.

Austenning asarlarida 18-asr oxirlarida yozilgan sentimental romanlar tanqid qilingan va uning asarlari 20-asr realizmiga oʻtishning bir qismi hisoblanadi.[3] U asarlarida kundalik hayotdagi oddiy insonlarni tasvirlaydi. Bu sa ingliz romanchiligiga alohida ajralib turuvchi zamonaviy xarakter berdi.[4] Austenning hikoyalari koʻp hollarda yumorlidir,[5] ammo ular ayollarning ijtimoiy mavqei va iqtisodiy xavfsizligi ularning nikohiga bogʻliqligini ham koʻrsatadi.[6] Uning asarlari, shuningdek, axloqiy muammolar toʻgʻrisida hamdir.[7]

Romanlari[tahrir]

  • Sense and Sensibility — 1811
  • Pride and Prejudice — 1813
  • Mansfield Park — 1814
  • Emma — 1815

Boshqa ishlari[tahrir]

Juvenilia: Birinchi jild (1787–1793)[8]

  • Frederic & Elfrida
  • Jack & Alice
  • Edgar & Emma
  • Henry and Eliza
  • The Adventures of Mr. Harley
  • Sir William Mountague
  • Memoirs of Mr. Clifford
  • The Beautifull Cassandra
  • Amelia Webster
  • The Visit
  • The Mystery
  • The Three Sisters
  • A Fragment
  • A beautiful description
  • The generous Curate
  • Ode to Pity


Juvenilia: Ikkinchi jild (1787–1793)

  • Love and Freindship
  • Lesley Castle
  • The History of England
  • A Collection of Letters
  • The female philosopher
  • The first Act of a Comedy
  • A Letter from a Young Lady
  • A Tour through Wales
  • A Tale

Juvenilia: Uchinchi jild (1787–1793)

  • Evelyn
  • Catharine, or The Bower

Vafotidan keyingi nashrlar[tahrir]

  • Northanger Abbey — 1818
  • Persuasion — 1818
  • The Watsonsi — 1892

Shuningdek qarang[tahrir]

  • Emma 2020-yilda katta ekranlarga chiqqan, Austenning xuddi shu nomdagi romani asosida suratga olingan filmdir.
Pride and Prejudice romanining ilk nashridan bir sahifa (1813)

Shajara daraxti[tahrir]

Austen,uning ota-onasi, aka-uka va opa-singillari
Uning aka-uka, opa-singillari va jiyanlari

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. Kirkham (2005), s. 68–72.
  2. Southam, „Criticism, 1870-1940“, The Jane Austen Companion, 102.
  3. Litz, 3-14; Grundy, „Jane Austen and Literary Traditions“, The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, 192-93; Waldron, „Critical Responses, Early“, Jane Austen in Context, s. 83, 89-90; Duffy, „Criticism, 1814-1870“, The Jane Austen Companion, 93-94.
  4. „Jane Austen (English novelist) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia“. britannica.com. Qaraldi: 31-may 2010-yil.
  5. Litz, 142.
  6. MacDonagh, 66-75; Collins, 160-161.
  7. Honan, 124-27; Trott, „Critical Responses, 1830-1970“, Jane Austen in Context, 92.
  8. The Works of Jane Austen. Vol VI. 1954. Ed. R.W. Chapman and B.C. Southam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, as supplemented by additional research reflected in Margaret Anne Doody and Douglas Murray, eds. Catharine and Other Writings. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Bibliografiya[tahrir]

Birlamchi asarlari
  • Austen, Jane. Catharine and Other Writings. nash. Margaret Anne Doody and Douglas Murray. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-282823-1.
  • Austen, Jane. The History of England. nash. David Starkey. Icon Books, HarperCollins Publishers, 2006. ISBN 0-06-135195-4.
  • Le Faye, Deirdre, nash. Jane Austenʼs Letters. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-19-283297-2.
Ikkilamchi asarlari

Biografiyalar

  • Austen, Henry Thomas. „Biographical Notice of the Author“. Northanger Abbey and Persuasion. London: John Murray, 1817.
  • Austen-Leigh, James Edward. A Memoir of Jane Austen. 1926. nash. R. W. Chapman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.
  • Austen-Leigh, William and Richard Arthur Austen-Leigh. Jane Austen: Her Life and Letters, A Family Record. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1913.
  • Fergus, Jan. Jane Austen: A Literary Life. London: Macmillan, 1991. ISBN 0-333-44701-8.
  • Honan, Park. Jane Austen: A Life. New York: St. Martinʼs Press, 1987. ISBN 0-312-01451-1.
  • Le Faye, Deirdre. Jane Austen: A Family Record. Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-521-53417-8.
  • Nokes, David. Jane Austen: A Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. ISBN 0-520-21606-7.
  • Tomalin, Claire. Jane Austen: A Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. ISBN 0-679-44628-1.

