Mustaqillik Kuni

Vikipediya, ochiq ensiklopediya

Mustaqillik Kuni biror mamlakatning boshqa davlatdan yoki mustamlakalikdan ajralib chiqqan kunidir. Odatda milliy bayram oʻlaroq har yili nishonlanadi.

Quyida dunyo mamlakatlarining mustaqillik kunlari keltirilgan:

Mamlakat Sana Qachon va kimdan mustaqil boʻlgan
Afgʻonistan 19 avgust 1919 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Albania 28 noyabr (Dita e Pavarësisë) Ismoil Kamoli tomonidan 1912 yili eʼlon qilingan, Usmonlilar Imperiyasidan.
Jazoir 5 iyul 1962, Fransiyadan.
Andorra 14 mart 1993 yili Fransiya va Ispaniyadan.
Angola 11 noyabr 1975 yili Portugaliyadan.
Antigua va Barbuda 1 noyabr 1981 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Argentina 9 iyul 1816 yili Ispaniyadan.
Armaniston 21 sentabr 1991 yili Sovet Ittifoqidan.


Avstriya 15 may 1955 yili AQSh, Sovet Ittifoqi, Birlashgan Qirollik hamda Fransiyadan.
Ozarbayjon 18 oktabr 1991 yili Sovet Ittifoqidan.
Bagam 10 iyul 1973 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Bahrayn 15 avgust 1971 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Bangladesh 26 mart Pokistondan ozodlik eʼlon qilingan, natijada toʻqqiz oy davom etgan urush (1971, 16 dekabrgacha).
Barbados 30 noyabr 1966 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Belarus 3 iyul 1944 yili Sovet qoʻshinlarining Minskni fashistlar Germaniyasidan ozod etishi.
Belgiya 21 iyul 1831 yili Belgiya inqilobi tufayli.
Beliz 21 sentabr 1981 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Benin 1 avgust 1960 yili Fransiyadan.
Boliviya 6 avgust 1825 yili Ispaniyadan.
Bosnia va Gersegovina 1 mart 1992 yili Yugoslaviyadan.
Botsvana 30 sentabr 1966 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Braziliya 7 sentabr 1822 yili Portugaliyadan mustaqillik eʼlon qilindi. Biroq 1825 yilning 29 avgustigacha tan olinmadi.
Bruney 1 yanvar 1984 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Bolgariya 22 sentabr 1908 yili Usmonlilar Imperiyasidan.
Burkina Faso 5 avgust 1960 yili Fransiyadan.
Burundi 1 iyul 1962 yili Belgiyadan.


Kamerun 1 yanvar Fransiya va Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Kapo Verde 5 iyul 1975 yili Portugaliyadan.
Chad 11 avgust 1960 yili Fransiyadan.
Chili 12 fevral 1818 yili Ispaniyadan mustaqillik eʼlon qilingan. Biroq chililiklar Mustaqillik Kunini 1844 yilgacha 18 sentabrda nishonlashgan.
Kolumbiya 20 iyul va 7 avgust 1810 yili Ispaniyadan.
Kongo 30 iyul 1960 yili Belgiyadan.
Kosta Rika 15 sentabr 1821 yili Ispaniyadan.
Xorvatiya 8 oktabr 1991 yili Yugoslaviyadan.
Kipr 1 oktabr 1960 yili 16 avgustda Birlashgan Qirollikdan. Biroq kiprliklar Mustaqillik Kunini 1 oktabrda nishonlashadi.
Chexiya va Slovakiya 28 oktabr

17 noyabr

Chexoslovakiya oʻlaroq 1918 yili Avstriya-Vengriyadan.

Slovakiya 1989 yili Chexoslovakiyadan.

