Litvaga qarashli shaharlar roʻyxati

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Litvada 103 ta shahar bor (litva tilida: birlik — miestas, koʻplik — miestai). Shahar atamasi Litva parlamenti tomonidan 3000 dan ortiq aholi istiqomat qiladigan ixcham shaharlar sifatida belgilanadi, ularning kamida uchdan ikki qismi sanoat yoki xizmat koʻrsatish sohasida ishlab keladi. Aholisi 3000 dan kam boʻlgan, lekin tarixan shahar maqomiga ega boʻlgan aholi punktlari hali ham shahar deb atab kelinadi. Kichikroq aholi punktlari miestelis (koʻplik miesteliai) deb ataladi, bu shaharlar deb tarjima qilinadi. Hatto kichikroq aholi punktlari (qishloqlar) kaimas (koʻplik kaimai) deb nomlanadi. Koʻpincha rasmiy maqom aniq emas va odamlar shahar va qishloqlarni gyvenvietė (koʻplik gyvenvietės) deb atashadi, bu esa mohiyatan aholi punktiga toʻgʻri keladi.

Shaharlar XIII—XIV-asrlarda Buyuk Litva knyazligi bilan birgalikda shakllana boshlangan. Shahar maqomini birinchi boʻlib Klaypėda olgan edi. Oʻrta asr qonunlariga koʻra, shahar oʻz yarmarkalari, tavernalari, sudlari va boshqa shu kabi rasmiy tashkilotlariga ega boʻlishi mumkin edi. Baʼzi sobiq shaharlar oʻz maqomini yoʻqotgan va endi ular bor yoʻgʻi shaharcha yoki qishloq sifatida saqlanib turibdi. Bunga misol qilib, Kernave yoki Merkinėni keltirib oʻtish mumkin. Litvada shaharlarning aksariyati XVIII-asrdan avvalroq tashkil etila boshlangan. Ularning joylashishi asosan savdo va transport yoʻllari bilan belgilanadi. Baʼzi yangi shaharlar temir yoʻl qurilishi tufayli oʻsib borgan, masalan, Kaišiadorys, Vievis, Radviliškis, Ignalina yoki Majeykyay. Oʻtgan asrda shaharlar yirik sanoat markazlari yonida oʻsgan edi, bular jumlasiga, Visaginas, Elektrėnai yoki Naujoji Akmenė kabi shaharlarni misol qilib keltirish mumkin. Beshta shahar — Birštonas, Druskininkay, Neringa, Palanga va Anykščiai — maxsus kurort maqomiga ega.

Shaharlarning aksariyati kichik. Aholisi 20 000 dan ortiq boʻlgan atigi 14 ta shahar mavjud. Shaharlar Litva hududi boʻylab bir tekisda joylashgan. 2001-yilgi aholini roʻyxatga olishda olingan maʼlumotlarga koʻra aholining 66,7 % shaharlarda yashayotgani maʼlum boʻlgan va bu foiz juda tez suratlarda oʻsib bormoqda.

Aholisi 20 000 dan kam boʻlgan shaharlar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

