Bhopal falokati

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Bhopal falokati qurbonlariga memorial. Devorda Bhopal falokati 1984—?. Azob davom etmoqda, kurash ham. deb yozilgan.

Bhopal falokati yoki Bhopal fojiasi Hindistonning Bhopal shahrida 1984-yil 2-3-dekabrida sodir boʻlgan gaz sirqishi hodisasi boʻlib, qurbonlari soniga koʻra dunyoning eng katta sanoat falokatlaridan biridir.[1] Falokat Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) kompaniyasiga tegishli pestitsid zavodidan metilizotsianat va boshqa zaharli gazlarning sizib chiqishi bilan boshlandi. 500 mingdan ziyod aholi zaharlandi.[2] Halok boʻlganlar soni turlicha baholanadi. Rasmiy xabarga binoan falokat kechasi 2 mingdan ziyod odam halok boʻldi. Madhya Pradesh shtati hukumati 3787 nafar kishining zaharlanib oʻlgani haqida xabar chiqardi.[3] Boshqa taxminlarga binoan gaz sirqishidan keyingi ikki hafta ichida 8 ming kishi halok boʻlgan, yana 8 ming kishi shu kungacha gazdan kasallanib, vafot etgan.[4][5] 2006-yilgi hukumat bayonnomasida gaz sirqishi 558 125 jarohat, bulardan 38 478 nafari qisman, 3 900 nafari esa batamom nogiron boʻlib qolgani taʼkidlanadi.[6]

UCIL Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) ning Hindistondagi boʻlimi boʻlib, qisman hind hukumati boshqaruvi ostida edi. 1994-yilda UCC UCIL ni Eveready Indistries India Limited (EIIL) ga sotdi. EIIL 1998-yilda falokat joyini tozalab, sobiq zavod joyini Madhya Pradesh hukumatiga topshirdi. 2001-yilda Dow Chemical Company UCC ni sotib oldi.

Bhopal tuman sudida UCC va Warren Anderson (fojia paytidagi UCC direktori) ga qarshi fuqarolik va jinoiy ishlar koʻrib chiqilmoqda.[7][8] 2010-yil iyunida yettita UCIL xodimi aybdor deb topilib, har biri $2 ming jarima va ikki yillik qamoq jazosiga tortildi.[1]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. 1,0 1,1 "Bhopal trial: Eight convicted over India gas disaster". BBC News. 7 June 2010. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100607185745/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8725140.stm. Qaraldi: 2010-06-07. 
  2. Varma, Roli; Daya R. Varma (2005). "The Bhopal Disaster of 1984". Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society. 
  3. Madhya Pradesh Government : Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, Bhopal. Mp.gov.in. 2012-08-28.
  4. Eckerman, Ingrid (2001). Chemical Industry and Public Health—Bhopal as an example (PDF).  Essay for MPH. A short overview, 57 pages, 82 references.
  5. Eckerman, Ingrid (2005). The Bhopal Saga—Causes and Consequences of the World's Largest Industrial Disaster. India: Universities Press. ISBN 81-7371-515-7.  Preview Google books All known facts 1960s – 2003, systematised and analysed. 283 pages, over 200 references.
  6. AK Dubey (21 June 2010). "Bhopal Gas Tragedy: 92% injuries termed "minor"". First14 News. Archived from the original on 26 June 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5qmWBEWcb. Qaraldi: 2010-06-26. 
  7. "Company Defends Chief in Bhopal Disaster". New York Times. 3 August 2009. http://dealbook.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/03/company-defends-chief-in-bhopal-disaster/. Qaraldi: 2010-04-26. 
  8. "U.S. Exec Arrest Sought in Bhopal Disaster". CBS News. 31 July 2009. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/07/31/world/main5201155.shtml. Qaraldi: 2010-04-26. 

Havolalar[tahrir]