Humphrey Bogart

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart 1940.jpg
Bogart 1940-yil
Tavalludi
Humphrey DeForest Bogart

25-dekabr 1899-yil
New York City, A. Q. Sh.
Vafoti 14-yanvar 1957-yil(1957-01-14)
(57 yoshda)
Los Angeles, Kaliforniya, A. Q. Sh.
Fuqaroligi AQSh
Kasbi Aktyor
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
Otasi Dr. Belmont DeForest Bogart
Onasi Maud Humphrey
Partiyasi Demokratik
Faoliyat yillari 1921-1956
Mukofotlari Academy Award for Best Actor
The African Queen (1952)
Bolalari 2
Sayt humphreybogart.com
Imzo
Humphrey Bogart signature.svg

Humphrey DeForest Bogart (/ˈbɡɑrt/[1], 1899-yil 25-dekabr — 1957-yil 14-yanvar), Bogi laqabli, amerikalik kino va sahna aktyori edi. Klassik Gollivud kino filmlaridagi chiqishlari uni Amerika madaniyatining timsoliga aylantirdi[2]. 1999-yilda Amerika kino instituti Bogartni klassik Amerika kinosining eng buyuk erkak yulduzi sifatida tanladi[3].

Erta hayot va taʼlim[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

See caption
Bogartning tugʻilgan joyi xotirasiga lavha

Humphrey DeForest Bogart 1899-yil Rojdestvo kunida Nyu-York shahrida Belmont DeForest Bogart va Maud Humphreyning toʻngʻich farzandi sifatida tugʻilgan[4][5]. Belmont Adam Welty Bogart (Kanandaigua, Nyu-York, mehmonxona egasi) va boy merosxoʻr Julia Augusta Stilesning baxtsiz nikohidan yagona farzandi edi[6]. „Bogart“ nomi gollandiyalik „Bogaert“ familiyasidan kelib chiqqan[7]. Belmont va Maud 1898-yil iyun oyida turmush qurishdi. U asli ingliz va gollandiyalik boʻlgan presviterian va Sarah Rapelje (Yangi Niderlandiyada tugʻilgan birinchi yevropalik bola) avlodi edi. Maud ingliz merosining episkopali va Mayflower yoʻlovchisi John Howlendning avlodi edi. Humphrey yepiskop sifatida tarbiyalangan, ammo kattalar hayotining koʻp qismini mashq qilmagan[8].

Photo of a standing Maud Humphrey, Bogartʼs mother
Maud Humphrey 1897-yilda „American Women“ kitobida

Bogartning otasi Belmont kardiopulmoner jarroh edi. Maud tijorat illyustratori boʻlgan, u Nyu-York va Frantsiyada badiiy taʼlim olgan, jumladan, James Abbott McNeill Wistler bilan birga oʻrgangan. Keyinchalik u The Delineator moda jurnalining badiiy direktori va jangarilarning ovoz berish huquqiga ega boʻldi.

Mukofot va unvonlar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Bogartning shon-shuhrat xiyobonidagi yulduzi, Gollivud bulvari 6322

1946-yil 21-avgustda u Graumanning Xitoy teatrida oʻtkazilgan marosimda qoʻl va oyoq izlarini sementga yozib oldi. 1960-yil 8-fevralda Bogart vafotidan keyin Gollivud bulvari 6322-da kino yulduzi bilan Gollivud shon-shuhrat xiyoboniga kiritildi[9].

Filmografiya[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Sana Dastur Epizod
1939-yil Lux Radio Theatre Bullets or Ballots[10]
1940-yil The Gulf Screen Guild Theater The Petrified Forest
1941-yil The Gulf Screen Guild Theater If Only She Could Cook
1941-yil The Gulf Screen Guild Theater The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse
1941-yil The Gulf Screen Guild Theater If You Could Only Cook
1942-yil The Screen Guild Theater High Sierra[11][12]
1943-yil The Screen Guild Theater Casablanca[13]
1943-yil The Screen Guild Theater The Maltese Falcon[14][15]
1944-yil Screen Guild Players High Sierra[16]
1945-yil Lux Radio Theatre Moontide
1946-yil Academy Award Theater The Maltese Falcon[15]
1946-yil Lux Radio Theatre To Have and Have Not[17]
1949-yil Lux Radio Theatre Treasure of the Sierra Madre
1951-yil Bold Venture
1952-yil Stars in the Air The House on 92nd Street[18]
1952-yil Lux Radio Theatre The African Queen[19]

Manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

  1. „Bogart.“ Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Retrieved: March 13, 2014.
  2. Sragow, Michael. „Spring Films/Revivals; How One Role Made Bogart Into an Icon.“ The New York Times, January 16, 2000. Retrieved: February 22, 2009.
  3. „AFI'S 100 Years...100 Stars: AFI's 50 Greatest American Screen Legends“. American Film Institute. 10-oktabr 2018-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 15-mart 2019-yil.
  4. Ontario County Times birth announcement, January 10, 1900.
  5. Birthday of Reckoning.
  6. „Phillips Academy – Notable Alumni: Short List“. www.andover.edu. 27-oktabr 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 1-noyabr 2016-yil.
  7. Meyers 1997, s. 5.
  8. „The religious affiliation of Humphrey Bogart.“ Adherents.com. Retrieved: January 25, 2011.
  9. „Hollywood Walk of Fame – Humphrey Bogart“. walkoffame.com. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Qaraldi: 21-noyabr 2017-yil.
  10. „Radio Classics: Bullets or Ballots rebroadcast“. Radio Classics. November 18, 2015. Sirius XM. Channel 148. Qaraldi: November 18, 2015.
  11. „The Gulf Screen Guild Theatre“. RadioGOLDINdex. 5-dekabr 2018-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 2-noyabr 2015-yil.
  12. „Screen Guild Theater“. Internet Archive. Qaraldi: 2-noyabr 2015-yil.
  13. Bogart, Humphrey; Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid. Casablanca: The Ultimate Collector's Edition [multi-disc DVD set]. Warner Home Video. (1942).
  14. Terrace, Vincent. Radio Programs, 1924–1984:A Catalog of Over 1800 Shows. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1999. ISBN 0-7864-0351-9. 
  15. 15,0 15,1 Bogart, Humphrey; Mary Astor, Gladys George. The Maltese Falcon 3 Disc Special Edition [multi-disc DVD set]. Warner Home Video. (1941).
  16. "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest 41 (3): 32–39. Summer 2015. 
  17. „Bacall & Bogart Lux Theatre Stars“. Harrisburg Telegraph (12-oktabr 1946-yil), s. 17. Qaraldi: 1-oktabr 2015-yil. Andoza:Open access
  18. "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest 35 (2): 32–39. Spring 2009. 
  19. „Better Radio Programs for the Week“. The Decatur Daily Review (14-dekabr 1952-yil), s. 54.