Koʻsem Sulton

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Koʻsem Sulton
Koʻsem Sulton
Usmonlilar imperiyasi Volida Sultoni
Oʻtmishdoshi: Halima Sulton
Vorisi: Turxon Sulton
 
Tavalludi: 2-sentabr 1589-yil(1589-09-02)
Tinos, Yunoniston bayrogʻi Yunoniston
Vafoti: 9-may 1651-yil(1651-05-09)
(61 yoshda)
Istanbul
Bolalari: Mehmed
Murod IV
Qosim
Sulaymon
Ibrohim I
Oysha
Fotima
Gavharxon
Xonzoda

Koʻsem Sulton, hamda Mohpaykar Sulton[1] (turk. Mâh-Peyker KösemMâh-Peyker Kösem; CA. 1590 yil — 3 sentyabr 1651 yil) sifatida xam tanilgan. Sulton Ahmad I ning ikkinchi yoki uchunchi[6] xotini (Xaseki unvonigaga ega boʻlgan). Sultonlar Murod IV va Ibrohim I larning onasi. Oʻgʻillarining xukmdorlik davrida Volida Sulton (Ona sulton) unvoniga ega boʻlgan. Usmoniylar imperiyasi tarixidagi eng nufuzli ayollaridan biri boʻlgan.[1][2][3][4]. Kelib chiqishi, millati, nasl-nasabi toʻgʻrisida aniq maʼlumotlar yoʻq. Taxminlarga koʻra u yunon[5][6][7][8]  millatiga mansub boʻlgan va uning xaqiqiy ismi Anastasiya[9] boʻlgan. Taxminlarga koʻra uning otasi Tinos oroli ruxoynisi boʻlgan. 15 yoshlik Anastasiyani Bosniya sanjakbeyi tomonidan qul sifatida sotib olinib Istanbulga olib kelingan[10][11][8][6][6].

Kinoda[tahrir]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. 1,0 1,1 Douglas Arthur Howard, The official History of Turkey, Greenwood Press, isbn= 0-313-30708-3, p. 195
  2. Bator, Robert, – Rothero, Chris (2000). Daily Life in Ancient and Modern Istanbul. Twenty-First Century Books, 42. ISBN 0-8225-3217-4. “When such a son became sultan, his slave mother would become the most powerful woman in the Ottoman Empire. The Macedonian slave Kösem earned this distinction” 
  3. Akbar, M. J. (2002). The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity. Routledge, 89. ISBN 0-415-28470-8. “His mother, Valide Kosem, said to be the most powerful woman in the history of the dynasty, ruled in his name.” 
  4. Westheimer, Ruth Karola, – Kaplan, Steven (2001). Power. University of Virginia: Madison Books, 19. ISBN 1-56833-230-0. “Maypeyker Sultan, better known as Kösem Sultan, is remembered by the Turks as the most powerful woman of her time” 
  5. al-Ayvansarayî, Hafiz Hüseyin ; Crane, Howard (2000). The garden of the mosques : Hafiz Hüseyin al-Ayvansarayî's guide to the Muslim monuments of Ottoman Istanbul. Brill, 21. ISBN 90-04-11242-1. “Kosem Valide Mahpeyker, known also simply as Kosem Sultan (c. 1589–1651), consort of Sultan Ahmed I and mother of Murad IV and Ibrahim I. Greek by birth, she exercised a decisive influence in the Ottoman state” 
  6. Kosem Sultan (Ottoman sultana) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. 11 March 2012.
  7. Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen (1954). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill, 597. ISBN 90-04-07026-5. “Kosem [qv] Mahpeyker, a woman of Greek origin (Anastasia, 1585–1651)” 
  8. 8,0 8,1 Davis, Fanny (1970). The Palace of Topkapi in Istanbul. Scribner, 227–228. OCLC 636864790. “Kosem was said to have been the daughter of a Greek priest of one of the Aegean islands, probably captured during one of the Ottoman-Venetian maritime campaigns. Her name was Anastasia but was changed after her conversion, no doubt on her admission to the palace, to Mâh-Peyker (Moon-Shaped), and later by Sultan Ahmet to Kosem” 
  9. Sonyel, Salâhi Ramadan (1993). Minorities and the destruction of the Ottoman Empire. Turkish Historical Society Printing House, 61. ISBN 975-16-0544-X. “Many of the women of the harem were non-Muslim, for example Kösem Sultan was born in 1590 as Anastasia. The Governor of Bosnia had sent her to the Sultan. She was the wife of Ahmet I (1603–17), and the mother of Murat IV (1623–40), and of Ibrahim I (1640–8)” 
  10. Amila Buturović, İrvin Cemil Schick (2007). Women in the Ottoman Balkans: gender, culture and history. I.B.Tauris, 23. ISBN 1-84511-505-8. “Kösem, who was of Greek origin. Orphaned very young, she found herself at the age of fifteen in the harem of Sultan Ahmed I.” 
  11. Freely, John (1996). Istanbul: the imperial city. Viking, 215. ISBN 0-14-024461-1. “Then around 1608 Ahmet found a new favourite, a Greek girl named Anastasia, who had been captured on the island of Tinos and sent as a slave to the Harem, where she took the name of Kosem” 
  12. Turkish screenwriter tells Ottoman history through one woman's life
  13. IMDB, Mahpeyker - Kösem Sultan
  14. Turkish star Beren Saat to play mother of Ottoman sultan in new drama - CINEMA-TV. Hürriyet Daily News | LEADING NEWS SOURCE FOR TURKEY AND THE REGION.
  15. Kösem Sultan - Nurgül Yeşilçay. www.fox.com.tr (en).