Middlemarch

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Middlemarch
Middlemarch 1.jpg
Muallif George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)
Janr roman
Til inglizcha
Nashriyot William Blackwood and Sons
Nashr etilgan sanasi 1871–1872
ISBN ISBN 0-00-000000-0
Oldingisi Felix Holt, the Radical (1866)
Keyingisi Daniel Deronda (1874–1876)

Middlemarch, A Study of Provincial Life — George Eliot taxallusi bilan ijod qilgan ingliz yozuvchisi Mary Anne Evans qalamiga mansub roman. Dastlab, bu roman 1871 va 1872-yilda sakkiz qismda (jildlarda) chop etilgan. Romandagi voqealar, 1829-1832-yillarda Midland shahrida boʻlib oʻtadi. Unda koʻplab kitob qahramonlari bilan bir-biriga oʻxshash turli xil hikoyalar ham uchraydi.[1] Asarda qiyinchiliklarga nisbatan ayollarning holati, turmushning mohiyati, idealizm, shaxsiy manfaat, din, ikkiyuzlamachilik, siyosiy islohot va taʼlim kabi mavzular aks ettirilgan. Kulguli elementlari mavjud boʻlishiga qaramay, Middlemarch, tarixiy voqealarni aks ettirish uchun realizmdan foydalanadi. Asar muallifi hisoblanmish Eliot, ushbu roman 1869-1870-yillarda yozishni boshlagan va 1871-yilda yakunlagan. Dastlabki sharhlar turli-tuman edi, biroq hozir kunga kelib, bu roman uning eng yaxshi asari va eng buyuk inglizcha romanlaridan biri sifatida qaralmoqda.[2]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. The Bloomsbury Guide to English Literature, ed. Marion Wynne-Davies. New York: Prentice Hall, 1990, p. 719. Carolyn Steedman, „Going to Middlemarch: History and the Novel“, Michigan Quarterly Review XL, No. 3 (Summer 2001). Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  2. F. R. Leavis, The Great Tradition. New York: George W. Stewart, 1948.

Qoʻshimcha maʼlumotlar[tahrir]

  • Adam, Ian, ed. (1975). This Particular Web: essays on Middlemarch. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
  • Bloom, Harold, ed. (2009). George Eliot. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea ISBN 9781438116006.
  • Carroll, David, ed. (1971). George Eliot: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge & K Paul. ISBN 0-7100-6936-7
  • Chase, Karen, ed. (2006). Middlemarch in the Twenty-First Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Daiches, David (1963). George Eliot: Middlemarch. London: Arnold
  • Dentith, Simon (1986). George Eliot. Brighton, Sussex: Harvester Press. ISBN 0-7108-0588-8
  • Garrett, Peter K (1980). The Victorian Multiplot Novel: Studies in Dialogical Form. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02403-7
  • Graver, Suzanne (1984). George Eliot and Community: A Study in Social Theory and Fictional Form. Berkeley: University of California Press.ISBN 0-520-04802-4.
  • Harvey, W. J. (1961). The Art of George Eliot. London: Chatto & Windus
  • Harvey, W. J. (1967). „Criticism of the Novel: Contemporary Reception“. In Hardy, Barbara Nathan. Middlemarch: Critical Approaches to the Novel (2013 ed.). London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781472536143
  • Kettle, Arnold (1951). An Introduction to the English Novel, Volume I: To George Eliot. London: Hutchinson
  • Neale, Catherine (1989). George Eliot, Middlemarch. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-077173-5

Havolalar[tahrir]