# Gerb Shahar Talaffuz

(audio yordam)
Aholisi (2001) Aholisi (2020) Shahar huquqi berilgan yili Viloyat Munitsipalitet
15 Visaginas COA.svg Visaginas Listen • Info 29,554 18,024 1977 Utena County Visaginas Municipality
16 Plunge COA.gif Plungė Listen • Info 23,436 16,750 1792 Telšiai County Plungė District Municipality
17 Kretinga COA.gif Kretinga Listen • Info 21,423 16,580 1609 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
18 Coat of arms of Palanga (Lithuania).svg Palanga Listen • Info 17,623 16,046 1791 Klaipėda County Palanga City Municipality
19 Radviliškis Coat of Arms.svg Radviliškis Listen • Info 20,339 15,154 1923 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
20 Coat of arms of Silute (Lithuania).svg Šilutė Listen • Info 21,476 14,986 1941 Klaipėda County Šilutė District Municipality
21 Gargzdai COA.gif Gargždai Listen • Info 15,212 14,402 1792 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
22 Coat of arms of Druskininkai (Lithuania).svg Druskininkai Listen • Info 18,233 12,055 1893 Alytus County Druskininkai Municipality
23 Rokiškis COA.svg Rokiškis Listen • Info 16,746 11,765 1920 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
24 Elektrenai COA.svg Elektrėnai Listen • Info 14,050 11,588 1962 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
25 Kursenai COA.gif Kuršėnai Listen • Info 14,197 10,829 1946 Šiauliai County Šiauliai District Municipality
26 Grigiskes COA.gif Grigiškės Listen • Info 11,448 10,808 1958 Vilnius County Vilnius City Municipality
27 Birzai COA.png Biržai Listen • Info 15,262 10,146 1589 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
28 Lentvaris COA.svg Lentvaris Listen • Info 11,773 10,004 1946 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
29 Coat of arms of Joniskis.svg Joniškis Listen • Info 11,329 9,900 1616 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
30 Garliava COA.svg Garliava Listen • Info 13,322 9,873 1958 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
31 Jurbarkas COA.gif Jurbarkas Listen • Info 13,797 9,711 1611 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
32 Raseiniai COA.svg Raseiniai Listen • Info 12,541 9,686 1492-1506 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
33 Vilkaviškis CoA.svg Vilkaviškis Listen • Info 13,283 9,444 1660 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
34 Anyksciai COA.gif Anykščiai Listen • Info 11,958 8,491 1516 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
35 Prienai COA.gif Prienai Listen • Info 11,353 8,451 1609 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
36 Varena COA.gif Varėna Listen • Info 10,845 7,892 1946 Alytus County Varėna District Municipality
37 Kelmes-herbas.svg Kelmė Listen • Info 10,900 7,499 1947 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
38 Kaisiadorys COA.gif Kaišiadorys Listen • Info 10,002 7,367 1946 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
39 Naujoji Akmenė COA.svg Naujoji Akmenė Listen • Info 12,345 7,194 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
40 Herb Soleczników.svg Šalčininkai Listen • Info 6,722 6,715 1956 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
41 Pasvalys COA.svg Pasvalys Listen • Info 8,709 6,361 1946 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
42 Coat of arms of Zarasai.svg Zarasai Listen • Info 8,365 6,051 1843 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
43 Kupiskis COA.gif Kupiškis Listen • Info 8,451 5,907 1791 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
44 Coat of arms of Kazlu Ruda (Lithuania).svg Kazlų Rūda Listen • Info 7,401 5,666 1950 Marijampolė County Kazlų Rūda Municipality
45 Coat of arms of Širvintos (Lithuania).svg Širvintos Listen • Info 7,273 5,513 1950 Vilnius County Širvintos District Municipality
46 Coat of arms of Moletai (Lithuania).svg Molėtai Listen • Info 7,221 5,497 1956 Utena County Molėtai District Municipality
47 Coa pabrade.png Pabradė Listen • Info 6,525 5,286 1946 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
48 Skuodas COA.gif Skuodas Listen • Info 7,896 5,163 1572 Klaipėda County Skuodas District Municipality
49 Sakiai COA.gif Šakiai Listen • Info 6,795 4,988 1776 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
50 Coat of arms of Ignalina (Lithuania).svg Ignalina Listen • Info 6,591 4,836 1950 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
51 Lazdijai COA.svg Lazdijai Listen • Info 5,140 4,811 1957 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
52 Herb Nowych Święcian.svg Švenčionėliai Listen • Info 6,923 4,726 1920 Vilnius County Švenčionys District Municipality
53 Coat of arms of Šilalė.svg Šilalė Listen • Info 6,281 4,640 1950 Tauragė County Šilalė District Municipality
54 Nemencine COA.gif Nemenčinė Listen • Info 5,892 4,493 1955 Vilnius County Vilnius District Municipality
55 Kybartai COA.gif Kybartai Listen • Info 6,556 4,461 1947 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
56 Vievis COA.gif Vievis Listen • Info 5,303 4,461 1950 Vilnius County Elektrėnai Municipality
57 Coat of arms of Pakruojis (Lithuania).svg Pakruojis Listen • Info 6,057 4,352 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
58 Trakai (Lithuania) CoA.svg Trakai Listen • Info 5,725 4,141 1409 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
