B. R. Panthulu

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
B. R. Panthulu
Tavalludi
Boodgur Ramakrishnaiah Panthulu

26-iyul 1910-yil
Vafoti 8-oktyabr 1974-yil(1974-10-08)
(64 yoshda)
Fuqaroligi Hindiston, British Raj va Hindiston ittifoqi
Kasbi Aktyor, rejissyor, prodyuser
Turmush oʻrtogʻi B. R Kamalamma (B. R. Andalammal)
Bolalari B. R. Vijayalakshmi, B. R. Ravishankar

Budaguru Ramakrishnaiax Panthulu (inglizcha: Budaguru Ramakrishnaiah Panthulu, tam. பி. ஆர். பந்துலு. 1910-yil 26-iyul — 1974-yil 8-oktyabr) — hind kino rejissyori, prodyuseri va aktyori. U kannada, tamil, telugu va hind tillarida rejissyorlik qilgan filmlar bilan mashhur. Uning eng mashhur filmlari: Karnan, Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Shri Krishnadevaraya, School Master va Kittur Channamma, BR Panthulumuvaffaqiyatli aktyor va Ma. Po. Si.ning biografik asarlari Veerapandiya Kattabomman (18-asrda Tamilnaduda inglizlar bilan jang qilgan mahalliy boshliq haqida film) va Kappalottiya Thamizhan (tamillarga yuk tashish kompaniyalarini boshqarishni taqiqlovchi Britaniya qoidasiga qarshi isyon koʻtargan advokat haqidagi film) filmlari.

Yoshligi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Panthulu1910-yil 26-iyulda sobiq Madras shtatining Arkot tumanidagi Rallabudaguru qishlog‘ida (hozirgi Andhra-Pradesh shtatining Chittoor tumanida) tug‘ilgan[1]. Mehnat faoliyatini o‘qituvchilikdan boshlagan. Oʻsha paytda professional teatrning taʼsiri ostida u Chandrakala Nataka Mandali truppasiga qoʻshildi. Samsara Nouka, Sadarame va Guleba Kavali spektakllarida rol ijro etgan. U shuningdek, bir muncha vaqt Gubbi Veeranna truppasi bilan ishlagan va boshqalar qatori Shri Krishna Garudida rol ijro etgan. Keyin Panthuluoʻzining Kannada professional teatr truppasini — Kalaseva Nataka Mandalini tuzib, oʻzi tanlagan spektakllarni sahnalashtirgan[1].

Faoliyati[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

U aktyor sifatida debyutini 1936-yilda Kannada filmi Samsara Nauka filmida qilgan. Film Chennayda joylashgan Devi Films tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan. H.L.N. Simha rejissyori boʻlgan filmda Pantxulu, M.V. Rajamma, Dikki Madhava Rao, S. K. Padmadevi va M.S. Madhava Rao rol ijro etgan. Qahramon bobosining xohishiga qarshi uylanadi va haydab yuboriladi. Uning qayg‘ulari shu bilan tugamaydi — qaynona-qaynotalaridan iltifot topolmaydi, ishidan ayriladi va bobosi tanlagan kelinni o‘ldirganlikda ayblanadi. Film Chadrakala Natak Mandali pyesasiga moslashtirilgan va asl nusxadagi islohotchilik idealiga sodiq qolgan. 1950-yilda u kinorejissyor P. Pullaya bilan hamkorlikda Macharekhai tamil filmini suratga oldi, keyinchalik u Sukumar Productions nomi bilan mashhur boʻlib, musiqachi TR Mahalingam hamkori sifatida tanildi. Yozuvchi P. Neelakantan bilan u Padmini Pictures kompaniyasini ochdi va 1954-yilda Tamil tilida Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari filmini suratga oldi. Shu ostida u Kannada filmlarining School Master (1958), Kittur Chennamma (1961) va Shri Krishnadevaraya (1970) filmlarini ishlab chiqarishni davom ettirdi, bu esa muhim filmlarga aylandi. Uning Vijayanagara qiroli Krishnadevarayaning bosh vaziri Timmarusu obrazi unga eng yaxshi aktyor uchun Karnataka shtati kino mukofotini qoʻlga kiritdi. Rejissor sifatida Panthulurejissyor sifatida debyuti Kannada filmi Rathnagiri Rahasya bilan oʻsha paytda katta tijorat muvaffaqiyatiga erishdi[1]. U Padmini Pictures bayrogʻi ostida barcha janubiy hind tillarida 57 ta film ishlab chiqargan[2].

