Theda Bara

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Theda Bara
Theda Bara 1921 Orval Hixon (cropped).jpg
Bara 1921-yil
Tavalludi
Theodosia Burr Goodman

29-iyul 1885-yil
Cincinnati, Ohio, A. Q. Sh.
Vafoti 7-aprel 1955-yil(1955-04-07)
(69 yoshda)
Los Angeles, Kaliforniya, A. Q. Sh.
Fuqaroligi AQSh
Kasbi Aktrisa
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
Charles Brabin (turm. 1921)
Faoliyat yillari 1908-1926

Theda Bara (/ˈθdə ˈbærə/ THEE-də BARE[1], qizlik ismi Theodosia Burr Goodman, 1885-yil 29-iyul — 1955-yil 7-aprel) amerikalik ovozsiz kino va sahna aktrisasi edi[2].

Yoshlik[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Bara Theodosia Burr Goodman 1885-yil 29-iyulda Ogayo shtatining Cincinnati shahridagi Avondeyl qismida tugʻilgan[2]. U AQSh vitse-prezidenti Aaron Burrning qizi sharafiga nomlangan[3]. Otasi Bernard Goodman (1853-1936)[4] — Polshadan kelgan yahudiy tikuvchi edi. Onasi esa Pauline Louise Fransuaza (1861-1957) Shveytsariyada tug‘ilgan[5]. Bernard va Pauline 1882-yilda turmush qurishdi. Tedaning ikkita kichik ukasi bor edi: Mark (1888-1954)[6] va Esther (1897-1965)[4].

Karyera[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Baraning ilk filmlarining aksariyati oʻsha paytda kino sanoati markazlashgan Sharqiy qirgʻoq boʻylarida, birinchi navbatda, Nyu-Jersi shtatining Fort Li shahridagi Fox studiyasida suratga olingan[7].

Bu vaqt ichida Bara oilasi bilan Nyu-York shahrida yashagan. Gollivudning Amerika kino sanoatining markazi sifatida yuksalishi uni Los-Anjelesga koʻchib oʻtishga majbur qildi, bu uning eng katta xitlaridan biriga aylangan Cleopatra (1917) dostonida suratga tushdi.

Bara "A Fool There Was" filmida (1915)

Bara 1915-yildan 1919-yilgacha Fox studiyasining eng katta yulduzi boʻlgan, lekin, „Vampir“ boʻlishdan charchagan, u kompaniya bilan besh yillik shartnomasini tugatishga ruxsat oldi. Baraning „Tulki“ haqidagi soʻnggi filmi „The Lure of Ambition“ (1919) edi. 1920-yilda u „The Blue Flame“ filmida Brodveyda paydo boʻlib, qisqa vaqt sahnaga chiqdi. Baraning shon-shuhrati teatrga katta olomonni jalb qildi, ammo uning aktyorlik faoliyati tanqidchilar tomonidan barbod boʻldi[8].

Oʻlim[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Buyuk maqbaradagi Baraning uyi, Oʻrmon maysazori, Glendeyl

1955-yil 7-aprelda Los-Anjelesdagi Kaliforniya Lyuteran kasalxonasida uzoq vaqt yotgandan soʻng, Bara oshqozon saratonidan vafot etdi. Uning eri, onasi va singlisi Lory ortidan qoldi. U Kaliforniyaning Glendeyl shahridagi Forest Lawn Memorial Park qabristoniga Teda Bara Brabin sifatida dafn qilindi[9].