59 Švenčionys COA.svg Švenčionys Listen • Info 5,684 4,065 1800 Vilnius County Švenčionys district
60 Rietavas COA.gif Rietavas Listen • Info 3,979 3,843 1792 Telšiai County Rietavas Municipality
61 Kalvarija COA.gif Kalvarija Listen • Info 5,090 3,766 1791 Marijampolė County Kalvarija Municipality
62 Ziezmariai COA.gif Žiežmariai Listen • Info 3,884 3,759 1792 Kaunas County Kaišiadorys District Municipality
63 Eisiskes COA.png Eišiškės Listen • Info 3,765 3,610 1950 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
64 Coat of arms of Ariogala.svg Ariogala Listen • Info 3,697 3,458 1792 Kaunas County Raseiniai District Municipality
65 Coat of arms of Neringa (Lithuania).svg Neringa Listen • Info 2,386 3,371 1961 Klaipėda County Neringa Municipality
66 Seduva COA.gif Šeduva Listen • Info 3,400 3,200 1654 Šiauliai County Radviliškis District Municipality
67 Birstonas COA.svg Birštonas Listen • Info 3,225 3,172 1518? Kaunas County Birštonas Municipality
68 Venta COA.gif Venta Listen • Info 3,412 2,959 1978 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69 Coat of arms of Akmenė (Lithuania).svg Akmenė Listen • Info 3,140 2,690 1792 Šiauliai County Akmenė District Municipality
69 TytuvenaiCOA.jpg Tytuvėnai Listen • Info 2,851 2,690 1956 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
71 LIT Rudziszki COA.jpg Rūdiškės Listen • Info 2,559 2,472 1958 Vilnius County Trakai District Municipality
72 Vilkija COA.gif Vilkija Listen • Info 2,338 2,301 1792 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
73 Pagegiai COA.gif Pagėgiai Listen • Info 2,393 2,236 1923 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality
74 LIT Wieksznie COA.jpg Viekšniai Listen • Info 2,270 2,198 1791 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
75 Coat of arms of Žagarė.svg Žagarė Listen • Info 2,312 2,115 1924 Šiauliai County Joniškis District Municipality
76 Ezerelis COA.svg Ežerėlis Listen • Info 2,051 2,014 1956 Kaunas County Kaunas District Municipality
77 LIT Skaudwile COA.jpg Skaudvilė Listen • Info 2,140 1,976 1950 Tauragė County Tauragė District Municipality
78 Gelgaudiskis COA.gif Gelgaudiškis Listen • Info 2,029 1,936 1958 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
79 Kudirkos Naumiestis COA.gif Kudirkos Naumiestis Listen • Info 1,997 1,916 1643 Marijampolė County Šakiai District Municipality
80 Simnas COA.gif Simnas Listen • Info 1,980 1,844 1626 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
81 Salantai COA.gif Salantai Listen • Info 1,942 1,825 1746 Klaipėda County Kretinga District Municipality
82 Linkuva COA.gif Linkuva Listen • Info 1,797 1,735 1950 Šiauliai County Pakruojis District Municipality
83 LIT Remigoła COA.png Ramygala Listen • Info 1,733 1,695 1957 Panevėžys County Panevėžys District Municipality
84 Priekule COA.gif Priekulė Listen • Info 1,725 1,663 1948 Klaipėda County Klaipėda District Municipality
85 LIT Wiejsieje COA.gif Veisiejai Listen • Info 1,762 1,592 1956 Alytus County Lazdijai District Municipality
86 Coat of arms of Daugai.svg Daugai Listen • Info 1,458 1,432 1792 Alytus County Alytus District Municipality
87 LIT Johaniszkiele COA.jpg Joniškėlis Listen • Info 1,477 1,389 1736 Panevėžys County Pasvalys District Municipality
88 Jieznas COA.gif Jieznas Listen • Info 1,476 1,311 1956 Kaunas County Prienai District Municipality
89 Obeliai COA.gif Obeliai Listen • Info 1,371 1,293 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
90 Varniai COA.gif Varniai Listen • Info 1,355 1,258 1950 Telšiai County Telšiai District Municipality
91 Virbalis COA.gif Virbalis Listen • Info 1,351 1,250 1593 Marijampolė County Vilkaviškis District Municipality
92 Seda COA.gif Seda Listen • Info 1,309 1,189 1950 Telšiai County Mažeikiai District Municipality
93 Vabalninkas COA.gif Vabalninkas Listen • Info 1,328 1,155 1775 Panevėžys County Biržai District Municipality
94 Subačius Listen • Info 1,180 1,105 1958 Panevėžys County Kupiškis District Municipality
95 Herb Białej Waki.svg Baltoji Vokė Listen • Info 1,073 1,073 1958 Vilnius County Šalčininkai District Municipality
96 Pandelys COA.gif Pandėlys Listen • Info 1,024 941 1956 Panevėžys County Rokiškis District Municipality
97 Dukstoherbas.PNG Dūkštas Listen • Info 1,070 930 1956 Utena County Ignalina District Municipality
98 Uzventis COA.gif Užventis Listen • Info 898 844 1746 Šiauliai County Kelmė District Municipality
99 Dusetos COA.gif Dusetos Listen • Info 914 831 1950 Utena County Zarasai District Municipality
100 Kavarsko herbas.jpg Kavarskas Listen • Info 809 692 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
101 Smalininkai Coat of Arms.jpg Smalininkai Listen • Info 653 600 1945 Tauragė County Jurbarkas District Municipality
102 TroskunaiCOA.svg Troškūnai Listen • Info 525 451 1956 Utena County Anykščiai District Municipality
103 Panemunė Listen • Info 329 319 1837 Tauragė County Pagėgiai Municipality

Xarita[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Xaritada qizil nuqta bilan deyarli barcha shaharlar koʻrsatilgan. Kattaroq shaharlar kattaroq harflar va qizil belgi bilan belgilangan.

Lietuva All Cities.png

Suratlar galleriyasi[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]

Eslatmalar va manbalar[tahrir | manbasini tahrirlash]