Filmografiyasi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yil Sarlavha sifatida kreditlangan Til Rol Eslatma
Rejissor Prodyuser Aktyor
1936 Samsara Nauka Red XN Red XN Green tickY Kannada Sundar
1941 Bhaktimala Red XN Red XN Green tickY Telugu Mohan
1943 Radha Ramana Red XN Red XN Green tickY Kannada
1944 Tahsildar Red XN Red XN Green tickY Telugu
1946 Lavangi Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil
1947 Nam Iruvar Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil Jayakumar
1948 Bhaktha Jana Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil Panthoji, a devotee of Panduranga
1950 Macha Rekai Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil
1953 Ammalakkalu Red XN Red XN Green tickY Telugu
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1954 Jaladurga Red XN Red XN Green tickY Kannada
1954 Karkottai Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil
1955 Modala Thedi Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1955 Mudhal Thethi Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1955 Vadina Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1955 Shivasharane Nambekka Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1955 Modalatedi Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Shivram
1955 Doctor Savithri Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil
1956 Sivasakthi Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1957 Thangamalai Ragasiyam Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1957 Rathnagiri Rahasya Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1958 Sabaash Meena Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1958 School Master Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1958 Suhag Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Hindi
1959 School Master Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Hindi
1959 Abba! A Hudgi Red XN Red XN Green tickY Kannada
1959 Veerapandya Kattabomman Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1959 Veerapandya Kattabrahmana Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1959 Sabaash Pilla Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1959 Amar Shaheed Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Hindi
1960 Makkala Rajya Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1960 Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kudiyarasu Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1960 Pillalu Techina Challani Rajyam Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1960 Sangaili Thevan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1961 Kittur Chennamma Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1961 Kappalottiya Thamizhan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1961 Kaanal Neer Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil Apparao
1962 Gaali Gopura Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1962 Bale Pandiya Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1962 Dil Tera Diwana Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Hindi
1962 Gaali Medalu Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1963 Pempudu Koothuru Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Telugu
1963 Saaku Magalu Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1964 School Master Red XN Green tickY Red XN Malayalam
1964 Chinnada Gombe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1964 Muradan Muthu Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1964 Karnan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1965 Aayirathil Oruvan Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1966 Enga Pappa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil 25th Film
1966 Nadodi Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1966 Nammaveetu Lakshmi Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1966 Parakkum Paavai Red XN Red XN Green tickY Tamil
1966 Dudde Doddappa Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1966 Emme Thammanna Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1967 Gange Gowri Green tickY Kannada
1967 Beedi Basavanna Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1968 Chinnari Puttanna Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1968 Amma Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada Hullalli Ramaraya
1968 Ragasiya Police 115 Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1969 Gandondu Hennaru Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1970 Sri Krishnadevaraya Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada Timmarusu
1970 Thedi Vandha Mappillai Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1971 Aliya Geleya Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1971 Malathi Madhava Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1972 Ondu Hennina Kathe Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Kannada
1973 Ganga Gowri Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1973 School Master Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil
1974 Kadavul Mama Green tickY Green tickY Green tickY Tamil

Mukofotlari[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Mukofot Marosim Turkum Nomzod(lar) Natija Ref.
Afro-Osiyo filmlari festivali Afro-Osiyo kinofestivali — 1960-yil Eng yaxshi film BR Pantxulu Gʻolib
Eng yaxshi aktyor Sivaji Ganesan Gʻolib
Eng yaxshi musiqa direktori G. Ramanatan Gʻolib
Milliy kino mukofotlari
  • 1958-yil: Uchinchi eng yaxshi badiiy film uchun Butun Hindistonning faxriy sertifikati — School Master[3]
  • 1959-yil: Tamil tilida eng yaxshi badiiy film uchun faxriy yorliq — Veerapandiya Kattabomman[4]
  • 1961-yil: Kannadadagi eng yaxshi badiiy film uchun faxriy yorliq — Kittur Chennamma[5]
  • 1961-yil: Tamil tilida eng yaxshi badiiy film uchun Prezidentning kumush medali — Kappalottiya Tamizxan[5]
Karnataka shtati kino mukofotlari
  • 1969―1970-yillar: Eng yaxshi aktyor uchun Karnataka davlat kino mukofoti — Shri Krishnadevaraya
Filmfare mukofotlari
  • 1970-yil: Eng yaxshi film uchun Filmfare mukofoti — Kannada — Shri Krishnadevaraya

BRPantulu boʻyicha kitob[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

AN Prahlada Rao Kannadada BRPanthuluboʻyicha „Danivillada Dhani“ kitobini yozgan boʻlib, uning bolaligi, teatri, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Hind va Malayalam tillarida suratga olingan filmlari tafsilotlaridan iborat. Kitob Karnataka Chalanachitra akademiyasi tomonidan nashr etilgan. Kitob 2016-yil noyabr oyida doktor Bharati Vishnuvardhan tomonidan chiqarilgan. Jurnalist va qissa yozuvchi Jogi Kitob haqida gapirdi. SV Rajendra Singx Baabu raislik qildi.

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Khajane. „A born showman“. The Hindu (2010-yil 23-iyul). 2020-yil 11-oktyabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2017-yil 9-aprel.
  2. „Hundred years of legendary director BR Panthulu“. merinews.com. 2017-yil 9-aprelda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2014-yil 3-dekabr.
  3. „6th National Film Awards“. International Film Festival of India. 2012-yil 20-oktyabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2011-yil 3-sentyabr.
  4. „7th National Film Awards“. Directorate of Film Festivals. 2015-yil 26-martda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2011-yil 4-sentyabr.
  5. 5,0 5,1 „9th National Film Awards“. International Film Festival of India. 2016-yil 2-dekabrda asl nusxadan arxivlangan. Qaraldi: 2011-yil 8-sentyabr.