Hijob turlari

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya

Hijob turlarining ushbu jadvali odatda hijob so'zi bilan bog'liq bo'lgan islom kiyimlarining terminologik jihatdan ajralib turadigan uslublarini tasvirlaydi.

Arabcha hijob soʻzini boshqa maʼnolari mavjud.

“qopqoq, oʻrash, parda, parda, parda, boʻlak” deb ham tarjima qilish mumkin. [1] Qur'onda ham tom ma'noda, ham majoziy ma'noda ajratish, himoya qilish va qoplash tushunchalarini anglatadi. [2] Keyinchalik, bu so'z ma'no jihatdan rivojlangan va hozir odatda musulmon ayolning ro’molini bildiradi [2] Ingliz tilida bu nomlanish

asosan ayollar uchun islomiy bosh kiyim va uning diniy qoidalarini bildiradi. [3][4]

Name Image Description
Abaya عباية Full-length, robe-like outer garment that covers the whole body except the head, feet, and hands. Usually worn with a headscarf or (especially in Saudi Arabia) gloves and niqab.
al-Amira A two-piece veil. It consists of a close fitting cap, usually made from cotton or polyester, and an accompanying tube-like scarf.
Bushiyya A veil that is tied on at the forehead and falls to cover the entire face but has no cut-out for the eyes; instead, the fabric is sheer enough to be seen through (Middle East, specifically Persian Gulf).
Bukhnuq بخنق This is similar to khimār 2 (see below) but comes down just to the bosom. Sometimes called "Amira hijab" if it has embroidery at the edge.
Eastern Arabia Batula (<b id="mwRg">Battoulah</b>) برقع شرق الجزيرة العربية Women wear it in United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar and Arabs of Southern Iran. This tradition has almost died out in the newer generations. Older women past 50, and those living in rural areas can still be seen wearing them.
Burqa or Chadari Bengali برقع، چادری Traditional Central Asian[5] style outer garment that covers the entire body and has a grille over the face that the woman looks through. Very similar in style and function to other Central Asian styles such as the paranja. Burqa or Chadari Bengali were traditionally worn in Chechnya and Uzbekistan and transferred to Afghanistan by Salafi’s.
Chador An Iranian traditional outer garment (also worn in other countries) that covers the head and body and is a full-length semicircle of fabric but comes down to the ground. Does not have slits for the hands and is held shut with the hands, teeth or simply wrapped under the arms.
Elechek White turban traditionally worn by Kyrgyz women, currently reserved for special occasions.[6][7]
Hijāb حجاب May refer to any head covering. See Hijab
Jilbāb (1) جلباب generic The term used in the Qur'an (Suratu l-Ahzāb, āya 59) to refer to the outer garment. In Indonesia, the term jilbab refers exclusively to the head-covering.
Jilbāb (2) A type of outer garment that looks like a long raincoat or trenchcoat.
Kalpak Traditional headgear of unmarried woman in Kazakhstan, Karakalpakstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Kalfak (ru:Калфак, tt:Калфак) Traditional headgear of Tatars woman.
Kelaghayi A traditional Azerbaijani women's headgear.
Kerudung Although similar to the Malaysian tudong (below), the modern Indonesian kerudung usually includes a stiff visor above the eyes.
Khimār (1) خمار generic The term used in the Qur'an (Suratu n-Nūr, āya 31) to refer to the headscarf; the word "hijāb" is more commonly used with this meaning.
Khimār (2) Most commonly, a circular head covering with a hole cut out for the face, which usually comes down to the waist. Note the variations bukhnuq and chador above, which are the same style but different lengths.
Traditional headgear of married woman in Kazakhstan, Karakalpakstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Kurhars (ru:Курхарс) Traditional headgear of unmarried woman in Ingushetia.
Lachak Traditional festive headgear of woman, who has married sons and daughters, in Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, quite similar to Elechek and Kimeshek, worn only at party where only women are present (as at presence of men face was completely closed). https://moluch.ru/archive/47/5858/
Mukena An Indonesian hijab worn almost exclusively for praying. It is fastened around the head with two strings. Colors are usually white or pastel.
Niqaab نقاب A veil that covers the face and entire head but with a place cut out for the eyes (image: style worn in Yemen).
Niqaab (2) A veil that is tied on at the bridge of the nose and falls to cover the lower face. Also called "half niqab".
Oramal (kk:Орамал) A traditional kerchief used in Central Asia and the Caucasus (note how it is banded, the neck is usually not covered by it). In some countries like Uzbekistan it was traditionally used only at home, while in public the paranja was more popular. In other countries, like Kazakhstan, it was commonly used in public. In Kyrgyzstan, the white color is an indication that the woman is married.
Paranja A Central Asian traditional outer garment that covers the head and body, heavy in weight and made from horsehair. Once prevalent in Uzbek and Tajik societies.
Safseri, sefseri, safsari or sefsari Traditional Tunisian veil worn by women, composed of a large piece of cream-colored cloth covering the whole body.
Selendang In Southeast Asia, a multi-purpose shoulder sash that can be tied around the shoulders to carry infants and groceries, or draped over the head.
Shayla Long, rectangular scarf, wrapped around the head and tucked or pinned in place at the shoulders. Popular in Arab states of the Persian Gulf.
Taqiyah (cap)

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  1. El Guindi, Fadwa. Hijab. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, 2009. DOI:10.1093/acref/9780195305135.001.0001. ISBN 9780195305135. 
  2. 2,0 2,1 Siddiqui, Mona (2006). "Veil". in Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. Brill. http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopaedia-of-the-quran/veil-EQSIM_00441. 
  3. Hijab in Merriam-Webster
  4. Hijab at Oxford Dictionaries
  5. Abu-Lughod, Lila (2002). "Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and Its Others". American Anthropologist 104 (3): 783–790. doi:10.1525/aa.2002.104.3.783. https://archive.org/details/sim_american-anthropologist_2002-09_104_3/page/783. 
  6. BBC Trending. „Kyrgyzstan president: 'Women in mini skirts don't become suicide bombers'“. BBC (13-avgust 2016-yil).
  7. Central Asia. Lonely Planet, 2010 — 63 bet. ISBN 9781741791488. 

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