B. R. Ambedkar

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1891-yil 14-aprel — 1956-yil 6-dekabr) — hindistonlik huquqshunos, iqtisodchi, siyosatchi va ijtimoiy islohotchi boʻlgan, Dalit Buddist harakatiga ilhom bergan va daxlsizlarga (Dalits) nisbatan ijtimoiy kamsitishlarga qarshi kurash olib borgan. Shuningdek, u ayollar va mehnat huquqlarini qoʻllab-quvvatladi. U mustaqil Hindistonning birinchi qonun va adolat vaziri, Hindiston Konstitutsiyasining meʼmori va Hindiston Respublikasining asoschisi edi.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

1956-yilda u 600000 tarafdorlari bilan buddizmni qabul qilib, Dalitsni ommaviy konvertatsiya qilishni boshladi. U Hindistonda buddizmni qayta tikladi. Ambedkar Navayana buddistlari orasida bodhisattva va mayya sifatida qabul qilinadi.[7][8][9][10]

1990-yilda Hindistonning eng yuqori fuqarolik mukofoti boʻlgan Bharat Ratna vafotidan keyin Ambedkarga topshirildi. Ambedkar merosida koʻplab madaniy yodgorliklar va tasvirlar mavjud. Ambedkarning ijtimoiy-siyosiy islohotchi sifatida qoldirgan merosi zamonaviy Hindistonga chuqur taʼsir koʻrsatdi.[11][12]

Ambedkar 2012-yilda Vallabhbhai Patel va Javaharlal Nerudan oldin History TV18 va CNN IBN tomonidan oʻtkazilgan soʻrovnomada „Eng buyuk hindistonlik“ deb topilgan.[13]

Ambedkar Jayanti (Ambedkar tugʻilgan kuni) — har-yili 14 aprelda nishonlanadigan, nafaqat Hindistonda, balki butun dunyoda nishonlanadigan festival. Ambedkar Jayanti butun Hindiston boʻylab rasmiy rasmiy bayram sifatida nishonlanadi.[14][15][16] Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkiloti 2016, 2017 va 2018-yillarda Ambedkar Jayanti bayramini nishonladi.[17][18][19]

Manbalar[tahrir]

  1. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids | Parenting News,The Indian Express
  3. How Indiaʼs Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica
  5. All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary
  6. (2013) in Donald S. Lopez, Jr.: Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 34. ISBN 9780691157863. 
  7. https://theprint.in/opinion/why-ambedkar-chose-buddhism-over-hinduism-islam-christianity/237599/
  8. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/buddha-purnima-special-why-ambedkar-coverted-to-buddhism-6397742/
  9. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/br-ambedkar-conversion-to-buddhism
  10. Christopher Queen (2015). in Steven M. Emmanuel: A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons, 529–531. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3. 
  11. Joshi, Barbara R. (1986). Untouchable!: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement. Zed Books, 11–14. ISBN 9780862324605. 
  12. Keer, D. (1990). Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission. Popular Prakashan, 61. ISBN 9788171542376. 
  13. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/a-measure-of-the-man/281949
  14. http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02est/12_6_2015_JCA-2-19032015.pdf Arxivlandi 5 April 2015Wayback Machine saytida. Ambedkar Jayanti from ccis.nic.in on 19 March 2015
  15. http://persmin.gov.in/ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  16. 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World. mea.gov.in
  17. Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost. firstpost.com.
  18. "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'". The New Indian Express. http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2018/apr/14/un-celebrates-ambedkars-legacy-fighting-inequality-inspiring-inclusion-1801468.html. 
  19. "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State" (en). newsstate.com. https://www.newsstate.com/world-news/babasaheb-ambedkar-jayanti-celebrated-in-united-nations-article-52584.html.