Qumbaliq

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Qumbaliq urug'i
Gobio gobio2.jpg
Gobio gobio
Biologik klassifikatsiya
Olam: Hayvonlar
Tip: Xordalilar
Sinf: Shu'laqanotli baliqlar
Turkum: Karpsimonlar
Oila: Qumbaliqlar
Urugʻ: Gobio
Cuvier, 1816
Tip tur
Cyprinus gobio
Linnaeus, 1758

Qumbaliq (Gobio) — qumbaliqlar (Gobionidae) oilasining tipik urugʻi.

Qumbaliq urugʻi vakillarining aksariyati janubi-sharqiy Yevropadagi suv havzalarida uchraydi. Mayda oʻsimlikxoʻr baliqlar. Oʻlchami 10 sm gacha boradi[1].

Oʻzbekistonda ushbu urugʻning uch turi: Sibir qumbaligʻi, Turkiston qumbaligʻi hamda qora dogʻli qumbaliq uchrashi qayd etilgan[2].

Turlari[tahrir]

Hozirgi vaqtda ushbu urugʻning 46 turi mavjud[3]:

  • Gobio acutipinnatus Menshikov, 1939
  • Gobio alverniae Kottelat & Persat, 2005
  • Gobio artvinicus Turan, Japoshvili, Aksu & Bektaş, 2016
  • Gobio balcanicus Dimovski & Grupche, 1977
  • Gobio baliki Turan, Kaya, Bayçelebi, Aksu & Bektaş, 2017
  • Gobio battalgilae Naseka, Erk’akan & Küçük, 2006
  • Gobio brevicirris Fowler, 1976
  • Gobio bulgaricus Drensky, 1926
  • Gobio carpathicus Vladykov, 1925
  • Gobio caucasicus Kamensky, 1901
  • Gobio coriparoides Nichols, 1925
  • Gobio cynocephalus Dybowski, 1869
  • Gobio fahrettini Turan, Kaya, Bayçelebi, Aksu & Bektaş, 2018
  • Gobio feraeensis Stephanidis, 1973
  • Gobio fushunensis Xie, Li & Xie, 2007
  • Gobio gobio (Linnaeus, 1758) (Oddiy qumbaliq)
  • Gobio gymnostethus Ladiges, 1960
  • Gobio hettitorum Ladiges, 1960
  • Gobio holurus Fowler, 1976
  • Gobio huanghensis Lu, Luo & Chen, 1977
  • Gobio insuyanus Ladiges, 1960
  • Gobio intermedius Battalgil, 1944
  • Gobio kizilirmakensis Turan, Japoshvili, Aksu & Bektaş, 2016
  • Gobio kovatschevi Chichkoff, 1937
  • Gobio krymensis Bănărescu & Nalbant, 1973
  • Gobio kubanicus Vasil’eva, 2004
  • Gobio lepidolaemus Kessler, 1872 (Turkiston qumbaligʻi)
  • Gobio lingyuanensis Mori, 1934
  • Gobio lozanoi Doadrio & Madeira, 2004
  • Gobio macrocephalus Mori, 1930
  • Gobio maeandricus Naseka, Erk’akan & Küçük, 2006
  • Gobio meridionalis Xu, 1987
  • Gobio microlepidotus Battalgil, 1942
  • Gobio nigrescens (Keyserling, 1861) (Qora dogʻli qumbaliq)
  • Gobio obtusirostris Valenciennes, 1842
  • Gobio occitaniae Kottelat & Persat, 2005
  • Gobio ohridanus Karaman, 1924
  • Gobio rivuloides Nichols, 1925
  • Gobio sakaryaensis Turan, Ekmekçi, Luskova & Mendel, 2012
  • Gobio sarmaticus Berg, 1949
  • Gobio sibiricus Nikolskii, 1936 (Sibir qumbaligʻi)
  • Gobio skadarensis Karaman, 1937
  • Gobio soldatovi Berg, 1914
  • Gobio tauricus Vasil’eva, 2005
  • Gobio tchangi Li, 2015
  • Gobio volgensis Vasil’eva, Mendel, Vasil’ev, Lusk & Lusková, 2008

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Gobio in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  2. Sheraliev, B.; Allayarov, S.; Peng, Z. (2020). "First records of Gobio nigrescens and Gobio sibiricus (Cypriniformes: Gobionidae) from the Amu Darya River basin, Uzbekistan". Journal of Applied Ichthyology 36 (2): 235–239. doi:10.1111/jai.14019. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jai.14019. 
  3. Fricke, R.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Van der Laan, R. (eds) (2020). ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp.