Charles Boyer

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Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer - Photoplay, January 1942.jpg
Boyer in1942-yil
Tavalludi 28-avgust 1899-yil
Figeac, Fransiya
Vafoti 26-avgust 1978-yil(1978-08-26)
(78 yoshda)
Phoenix, Arizona, A. Q. Sh.
Fuqaroligi Fransiya va AQSh
Kasbi Aktyor
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
Pat Paterson
(turm. 1934; vaf. 1978)
Faoliyat yillari 1920-1976
Mukofotlari Academy Honorary Award (1943)
Bolalari 1

Charles Boyer (talaffuzi: „Sharl Boyer“, 1899-yil 28-avgust — 1978-yil 26-avgust) 1920-1976-yillarda 80 dan ortiq filmlarda suratga tushgan fransuz-amerikalik aktyor[1]. Drama yoʻnalishi boʻyicha taʼlim olgandan soʻng, Boyer sahnaga chiqdi va 1930-yillarda Amerika filmlarida muvaffaqiyat qozondi. Uning esda qolarli spektakllari davrning eng yuqori baholangan spektakllaridan biri boʻlib, "The Garden of Allah (1936), „Algiers“ (1938), "Love Affair" (1939) kabi romantik dramalar, shuningdek, "Gaslight " (1944) sirli trilleridir. U „Eng yaxshi aktyor“ uchun toʻrtta "Oskar" mukofotiga sazovor boʻlgan. Shuningdek, CBS I Love Lucy sitkomida paydo boʻldi.

Hayot va martaba[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Boyer Fransiyaning Lot shahridagi Figeak shahrida Avgustin Louise Durand va savdogar Maurice Boyerning o‘g‘li sifatida tug‘ilgan[2]. Boyer (oksitan tilida „podachi“ degan maʼnoni anglatadi) uyatchan bola boʻlib, oʻn bir yoshida kino va teatrni kashf etgan.

Boyer Birinchi jahon urushi paytida gospital boshligʻi boʻlib ishlagan askarlar uchun kulgili eskizlar ijro etgan[3]. U qisqa muddat Sorbonnada oʻqishni boshlagan va Parij konservatoriyasida aktyorlik boʻyicha oʻqish imkoniyatini kutgan[4].

U oʻqishni tugatish uchun poytaxtga bordi, lekin koʻp vaqtini teatr faoliyati bilan oʻtkazdi. 1920-yilda uning tezkor xotirasi unga sahna asaridagi yetakchi odam Aux Jardins de Murcini almashtirish imkoniyatini qoʻlga kiritdi. U muvaffaqiyatga erishdi. Keyin u La Bataille spektaklida paydo boʻldi va Boyer bir kechada teatr yulduziga aylandi[3][5][6].

1920-yillarda u sahnada nafaqat mayin va nafis xonimlar rolini ijro etgan, balki bir nechta ovozsiz filmlarda ham suratga tushgan[7].

Shaxsiy hayot va oʻlimi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Boyer's wife Pat Paterson

Boyer 1942-yil 15-iyunda Los-Anjelesda Qoʻshma Shtatlar fuqaroligini oldi[8].

Boyer fransuz va ingliz tillaridan tashqari italyan, nemis va ispan tillarini bilardi[4].

U 1934-yilda kechki ovqat paytida tanishgan britaniyalik aktrisa Pat Patersonning eri edi. Ikki haftalik tanishuvdan soʻng ular unashtirishdi va uch oydan keyin turmush qurishdi[9]. Keyinchalik ular Gollivuddan Arizona shtatidagi Paradise Valleyga koʻchib oʻtishdi[10]. Nikoh uning oʻlimiga qadar 44-yil davom etdi.

Boyerning yagona farzandi Michael Charles Boyer (1943-yil 9-dekabr — 1965-yil 21-sentyabr) [11] 21 yoshida oʻz joniga qasd qilib vafot etdi. U qiz doʻstidan ajralganidan keyin rus ruleti oʻynagan[12].