Dominikan Respublikasi 27 fevral 1844 yili Gaitidan.
Sharqiy Timor 20 may 2002 yili Indoneziyadan.
Ekvador 10 avgust va 24 may 1809 10 avgustda Ispaniyadan mustaqillik eʼlon qilindi, biroq 1810 yil 2 avgustda bekor qilindi. 1822 yil 24 mayda batamom mustaqil boʻldi.
Eritreya 24 may 1993 yili Efiopiyadan.
Estoniya 24 fevral 1918 yili Rossiyadan. Sovet Ittifoqi tarkibida boʻlgan vaqti (1944 - 1991) mustamlaka deb koʻrilsa-da, undan chiqish sanasi Mustaqillik Kuni sifatida nishonlanmaydi.
Finlandiya 6 dekabr 1917 yili Rossiyadan.
Gambiya 18 fevral 1965 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Gruziya 26 may 1918 yili Rossiyadan.
Gana 6 mart 1957 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Gretsiya 25 mart 1821 yili Usmonlilar Imperiyasidan.
Gvatemala 15 sentabr 1821 yili Ispaniyadan.
Gayana 26 may 1966 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Gaiti 1 sentabr 1804 yili Fransiyadan.
Gonduras 15 sentabr 1821 yili Ispaniyadan.
Islandiya 17 iyul 1944 yili Daniyadan.
Hindiston 15 avgust 1947 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Indoneziya 17 avgust Niderlandiyadan mustaqillik eʼlon qilingan kun. 1945 yili Yaponiyadan.
Isroil 5 Iyar Yahudiy taqvimiga koʻra 5 Iyar kuni (15 aprel va 15 may orasida) nishonlanadi. Zamonaviy mustaqillikka 1948 yilning 14 mayida erishdi (Birlashgan Qirollikdan).


Yamayka 6 avgust 1962 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Iordaniya 25 may 1946 yil Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Qozogʻiston 16 dekabr 1991 yili Sovet Ittifoqidan.
Keniya 12 dekabr 1963 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Shimoliy Koreya 9 sentabr 1948 yili, Korea Xalq Demokratik Respublikasi tashkil topishi bilan.
Janubiy Koreya 15 avgust 1945 yili Yaponiyadan.
Quvayt 26 yanvar 1961 yili Birlashgan Qirollikdan.
Qirgʻiziston 31 avgust 1991 yili Sovet Ittifoqidan.
Latviya 18 noyabr 1918 yili Rossiyadan.
Livan 22 noyabr 1943 yili Fransiyadan.
Lesotho October 04 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Liberia July 26 Independence in 1847.
Lithuania February 16 and March 11 Independence from Russia and Germany in February, 1918; independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
Madagascar June 26 1960-yil Fransiyadan.
Malawi July 06 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Malaysia August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
Maldives July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965
Mali September 22 Independence from France in 1960
Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Mexico September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27 1821
Moldova August 27 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Mongolia November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
Morocco March 02 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
Myanmar January 04 Independence from United Kingdom in 1948
Namibia March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990


Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Niger August 03 Independence from France in 1960
Nigeria October 01 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
Norway May 17 Independence from Sweden in 1905. Commonly celebrated on May 17, the Constitution Day set by signing of the Norwegian Constitution at Eidsvoll in 1814.
Pakistan August 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Panama November 28 Independence from Spain in 1821. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated (on November 3, Separation Day).
Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
Paraguay May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) Independence from Spain in 1898.
Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
Portugal December 01 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.

The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on 5 October of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separated entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580-1640.

Qatar September 03 Independence from United Kingdom in 1971.
Republic of Ireland December 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1922.
Republic of Macedonia September 08/May 25 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Russia June 12 (Russia Day)
Rwanda July 01 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Serbia February 15 The beginning of the First Uprising against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Seychelles June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Sierra Leone April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Singapore August 09 (National Day) marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.
Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence (only a remembrance day), but the independence came only on January 1, 1993 from the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Slovenia December 26 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia.
South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on 31 May, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on 31 May, 1961
Sri Lanka February 04 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
Suriname November 25 Independence from The Netherlands in 1975.
Swaziland September 06 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Switzerland August 01 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tanzania December 09 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
Trinidad and Tobago August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Tonga June 04 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970.
Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Ukraine August 24 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
United Arab Emirates December 02 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
United States of America July 04 (Fourth of July) Declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
Uruguay August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
Uzbekistan September 01 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Vatican City February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
Venezuela July 05 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Vietnam September 02 Declaration of independence from France in 1945.
Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
Zambia October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
Zimbabwe April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

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