Filmografiya[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Yil Film Rol Eslatmalar
1914 The Stain Gang moll Theodosia Goodman nomidan olingan
1915 A Fool There Was Vampir
1915 The Kreutzer Sonata Celia Friedlander Lost film
1915 The Clemenceau Case Iza Lost film
1915 The Devil’s Daughter Gioconda Dianti Lost film
1915 Lady Audley’s Secret Helen Talboys Lost film
1915 The Two Orphans Henriette Lost film
1915 Sin Rosa Lost film
1915 Carmen Carmen Lost film
1915 The Galley Slave Francesca Brabaut Lost film
1915 Destruction Fernade Lost film
1916 The Serpent Vania Lazar Lost film
1916 Gold and the Woman Theresa Decordova Lost film
1916 The Eternal Sapho Laura Bruffins Lost film
1916 East Lynne Lady Isabel Carlisle
1916 Under Two Flags Sigara Lost film
1916 Her Double Life Mary Doone Lost film
1916 Romeo and Juliet Juliet Lost film
1916 The Vixen Elsie Drummond Lost film
1917 The Darling of Paris Esmeralda Lost film
1917 The Tiger Woman Malika Petrovitch Lost film
1917 Her Greatest Love Hazel Lost film
1917 Heart and Soul Jess Lost film
1917 Camille Marguerite Gauthier[10] Lost film
1917 Cleopatra Cleopatra Taxminan 20 soniya
1917 The Rose of Blood Lisza Tapenka Lost film
1917 Madame Du Barry Jeanne Vaubernier Lost film
1918 The Forbidden Path Mary Lynde Lost film
1918 The Soul of Buddha Priestess Ertak, Lost film
1918 Under the Yoke Maria Valverda Lost film
1918 Salomé Salome Taxminan 2 daqiqa omon qoladi
1918 When a Woman Sins Lilian Marchard / Poppea Lost film
1918 The She-Devil Lorette Lost film
1919 The Light Blanchette Dumond, aka Madame Lefresne Lost film
1919 When Men Desire Marie Lohr Lost film
1919 The Sirenʼs Song Marie Bernais Lost film
1919 A Woman There Was Malika Zara Lost film
1919 Kathleen Mavourneen Kathleen Cavanagh Lost film
1919 La Belle Russe Fleurett Sackton/La Belle Russe Lost film
1919 The Lure of Ambition Olga Dolan Lost film; 82-soniyalik[11]
1925 The Unchastened Woman Caroline Knollys
1926 Madame Mystery Madame Mysterieux Qisqa film
1926 45 Minutes from Hollywood Oʻzi Qisqa film

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. Archived at Ghostarchive and the „Theda Bara Speaking 1936“. YouTube. 9-noyabr 2010-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.
    „Theda Bara Speaking 1936“. YouTube. Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.
  2. 2,0 2,1 „Theda Bara, Screen Star, 68. 'Siren' of Silent Films Was Top Box-Office Attraction During the Twenties Denounced in Churches 'Cleopatra' 'The Vampire,' 'Salome' And 'Madame Du Barry' Among Her Hits Screen 'Vampire'“. The New York Times (8-aprel 1955-yil).
  3. „The Dramatic Life and Mysterious Death of Theodosia Burr“. Atlas Obscura (7-oktabr 2016-yil). Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.
  4. 4,0 4,1 „Theda makes 'em all Baras“. The New York Times (17-noyabr 1917-yil).
  5. Genini, Ronald. Theda Bara: A Biography of the Silent Screen Vamp, with a Filmography. McFarland, 1996. ISBN 9780786491612. 
  6. Marque Bara. The Newport Daily News (26-aprel 1954-yil), s. 2.
  7. Fort Lee: Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry. Arcadia Publishing, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7385-4501-1. 
  8. Golden, Eve. Vamp: The Rise and Fall of Theda Bara. Vestal, NY: Emprise, 1996 — 204–209 bet. ISBN 1-887322-00-0. OCLC 34575681. 
  9. „Rites for Theda Bara Today“. The New York Times (9-aprel 1955-yil). Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.
  10. „Theda Bara Makes 'Camille' Reality“. Hartford Courant (30-oktabr 1917-yil). Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil. „Heralded as one of the screen triumphs of the day, "Camille", adapted from the Dumas novel, and with Theda Bara the featured player, fulfills the promises of the management of Poli's Theater, where this film really heads the bill this half of the week. Vaudeville must...“.
  11. Archived at Ghostarchive and the „Lost Film segment – Theda Bara – 1919 (currently unknown film source)“. YouTube. 8-noyabr 2019-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.
    „Lost Film segment – Theda Bara – 1919 (currently unknown film source)“. YouTube. Qaraldi: 8-oktabr 2019-yil.