Esse toʻplamlari

  • Alexander, Christine and Juliet McMaster, eds. The Child Writer from Austen to Woolf. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-81293-3.
  • Copeland, Edward and Juliet McMaster, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-521-49867-8.
  • Grey, J. David, nash. The Jane Austen Companion. New York: Macmillan, 1986. ISBN 0025455400.
  • Lynch, Deidre, nash. Janeites: Austenʼs Disciples and Devotees. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-691-05005-8.
  • Southam, B. C., nash. Jane Austen: The Critical Heritage, 1812-1870. Vol. 1. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1968. ISBN 0-7100-2942-X.
  • Southam, B. C., nash. Jane Austen: The Critical Heritage, 1870-1940. Vol. 2. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987. ISBN 0-7102-0189-3.
  • Todd, Janet, nash. Jane Austen in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-82644-6.
  • Watt, Ian, nash. Jane Austen: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1963. ISBN 9780130537515.

Monograflar va maqolalar

  • Armstrong, Nancy. Desire and Domestic Fiction. London: Oxford University Press, 1987. ISBN 0-19-506160-8.
  • Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. ISBN 0-19-812968-8.
  • Byrne, Paula. Jane Austen and the Theatre. London and New York: Continuum, 2002. ISBN 978-1-84725-047-6.
  • Collins, Irene. Jane Austen and the Clergy. London: The Hambledon Press, 1994. ISBN 1-85285-114-7.
  • Devlin, D.D. Jane Austen and Education. London: Macmillan, 1975. ISBN 0064916758.
  • Duckworth, Alistair M. The Improvement of the Estate: A Study of Jane Austenʼs Novels. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971. ISBN 0-8018-1269-0.
  • Fergus, Jan. Jane Austen and the Didactic Novel. Totowa: Barnes & Noble, 1983. ISBN 0-389-20228-2.
  • Ferguson, Moira. „Mansfield Park, Slavery, Colonialism, and Gender“. Oxford Literary Review 13 (1991): 118-39.
  • Galperin, William. The Historical Austen. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003. ISBN 0-8122-3687-4.
  • Gay, Penny. Jane Austen and the Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-65213-8.
  • Gubar, Susan and Sandra Gilbert. The Madwoman in the Attic: the Woman Writer and the Nineteenth Century Literary Imagination. 1979. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984. ISBN 0-300-02596-3.
  • Harding, D.W., „Regulated Hatred: An Aspect of the Work of Jane Austen“. Jane Austen: A Collection of Critical Essays. nash. Ian Watt. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1963.
  • Jenkyns, Richard. A Fine Brush on Ivory: An Appreciation of Jane Austen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0199276617.
  • Johnson, Claudia L. Jane Austen: Women, Politics and the Novel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. ISBN 0-226-40139-1.
  • Kirkham, Margaret. Jane Austen, Feminism and Fiction. Brighton: Harvester, 1983. ISBN 0-7108-0468-7.
  • Koppel, Gene. The Religious Dimension in Jane Austenʼs Novels. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1988.
  • Lascelles, Mary. Jane Austen and Her Art. Original publication 1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966.
  • Leavis, F.R. The Great Tradition: George Eliot, Henry James, Joseph Conrad. London: Chatto & Windus, 1960.
  • Litz, A. Walton. Jane Austen: A Study of Her Development. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.
  • Lynch, Deidre. The Economy of Character. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. ISBN 0-226-49820-4.
  • MacDonagh, Oliver. Jane Austen: Real and Imagined Worlds. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. ISBN 0-300-05084-4.
  • Miller, D. A. Jane Austen, or The Secret of Style. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-691-12387-X.
  • Mudrick, Marvin. Jane Austen: Irony as Defense and Discovery. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952.
  • Page, Norman. The Language of Jane Austen. Oxford: Blackwell, 1972. ISBN 0-631-08280-8.
  • Poovey, Mary. The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. ISBN 0-226-67528-9.
  • Raven, James. The Business of Books: Booksellers and the English Book Trade. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-300-12261-6.
  • Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage Books, 1993. ISBN 0-679-75054-1.
  • Todd, Janet. The Cambridge Introduction to Jane Austen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-521-67469-0.
  • Waldron, Mary. Jane Austen and the Fiction of Her Time. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-521-00388-1.
  • Wiltshire, John. Recreating Jane Austen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-521-00282-6.
  • Wiltshire, John. Jane Austen and the Body: The Picture of Health. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-521-41476-8.

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