Tuzdon

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Tuzdon

Tuzdon yoki tuzluq osh tuzi yoki ziravorlar saqlanadigan idishdir. Xuddi shunday murch saqlanadigan idish esa murchdon deb ataladi. Tuzdon va murchdonlar plastik, shisha, metall yoki keramikadan tayyorlanadi.[1] Tuzdonlar 1920-yillarda AQSh kompaniyasi Morton Salt tomonidan tuz qapishishi oldini oluvchi antizichlovchi moddalar chiqarilishidan keyin keng tarqalib ketdi.[2] 1930-yillardagi moliyaviy tushkunlik tufayli keramika sanoati arzon xoʻjalik buyumlari ishlab chiqarishga oʻtib, tuzdon va murchdonlar ishlab chiqarilishi keskin oshdi.[2]

Tuzdonlar funksiyasi tuz va ziravorlarni qopqoqdagi teshiklar orqali dozalab berish va ularni saqlash bilan cheklansa-da, boshqa oshxona anjomlari kabi ularga turli qiyofa berish urf boʻlgan. Natijada tuzdon va murchdonlar kolleksiyalash hobbiga aylangan.[3][4][5][6][7][8] Tuzdon va murchdonlar shakli va dizayni hatto irqiy[9][10] va boshqa madaniy qiymatlar haqida perspektiva berishi mumkin.[11]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. Longenecker, E.Z. (1970) "Using the Slush Casting Method to Make Salt and Pepper Shakers." School Shop. 29(6) p. 56.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Derek Workman (January 23, 2012). Would You Like Some Salt and Pepper? How About 80,000 Shakers' Worth?. Smithsonian Institution. 2013-03-31.07.2014.
  3. The Complete Salt and Pepper Shaker Book, Mike Schneider, Schiffer Publishing (1993), ISBN 0-88740-494-4, ISBN 978-0-88740-494-8
  4. Florence's Big Book of Salt & Pepper Shakers: Identification & Value Guide, Gene Florence, Collector Books (2002), ISBN 1-57432-257-5, ISBN 978-1-57432-257-6
  5. Collecting Salt & Pepper Shaker Series, Irene Thornburg, Schiffer Publishing (1998), ISBN 0-7643-0493-3, ISBN 978-0-7643-0493-4
  6. Salt & Pepper Shakers IV: Identification & Values, Helene Guarnaccia, Collector Books (1993), ISBN 0-89145-547-7, ISBN 978-0-89145-547-9
  7. 1002 Salt and Peppers Shakers: With Prices, Larry Carey and Sylvia Tompkins, Schiffer Publishing (1995), ISBN 0-88740-789-7, ISBN 978-0-88740-789-5
  8. Collector's Encyclopedia of Salt and Pepper Shakers: Second Series (Figural and Novelty 2nd Series), Melva Davern, Collector Books (1990), ISBN 0-89145-407-1, ISBN 978-0-89145-407-6
  9. Holt, T. (1995) "Marking: Race, Race-making, and the Writing of History," American Historical Review. 100(1) p. 8.
  10. Dubin, S. (1987) "Symbolic Slavery: Black Representations in Popular Culture," Social Problems. 34(2) p 126.
  11. Hoffman, D.G. (1950) "Folk Tales of Paul Bunyan: Themes, Structure, Style, Sources," Western Folklore. 9(4) p. 316.

Havolalar[tahrir]