Filmografiya[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yil Sarlavha Rol Eslatmalar
1920 L’Homme du large Guenn la Taupe — le mauvais génie de Michel
1921 Chantelouve Roger de Thièvres
1922 Le Grillon du foyer Edouard Caleb
Esclave Claude Laporte
1928 Infernal Circle
1929 Captain Fracasse Duc de Vallombreuse
1930 La Barcarolle d’amour Andre le Kerdec
Revolt in the Prison Fred Morgan
1931 The Magnificent Lie Jacques
Le Procès de Mary Dugan Le procureur
1932 Tumultes Ralph Schwarz
The Man from Yesterday Rene Gaudin
Red-Headed Woman Albert
1933 La Bataille Le marquis Yorisaka
I. F.1 ne répond plus Ellisen
The Empress and I
L'Épervier Comte Georges de Dasetta
F. P.1 Doesnʼt Answer
1934 The Battle Marquis Yorisaka
Liliom Liliom Zadowski
The Only Girl The Duke
Caravan Latzi
Le Bonheur Philippe Lutcher
1935 Private Worlds Doktor Charles Monet
Break of Hearts Franz Roberti
Shanghai Dimitri Koslov
1936 Mayerling L’archiduc Rodolphe
The Garden of Allah Boris Androvsky
I Loved a Soldier Leutnant Baron Almasy Yakunlanmagan film
1937 History Is Made at Night Paul Dumond
Conquest Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
Tovarich Prince Mikail Alexandrovitch Ouratieff
1938 Orage André Pascaud
Algiers Pepe le Moko
1939 Love Affair Michel
When Tomorrow Comes Philip Chagal
Le Corsaire Yakunlanmagan film
1940 All This, and Heaven Too Duc de Praslin
1941 Back Street Walter Saxel
Hold Back the Dawn Georges Iscovescu
Appointment for Love Andre 'Pappy' Cassil
1942 Tales of Manhattan Paul Orman
1943 Flesh and Fantasy Paul Gaspar 3-epizod
The Heart of a Nation Faqat amerika variantida
The Constant Nymph Lewis Dodd
1944 Gaslight Gregory Anton
Together Again George Corday
The Fighting Lady Narrator Faqat fransuz tilida
1945 Confidential Agent Luis Denard
1946 The Battle of the Rails Narrator dublyaj
Cluny Brown Adam Belinski
1948 A Womanʼs Vengeance Henry Maurier
Arch of Triumph Doktor Ravic
1951 The 13th Letter Doktor Paul Laurent
The First Legion Father Marc Arnoux
1952 The Happy Time Jacques Bonnard
Thunder in the East Prime Minister Singh
1953 The Earrings of Madame de… Général André de…
Boum sur Paris Oʻzi
1955 The Cobweb Doktor Douglas N. Devanal
Nana Comte Muffat
1956 Lucky to Be a Woman Count Gregorio Sennetti
Around the World in 80 Days Monsieur Gasse, balloonist
Paris, Palace Hotel Henri Delormel
1957 It Happened on the 36 Candles Oʻzi Akkreditatsiyasiz
La Parisienne Le prince Charles
1958 Maxime Maxime Cherpray
The Buccaneer Dominique You
1961 Fanny Cesar
1962 Les Démons de minuit (film, 1962)[olib tashlash] Pierre
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Marcelo Desnoyers
Adorable Julia Michael Grosselyn
1963 Love Is a Ball M. Etienne Pimm
1965 A Very Special Favor Michel Boullard
1966 How to Steal a Million DeSolnay
Is Paris Burning? Docteur Monod
1967 Casino Royale Le Grand
Barefoot in the Park Victor Velasco
1968 Hot Line Vostov
1969 The April Fools Andre Greenlaw
The Madwoman of Chaillot The Broker
1973 Lost Horizon The High Lama
1974 Stavisky Le baron Jean Raoul
1976 A Matter of Time Count Sanziani Yakuniy roli

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. Obituary Variety, 30 August 1978.
  2. John Arthur Garraty, Mark Christopher Carnes and American Council of Learned Societies. American national biography. Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0-19-512782-9. 
  3. 3,0 3,1 TCM Film Guide, pf. 29.
  4. 4,0 4,1 Swindell, Larry. Charles Boyer: The Reluctant Lover. Doubleday, 1983. ISBN 9780385170529. 
  5. "From obscurity to instant fame Charles Boyer memorized a play in a few hours and became a star" Swindell, Larry. The Globe and Mail; Toronto 8 Mar 1983: E.3.
  6. "Q&A: Charles Boyer" Diehl, Digby. Los Angeles Times 24 Sep 1972: n18.
  7. "Charles Boyer, Epitome of Suave Leading Man, Dies: Charles Boyer, Star for Decades, Dies" Incomplete Source Los Angeles Times 27 August 1978: a1.
  8. British Film Institute. Encyclopedia of European Cinema (Cassell FilmStudies) Ginette Vincendeau: . London: Continuum International Publishing Group (formerly Cassell Academic), 1995. 
  9. TCM Film Guide, p. 31.
  10. „Celebrity Sightings – B“. Bankruptcy & Debt Information from Doney & Associates. Qaraldi: 24-sentabr 2008-yil.
  11. „Entry for Michael C. Boyer“. California Department of Health Services Office of Health Information and Research. Rootsweb. 22-mart 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 28-aprel 2012-yil.
  12. Donnelley, Paul. Fade To Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries, 2nd Edition. London: Omnibus Press, 2005, First edition 2003. ISBN 978-1-84449-430-9.